FIRE PREVENTION ORDINANCE FOR CITIES AND TOWNS

FIRE PREVENTION ORDINANCE FOR CITIES AND TOWNS

It Establishes Bureau of Fire Prevention—Prescribes Regulations for Hazardous Materials and Processes

(Concluded from the June 10 issue)

THE following Eire Prevention Ordinance has been prepared by Engineers of the Xational Board of Eire Linderxvr iters and is recommended by that organization for adoption by cities and towns. IVhile it is not expected that in all cases smaller cities will find need for an ordinance of such length, it is recommended by the Board that a complete set of regulations be adopted in all cases, for even though there may be HO immediate need of regulation of a particular hazard, c. cry grooving community is sure to have these hazards introduced sooner or later, and it is better to be prepared for them than to develop unrestricted and then try to regulate than. The ordiiumce has been published in its entirety serially in FIRE ENGINEERING. Continuation of Part 21, Miscellaneous:

2104. No person making, using, storing or having charge or control of any shavings, excelsior, rubbish, sacks, bags, litter, hay, straw or combustible trash, waste or fragments shall fail, neglect or refuse at the close of each day to cause all such material which is not compactly baled and stacked in an orderly manner to be removed from the premises or stored in suitable vaults or in metal or metal lined covered receptacles or bins. The Chief of the Bureau of hire Prevention shall require suitable baling presses to be installed in stores, apartment buildings, factories and similar places where accumulations of paper and waste materials are not removed at least every second day.

2105. The storage of empty packing cases, boxes, barrels or other similar combustible containers is forbidden without a permit except in the open. Provided, however, that no permit shall be required for the storage within a manutacturing or other establishment of sufficient packing cases, boxes, barrels, or other similar containers to properly carry on its operations, but such storage shall be orderly and not so located as to endanger exit from the building. Storage in the open of packing cases, boxes, barrels or other similar combustible containers shall not be more than twenty feet in height, and shall be at least fifty feet from the nearest building. All such storage shall be in a compact and orderly manner.

2106. Cotton batting, straw, dry vines, leaves, trees, celluloid or other highly flammable materials shall not be used for decoration purposes in show windows or stores without a permit, provided, however, that nothing in this section shall be held to prohibit the display of saleable goods permitted and offered for sale in the store. Electric light bulbs in stores or public halls shall not be decorated with paper or other combustible materials unless such materials shall first have been rendered flameproof.

2107. No person shall take into any building, barn, vessels, boat or any other place where highly flammable, combustible or explosive materials are kept, an open flame unless such light or flame shall be well secured in a glass globe, wire mesh cage or similar approved device. .

2108. All chimneys, smokestacks or similar devices tor conveying smoke or hot gases to the outer air and the stoves, furnaces, fire boxes or boilers to which they are connected shall be constructed and maintained in such a manner as not to endanger adjacent property, and in accordance with the Building Code.

2109. No heating apparatus with an open flame, and no artificial lighting system other than incandescent electric lights shall be used in any warehouse for the storage of rags, excelsior, hair or other flammable or combustible material; nor in any shop or factory used for the manufacture, repair or renovating of mattresses or bedding; nor in any establishment for the upholstery of furniture.

2110. All trapdoors, except those which are automatic in their operation, in any factory building or buildings used for storage shall be closed at the completion of the business of each day. Every outside window in a building used for manufacturing purposes or for storage which opens directly on any hoistway or other vertical means of communication between two or more floors in such building, shall be plainly marked with the word “SHAFTWAY” in red letters at least six inches high on a white background, such warning sign to be so placed as to be easily discernible from the outside of the building. Every door or window opening on such shaftway from the interior of the building, unless the construction of the partition surrounding the shaftway is of such distinctive nature as to make its purpose evident at a glance, shall be similarly marked with the warning word “SHAFTWAY” so placed as to be easily visible to any one approaching the shaftway from the interior of the building.

Part 22.—Penalties for Violation

2201. Any and all persons who shall violate any of the provisions of this ordinance or fail to comply therewith, or who shall violate or fail to comply with any order or regulation made thereunder, or who shall build in violation of any detailed statement of specifications or plans submitted and approved thereunder, or any certificate or permit issued thereunder, shall severally for each and every such violation and noncompliance respectively, forfeit and pay a penalty not to exceed the sum of twenty-five dollars. The imposition of one penalty for any violation of this ordinance shall not excuse the violation, or permit it to continue; and all such persons shall be required to correct or remedy such violations or defects within a reasonable time; and when not otherwise specified, each ten days that prohibited conditions are maintained shall constitute a separate offense.

