FIRE PROTECTION ASSOCIATION ANNUAL MEETING

FIRE PROTECTION ASSOCIATION ANNUAL MEETING

The fourteenth annual meeting of the National Fire Protection Association, held in the red room of the Hotel La Salle, Chicago, on May 17, 18 and 19, was largely attended by delegates and members from all parts of the United States. After roll call President C. M. Goddard, of Boston, delivered his annual address, in the course of which he dwelt on the annual fire waste of the country and the urgent need for its reduction. He quoted at length from the recent report on the subject of the United State Geological Survey, entitled “The Fire Tax and Waste of Structural Materials in the United States,” and urged the enactment of laws requiring better construction and greater care on the part of property owners. The president concluded his able address with the following remarks, relative to the work of the association:

“We find that we have been, by giving publicity through the daily press to the question of fire protection and fire prevention, also in our contact with business men’s associations and municipal governments, urging just such action as is recommended by the United States Government. It is certainly a source of congratulation to our past executives that the policy pursued by this association from its very inception has followed so closely the line of work indicated as having been found after careful inquiry on the part of the United States Government to be the most effective. And as I retire from the office with which you have honored me I shall feel it a constant source of gratification that I have had some small share in the great work which this association has done, is doing and will, I believe, continue to do for many years to come.”

Following the president’s address the meeting heard technical reports from the following officers and committees:

Report of the Executive Committee; report of Special Committee on Resolutions; resolutions in memoriam. Henry K. Miller; reports of the secretary and treasurer; proposed amendments to articles of association; appointment of the nominating committee; report of the editor of the Quarterly: Manufacturing Risks and Special Hazards—Committee report. W. D. Grier, chairman; Devices and Materials—Committee report, W. C. Robinson, chairman; Automatic Sprinklers—Committee report, E. P. Boone, chairman; Fire Protection Coverings for Window and Door Openings—Committee report, W. C. Robinson, chairman; Hose—Committee report, H. W. Forster, chairman; Hydrants and Valves—Committee report, H. O. Lacount, chairman; Pumps—Committee report, E. V. French, chairman; Private Fire Supplies from Public Mains—Committee report, E. V. French, chairman; Standard Hose Couplings and Hyrant Fittings for Public Fire Service—Committee report, F. M. Griswold, chairman; Signaling Systems—Committee report, Ralph Sweetland, chairman; Cold Storage Warehouses—Committee report, E. P. Boone, chairman; Automobile Garages—Committee report, F. E. Cabot, chairman; Conference on Building Code—Committee report, E. T. Cairns, chairman; Fireproof Construction—Including Concrete and Reinforced Concrete—Committee report, E. T. Cairns, chairman; Theatre Construction and Equipment—-Committee report, C. A. Hexamer, chairman; Pneumatic Conveyors of Stock and Refuse—Committee report, H. L. Phillips, chairman; High Pressure Fire Service Systems— Committee report, A. G. Patton, chairman; address, “The Architect and Fire Protection”—Irving K. Pond, president, The American Institute of Architects; address, “Fire Insurance vs. Preventive Measures in Building”—F. S. Baker, president. The Royal Architectural Institute of Canada; American Water Works Association Convention—Report of delegate, F. M. Griswold; International Association of Fire Engineers’ Convention—Report of delegates; American Warehousemen’s Association Convention—Report of delegates, C. H. Patton. The reading of these reports, some of which were of a voluminous character and were followed by prolonged discussion that resulted in important changes being made in the standards for fire protection devices, together with a meeting of the Underwriters’ Uniformity Association, on the evening of the 17th and a visit to the Underwriters’ Laboratories, Inc., on the afternoon of the 18th, where the visitors witnessed some interesting tests, fully occupied the three days for which the association was in session, the meeting closing on the 19th, with the election of the following officers for the current year: President, Gorham Dana, Boston; vice-president, C. H. Patten, Cleveland; secretary and treasurer, George H. Spooner, Boston; executive committee, W. D. Mathews, Chicago, chairman; W. A. Stoney, New York; E. A. Northey, Boston; A. P. Stradling, Philadelphia; M. D. Pierce, New Orleans, and T. B. Sellers, Columbus.

