Fire Prevention Week to Be Generally Observed Throughout the Land
President Hoover Proclaims the Week of October 5 as the Time Set Apart for the Consideration of Fire Prevention—Almost Universal Observance of Week
THE observance of Fire Prevention Week, from October 5 to 11, judging from the news received from many quarters, will be very general by Fire Departments throughout the entire country. These observances will be supplemented in a great many instances by public ceremonies conducted under the auspices of Chambers of Commerce and civic organizations and in numberless cases public schools will take prominent parts in these observances. The matter will also be referred to in sermons in many of the churches.
President Hoover has issued a proclamation setting the week apart for this purpose, and many of the Governors of states have also issued similar documents.
Fire Departments will, in many cases, utilize their apparatus for the purpose of spreading the doctrine of _____ire carefulness during the week by driving the trucks through the streets with suitable placards upon them, setting forth the objects of the week, calling attention to the danger of accumulated rubbish in attics and cellars, and the hundreds and one other violations of the rules of safety by the citizens. Chiefs and other members of the departments will take part in the public observances of the week, will address meetings, demonstrate the pulling of alarms, and in every way bring the matter to the attention of the public.
Taken as a whole, indications seem to point to a greater and more widespread observance of this most important week than ever before.
Hoover Proclaims Fire Prevention Week
The week commencing October 5 has been set aside as Fire Prevention Week by President Hoover to call attention to the needless waste of lives and property by fire. The proclamation reads:
Whereas the North American Continent leads the world in the amount of its annual fire waste, one year of devastating losses following another, each, with but few exceptions, establishing a new high mark in the amount of valuable property burned and in the magnitude of economic losses, property losses alone in 1929 exceeding $470,000,000; and
Whereas thousands of persons annually die as a result of burns and many additional thousands are injured, 66 per cent of all fatalities from fire taking place in the home; and
Whereas the present conditions can be corrected only through the earnest effort of each one of us; and
Whereas it has been customary to observe national fire prevention week in the effort to instill into every citizen a full understanding of his individual responsibility in the curtalment of the mounting losses of property and life through preventable fires; now
Therefore, I, Herbert Hoover, President of the United States of America, do proclaim the week of Oct. 5, 1930, to be observed as national fire prevention week and, do invite the active cooperation of all in the prevention of fire waste and the consequent procuring the individual benefits and increased national prosperity.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.
Done at the city of Washington this 17th day of September, in the year of our Lord, 1930, and of the independence of the United States of America the one hundred and fiftyfifth.
By the President:
HENRY L. STIMSON, Secretary of State.
Chicago to Vote on Large Bond Issue—At the November election, Chicago, I11., will vote on a $5,670,000 bond issue to be used for the fire department.
Some Means To Further Fire Prevention
It has been pointed out by the Chamber of Commerce of the United States that fifty-five per cent of all fires of known origin that occurred in 1929 were strictly preventable and the remainder were partially preventable. Although the value of property destroyed by fire in 1929 was about $88,000,000 less than that destroyed by similar means in 1926, the annual fire loss in America is still the greatest in the world.
A survey recently completely by the National Fire Waste Council revealed that sixty-six per cent of all deaths caused by fires were in buildings of the dwelling class.
To further fire prevention in the home, a self-inspection blank has been designed to disclose the things that require attention. In many cities the blanks are distributed at school to the children and are then returned to the school. It is a common stunt for either the fire department, a local newspaper, or the school to conduct a fire essay contest on a fire prevention subject. Very often prizes are donated by local merchants in order to interest the children in this very important subject.
The various insurance organizations have prepared posters and stickers. Not only are the posters displayed in windows but they are also fastened to delivery cars and trucks. “Before and After” pictures have been taken by fire department camera men and used effectively at this time of the year.
When the Fire Prevention Week was first started, it was observed in but a few cities. Now in many states the governors have issued fire prevention proclamations and city officials take active parts in preparing fire prevention programs.