The application of the above penalty shall not be held to prevent the enforced removal of prohibited conditions.

2202. Conflicting Ordinances Repealed. All ordinances and parts of ordinances inconsistent herewith arc hereby repealed.

2203. Date of Effect. This ordinance shall take effect and be in force from and after its passage, and legal publication.

FIRE PREVENTION ORDINANCE FOR CITIES AND TOWNS

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FIRE PREVENTION ORDINANCE FOR CITIES AND TOWNS

It Establishes Bureau of Fire Prevention—Prescribes Regulations for Hazardous Materials and Processes

(Continued from the May 13 issue)

THE following fire Prevention Ordinance has been prepared by Engineers of the National Board of Fire Underwriters and is recommended by that organisation for adoption by cities and towns. While it is not expected that in all cases smaller cities will find need for an ordinance of such length, it is recommended by the Board that a complete set of regulations be adopted in all cases, for even though there may be no immediate need of regulation of a particular hazard, every growing community is sure to have these hazards introduced sooner or later, and it is better to be prepared for them than to develop unrestricted and then try to regulate them. The ordinance is being published in its entirety serially in FIRE ENGINEERING. Continuation of Part 20, Appliances and Connections:

2002. Shut-off cocks and valves shall be placed in suitable stop or valve boxes, manholes or vaults, the covers of which shall bear the name of the company to which it belongs and the valves if necessary tagged to properly identify their purpose.

2003. All gas burners shall be placed at least 3 feet below any woodwork or ceiling attached to wooden beams, unless the same is properly protected by a shield, in which case the distance shall be not less than 18 inches.

2004. No gas bracket on any lath and plaster partition or woodwork shall be less than 6 inches in length measured from the burner to the plaster surface or woodwork.

2005. Gas connections to stoves, heaters and other appliances shall be made by metal pipe or by approved metal tubing securely fastened in place, except that for devices which require a movable connection, approved, flexible tubing as specified below may be used provided there is no shut-off on the device.

2006. It shall be unlawful for any person to use, sell, expose or offer for sale, or to install or fix, any tubular connection of fabric intended for any illuminating gas fixtures, stove, heater or lamp, or other gas appliances, unless such tube connection, hose or similar device shall be approved by the Chief of the Bureau of Fire Prevention in accordance with the following specifications:

  1. Gas tubing shall be made up in suitable lengths with end pieces securely attached by the manufacturer.
  2. (b) All gas tubing must be made up of a strong gastight metal core with rubber packing and covered with a layer of good quality rubber or other suitable gas-tight material and a braided cloth covering. Such layers or covering or rubber to be put on over the metal core in such a way that it will of itself form a gas-tight wall.
  3. Each length of tubing shall be labelled by the manufacturer with a tag attached to the tubing or a marking on the end piece, or both. The inscription shall state the manufacturer’s name, the length of the tubing or any other information pertinent to the public use of this piece of tubing.
  4. Rubber end pieces must be of good quality, must be at least 2 inches long, corrugated inside, and have an outside wall thickness of at least 5/32 inch at the gas appliance end and must be so attached as to stand a pull equal to lifting a weight of 50 pounds.

2007. All gas stoves shall be placed on iron stands at least 6 inches above combustible supports unless the burners are at least 5 inches above the base with metal guard plates below the burners.

2008. Any appliance which consumes large quantities of gas, or which is automatically controlled and which depends upon a pilot light for ignition, shall be connected to an adequate flue.

Part 21.—Miscellaneous

2101. No person shall kindle or maintain any bonfire or shall knowingly furnish the materials for any such fire, or authorize any such fire to be kindled or maintained on or in any street, alley, road, land or public grounds or upon any private lot, unless a written permit so to do shall first have been secured from the Bureau of Fire Prevention.

2102. No person shall deposit ashes, smouldering coal or embers, greasy or oily substances or other matters liable to create spontaneous ignition within ten feet of any wooden or plastered wall, partition, fence, floor, sidewalk, lumber, hay, shavings, rubbish or other combustible materials, except in metallic or other non-combustible receptacles. Such receptacles, unless resting on a non-combustible floor or on the ground outside the building, must be placed on noncombustible stands, and in every case must be kept at least two feet away from any combustible wall or partition.

2103. No person shall permit to remain upon any roof or in any court, yard, vacant lot or open space, any accumulation of waste paper, hay, grass, straw, weeds, litter or combustible or flammable waste or rubbish of any kind. All weeds, grass, vines or other growth, when same endangers property, or is liable to be fired, shall be cut down and removed by the owners or occupant of the property it is on.

(To be continued)