The meeting adopted the following resolutions:

“The National Fire Protection Association, assembling for its fourteenth annual meeting, while enjoying the consciousness of many years of work well done, faces the future with no diminution either of its sense of public responsibility, or its obligation to prosecute to the utmost its campaign against the fire waste.

“Although the past two years show property losses by fire slightly less in volume than the monstrous average of the five years which immediately preceded them, the waste of our created resources is still so stupendous as to threaten the impoverishment of our people and contrast us most unfavorably with the more prudent countries of Europe.

“Conscious of these vital facts and serious and deplorable conditions, we once more publicly emphasize the principles for which we stand and the objects for which we are striving, to wit: The conservation of both natural and created resources by the prevention of the same from destruction by fire. With this object we advocate:

  1. The continued encouragement of fire resistive building construction and the adoption of suitable building codes by all cities and towns.
  2. The rigorous state and municipal regulation of the transportation and storage of all inflammable oils and explosives.
  3. The especial safeguarding of schools, theatres, factories and all other places in which numbers of people congregate or are employed.
  4. The adoption of the automatic sprinkler system as a fire extinguishing agent in all commercial establishments and city blocks.
  5. The universal adoption and use of the safety match.
  6. A safe and intelligent celebration of Independence Day.
  7. Special education of children and their parents in habits of care regarding fire.

“In the furtherance of these objects we solicit the co-operation of all public spirited citizens in the extension of our membership and the dissemination of our valuable literature to the end that the substance and lives of our people shall not continue to be dissipated by a reckless and easily preventable waste.”

Report of Special Committee on Standard Hose Couplings and Hydrant Fittings for Public Fire Service.*

Gentlemen: In view of the fact that the nature of the work assigned this committee is such that the day upon which it may present a final report still remains indefinite, it is with a sense of deep satisfaction that in rendering its report for the past year, your committee is enabled to record most marked and satisfactory progress in forwarding the general adoption of the “National Standard” throughout the country, and at the same time to give due recognition for the assistance rendered in further awakening the public interest in the matter through the valued co-operation of the various insurance organizations which have responded in a most encouraging manner to its appeal for their active support. The work and effort of your committee during the past year has been arduous and persistent in all lines of endeavor toward the accomplishment of its commission, and has so broadened and expanded in its detail as to compel the devotion of an increasing amount of time in attempting to take proper advantage of the many opportunities presented for the advancement of the purposes it has in view, and regrets that its ability to more fully grasp these opportunities is limited through the demands of work in other fields of employment.

As in a measure indicating the amount and

• Read at meeting of National Fire Protection Association, Chicago.

character of the work accomplished by your committee during the past year, it submits for your information the following resume:

In August, 1909, three members of the committee, Messrs. Bruen, Henley and Griswold, attended the convention of the International Association of Fire Engineers at Grand Rapids, Mich., as delegates of the N. F. P. A., and utilized the opportunity to distribute the literature of the committee relating the National standard couplings; exhibited, demonstrated and explained the methods by which certain non-standard sizes of couplings might be made to practically serve in connection with the National standard, using for the purpose of such demonstrations a set of “demonstration thread gauges” prepared by the committee; two members of this committee (Hague and Griswold) attended the convention of the American Water Works Association at Milwaukee, Wis., in June, and there distributed literature, exhibited, and demonstrated with the gauges, and also exhibited models of each of the standard threads on the various sizes of couplings covered by these specifications of this association, and in addition, the chairman of this committee took advantage of an opportunity to make similar exhibit and demonstration before the members of the New England Water Works Association at their annual meeting held in Boston, January 12, 1910.

In each instance the exhibit and demonstration of these gauges served to arouse wide interest, and to prove convincing arguments to those who had heretofore not seen them or were in doubt as to the practicability of such method of converting non-standard into workable couplings, with the National standard taken as an interim method of preparation for the full standardization of the equipment of a city. The success of these demonstrations encouraged your committee to assume that if a set of such gauges could be placed in the hands of each insurance organization having supervisory jurisdiction over public fire department utilities throughout the country, that the campaign of education in this vital matter of standardization might thus be convincingly brought before the authorities and the general public, and to that end a general letter was prepared by the committee appealing to each of 71 insurance organizations for co-operation in the work, and offering to furnish each such organization one or more sets of “demonstration thread gauges,” without cost, on receipt of an assurance that they would be used for the purpose indicated. Responses to this appeal were of a very encouraging nature, as practically every important insurance organization in the country gave assurance of appreciation of the importance of the proposition presented and promised hearty co-operation, and to each of such as could use the gauges, one or more sets were sent (expressage prepaid), accompanied by a letter advising of the shipment of the gauges and containing instructions in relation to the use of same in demonstration, in order that each recipient might work from the standpoint which the experience of your committee had proven to be most fruitful of practical results.