Fire Prevention on the Farms
Special effort toward prevention of fires on farms and in rural communities of the United States was urged by Secretary of Agriculture Arthur M. Hyde, in a statement following President Hoover’s proclamation designating Fire Prevention Week.
Secretary Hyde stated that fires on farms last year took a toll of approximately 3.500 lives and caused property damage to an amount estimated at $100,000,000 or nearly one-fourth of the fire loss for the entire country. These losses are largely preventable, Secretary Hyde pointed out The principal causes of farm fires are lightning, defective chimneys and flues, careless use of matches and smoking, sparks on combustible roofs, spontaneous ignition of agricultural products, careless handling and storage of gasoline and kerosene, and defective wiring, and improper use of elertrical appliances.
Conscientious and continued attention to the elimination of fire hazards, it was pointed out. should be given by every member of the rural community. Cooperative activity through civic organizations, schools, and clubs can do a great deal to inculcate and keep active a realization of the responsibility of each individual to combat the hazard of fire.
Work Started on Braintree, Mass., House—Work has started on a new combination fire and police station in Braintree, Mass., to cost $126,000.
Whitman Re-Elected Chief of Woodburn—C. E. Whitman was re-elected Chief of the Woodburn, Cal., Fire Department.
Cleveland to Purchase New Apparatus-—Cleveland. Ohio, is considering the purchase of two new pieces of fire apparatus. one to replace a unit that was damaged in a street car accident.
Childress, Tex., Saves Insurance Premiums—According to a letter from the State Fire Insurance Commissioner, over $16,000 in insurance premiums were saved during the past two years by the good work of the Childress, Tex., Fire Department.
Notes of the I. A. F. C. Convention
The convention gave a rising vote of thanks to Chief R. J. Scott and Captains Tibbitts and Gowell of the Los Angeles Fire Department for their fine work in making the convention a success from the educational standpoint.
At the banquet tendered the Association by the city of Winnipeg on Thursday evening, Chief and Mrs. Ralph J. Scott were presented a beautiful testimonial in the form of a clock.
Chief and Mrs. Donald A. Boulden also received a similar gift, and in addition, a remembrance for Miss Boulden who was born while the Chief was attending the Birmingham convention last year.
In addition to Chief Boulden, the Convention Bureau of Winnipeg as well as the professional and business men of the city deserve the highest praise for the commendable manner in which the meeting was handled.
Chief Ralph J. Scott proved a presiding officer of the first rank. Meetings were called punctually to order, discussions on the floor were confined closely to the business before the house, and order was maintained in a highly commendable manner.
O’Donnell Heads Salvage Association
The annual meeting of the Salvage Officers Association was held in the Great Alexandria Hotel, Winnipeg, during the convention of the I. A. F. C. Superintendent John Townsend of St. Paul, Minn., presided.
The attendance indicated that considerable interest had been aroused in salvage work.
A number of instructive papers were read at the meetings. The one delivered by Chief Richard Smith of Pittsburgh, recently elected Second Vice-President of the I. A. F. C., was considered so thorough an exposition of salvage work and the value of such work to fire departments, that George W. Booth, Chief Engineer of the National Board of Fire Underwriters, offered to reprint the paper in pamphlet form and distribute it to the members of the International Association of Fire Chiefs.
Chief Brennan of San Francisco indicated by his remarks a detailed knowledge of salvage operation. He has been closely identified with the operation of a salvage corps in his own department from the time he started working in San Francisco as a pipeman.
The meeting closed with the election of Supt. James O’Donnell, of St. Louis, Mo., as President, Chief Daniel Shire, Mason City, Ia., Vice-President, and Supt. Keegan, Newark, as Secretary-Treasurer. John Ashmead, Hartford, Conn., was appointed by the President to take care of the publicity.
In the election of Chief Shire, the Salvage Officers Association indicated an appreciation of the cooperation given by the I. A. F. C.