These demonstration thread gauges were made by R. D. Wood & Co., of Philadelphia, at the request of your committee, being furnished by the manufacturers at net cost of production and shipped by them to addresses furnished by your committee; for this unusual courtesy your committee desires to record its appreciative thanks and to acknowledge the value of this added evidence of hearty and intelligent co-operation in its work by R. D. Wood & Co.

Your committee has placed about 35 sets of these gauges up to date of writing this report, and has on hand tentative requests for an additional number, which will be furnished to those who can and will make proper use of them on demand, and is pleased to report that advices from those who have received the gauges indicate that they are being used with good results whenever the conditions warrant possibility of change to the National standard.

Since its last report your committee has had printed a new edition of 5,000 copies of the specifications and working drawings of the National standard hose and hydrant couplings and 5,000 of the circular of January, 1908, as the demand for same has been persistent and gratifying as an evidence of growing interest in the work of standardization which it seems proper to encourage.

Realizing the valuable results to be secured through the preparation and distribution of a record showing the dimensions of hose couplings and hydrant outlets in present use throughout the country, as a means by which future effort to secure standarization might be more intelligently and effectively undertaken, your committee has had prepared a card index system covering more than 2,500 towns and cities, from which records have been secured through the courtesy of many manufacturers of fire hose and apparatus and from such other sources of information as were available, each card containing all the records pertaining to the locality to which it applies, together with notations of the sources from which the information has been secured. In view of the fact that in some instances the record on one card may show as many as eight or nine entries, each from a different source, and no two of them exactly alike, it has seemed wise to undertake the task of verifying the figures by addressing an identical letter to the chiefs of fire departments in 1,290 towns and cities where the population approximated 5,000 or over; accompanying these letters was included a printed record sheet containing interrogatories containing the various items relative to the dimensions of couplings in present use. In response to this letter 298 record sheets were returned; at the expiration of thirty days a “follow-up” letter was sent to those who had made no response and from this effort something over 400 record sheets have been received, making a total of more than 700 replies secured up to the date at which this report was prepared.

While the results obtained as noted are gratifying, your committee has further followed the matter by a third letter to these chiefs of departments who have failed to make response to previous communications, and hopes to thereby secure such additional data as will warrant the compilation of a new and more nearly official record, and in this respect requests your authority for the printing of an edition of 5,000 copies when the matter is finally gotten into shape. It may be of interest to state that about 22 per cent, of the record sheets returned by the chiefs are found to vary so widely from the information in the hands of your committee as to necessitate the writing of a special letter covering each case in order to make sure of the facts before completing the record as “official”—in some instances as many as three such letters have been necessary. Your chairman has given his personal attention to this phase of the work, and is pleased to record very satisfactory results. In order to further cross-check the official record, your committee has supplied a number of insurance organizations with blank record sheets to be used in their field work, and is pleased to acknowledge valuable aid through that source, many records having been sent in by these organizations.

In addition to the efforts above recited, your committee has attempted to keep in touch with the installation of new waterworks systems and to note proposals for purchase of fire hose and hydrants at various localities throughout the country, and in the hope of awakening interest in the work of standardization, has had mailed to the authorities in such locations copies of the hose coupling specifications and of the circular issued by it under date of January, 1908, and is encouraged to believe that much good will result from such effort. U_____ to the date at which this report is written about 975 towns have been reached in the manner noted.

Your committee has been much encouraged in its work by assurances of manufacturers of fire department eyquipment that they are constantly urging the adoption of the National standard in all cases where orders are received for new work, and when opportunity offers are suggesting preparation for standardization of old installations on the lines laid down in the circular issued by your committee in January, 1908, and is pleased to record a wide-spread interest in the advancement of its work as evidenced by many letters received in which advice is asked in relation to the matter of substitution, and to such inquiries prompt and careful attention has been given.