Attending the meeting were Chiefs Brennan, San Francisco; Smith, Pittsburgh; Kennedy, West Orange, N. J.; O’Brien, Indianapolis; Blake, Rockville, I11.; Shire, Mason City, Ia.; George W. Booth, Chief Engineer, National Board of Fire Underwriters; Superintendents Keegan, Newark, N. J.; Walden, Worcester, Mass.; Egner, Kansas City; Hanson, Duluth; Ruane, Minneapolis; Curran, Indianapolis; Conway, Cincinnati, Hon. Superintendent Thompson, St. Louis, and John Ashmead, Hartford, Conn.
I. A. F. C. State Vice-Presidents Appointed
The Committee on State Vice-Presidents of the I. A. F. C. submitted the following names to be designated as VicePresidents of the various states. These nominations were accepted by unanimous vote of the delegates present.
Alabama—L. B. Hill, Bessemer.
Alberta—A. Dutton, Edmonton.
Arizona—W. J. Nemeck, Douglas.
Arkansas—Charles S. Hafer, Little Rock.
British Columbia—C. W. Thompson, Vancouver.
California—George Haggerty, Berkeley.
Colorado—P. D. McCartin, Colorado Springs.
Connecticut—Thomas F. Burns, Bridgeport.
Cuba—L. D. De Villages, Havana.
Delaware—W. J. Lutz, Wilmington.
District of Columbia—G. S. Watson. Washington, D. C. Florida—W. R. Anderson, Fort Myers.
Georgia—J. B. Kennedy, Augusta.
Hawaii—T. H. Fogarty, Honolulu.
Idaho—A. B. Canfield. Pocatello.
Illinois—F. C. McAuliffe, Chief of Patrols, Chicago.
Indiana—W. Nill, Hammond.
Iowa—L. R. Morris, Ames.
Japan—S. Doi, Osaka.
Kansas—W. A. Buel, Parsons.
Kentucky—E. E. Cureton, Owensboro.
Louisiana—Frank J. Roddy, Monroe.
Maine—Oliver T. Sanborn, Portland.
Manitoba—D. A. Boulden, Winnipeg.
Maryland—R. G. Hoenicka, Cumberland.
Massachusetts—Charles L. McCarthy, Worcester.
Michigan—Frank Kuhn, Pontiac.
Minnesota—S. H. Hanson, Duluth.
Mississippi—L. F. McDonald, Jackson.
Missouri—Charles Alt, St. Louis.
Montana—T. W. Dewar, Havre.
Nebraska—Louis Hansen, Lincoln.
Nevada—W. R. Shaber, Sparks.
New Hampshire—J. E. Smith, Nashua.
New Brunswick—W. S. Vaughn, St. Johns.
New Jersey—William McLaughlin, Bayonne.
New Mexico—J. A. Robles, Mexicala.
New York—J. H. Golden, Cohoes.
North Carolina—D. E. Shuford, Hickory.
North Dakota—J. W. Sutherland, Fargo.
Nova Scotia—J. W. Churchill, Halifax.
Ohio—E. J. Green, Steubenville.
Oklahoma—George B. Goff, Oklahoma City.
Ontario—George Sinclair, Toronto.
Oregon—Tom Graham, Corvallis.
Pennsylvania—George Fehr, Freedom.
Phillipine Islands—W. A. Davis, Manila.
Quebec—R. N. O. Harrington, McCall Refineries, Montreal. Rhode Island—Robert Lawton, Newport.
Saskatchewan—J. E. Faithful, Saskatoon.
South Carolina—H. B. Wells, Newberry.
South Dakota—Wm. A. Sloan, Sioux Falls.
Tennessee—J. T. Moore, Memphis.
Texas—C. J. Ollrie, Houston.
Utah—W. J. Knight, Salt Lake City.
Vermont—A. L. Kaltonski, Rutland.
Virginia—F. C. Jesse, Covington.
West Virginia—R. F. Doolittle, Fairmont.
Washington—W. A. Groce, Fire Marshal, Olympia.
Wisconsin—Ollie Norman, Superior.
Wyoming—E. P. Taylor, Cheyenne.
Fire Station Opened in South Bend—A new fire station has been opened in South Bend, Ind., and it will house a 500-gallon pumper.