Your committee was gratified at the selection of Fillmore Tyson (then chief of the Louisville, Ky., fire department and president of the International Association of Fire Engineers) as one of its members, and hoped to profit through association with him in its work, but, unfortunately, owing to the changes following the incoming of a new set of public officials in control of Louisville at a recent election, Chief Tyson was deprived of his office, and placed on the pension roll without any charges having been brought against him. Under these conditions Chief Tyson has not cared to take active part in the work of this committee, which fact is deeply regretted, as the experience he has had as a practical fireman and the interest he has shown in the advancement of fire protection and fire prevention as demonstrated by the work of the N. F. P. A. peculiarly fitted him to promote the work of this committee and to broaden the field of influence for the work of the N. F. P. A. through his wide popularity as one of the more progressive of fire chiefs then in public service.

The growing interest shown in this matter of standardization is so marked and promising that your committee is encouraged to believe that could closer attention be given to cultivation of this interest through the devotion of more time and effort in individual instances of promise and by opening up special fields for the “spread of the gospel” where the conditions of public awakening to the value of the work seem to call for active co-operation, that much could be accomplished almost daily; it is unfortunate that there is no apparent means through which this concentrated effort may be secured under the restricted time which can now be allowed to the work by the members of this committee, but its importance as a vital element in the matter of public protection would seem to warrant the expense of organized effort to more promptly take advantage of the opportunities which now are neglected through force of circumstances.

VIEW DURING FIRE IN CHEMICAL FACTORY, PEARL STREET, MANHATTAN.

In conclusion your committee desires to extend its thanks to all of those who have aided it in its work by counsel, advice and co-operation so freely accorded and so highly appreciated. It is recommended that the committee be continued under such guidance and control as may promise further persistent effort to bring this important work to its complete acceptance as the standard throughout the country. Respectfully submitted, F. M. Griswold, chairman.

Bad Blaze in a Manhattan Chemical Factory.

One of the fires that firemen dislike, not to say dread, occurred recently on Pearl street, New York, when a 5-story brick building, used as a chemical factory and stocked with preparations that may be expected to explode at any moment, was on fire. For three hours in dense, stifling smoke that made the interior as dark as the darkest night, and in acid fumes of burning chemicals, the firemen fought the stubborn blaze that refused to show itself but was none the less surely eating up the interior of the building in spite of the torrents poured on it from ten engines, water tower, the fireboat New Yorker and the highpressure service. When it was finally brought under control the building was completely gutted. In spite of the determined efforts of the firemen, who were constantly exposed to the risk of injury from exploding chemicals, the fire spread to the adjoining building and was not finally extinguished until damage to the amount of $150,000 had been done. The accompanying illustration shows the fire at its worst stage, the volumes of smoke issuing from the widow openings giving a faint idea of the conditions existing within the building.

Tires for Motor Apparatus.

The increasing use of automobile fire apparatus has brought the pneumatic tire question to the front. The ever-present possibility of a puncture or blowout makes such tires a source of constant worry, unless these tire emergencies are properly provided against. The new Firestone equipment reduces to a minimum such tire delays and at the same time permits faster time to be made with greater safety than heretofore possible. Dual pneumatic tires are used on the rear wheels and single pneumatic tires on the front wheels, all wheels being fitted with demountable rims. The dual pneumatic feature consists of two pneumatic tires mounted side by side on each of the rear wheels. Their use on the rear wheels gives wider treading surface than would be possible with only single tires, and also enables heavier loads being carried at greater speed. Non-skid treads are recommended for this service.

The demountable rims are the well-known Firestone quick-detachable type, by means of which already inflated extra tires are carried in readiness for instant substitution in case of tire mishaps.

A recent improvement to this rim is the safety locking ring (in grove at right of cut), so constructed as to absolutely prevent the rim from coming apart and releasing the tire, no matter how severe the strain.

The above cut illustrates a wheel with dual equipment.

This illustration shows appearance of the wheel after the outer tire and its rim have been removed. The operator has merely loosened eight nuts and slid off the damaged tire ready to substitute a fresh tire already inflated.

If the inner tire be the one injured, the wheel is jacked up, outer tire and rim removed, then the two removable band plates and center band are taken off and the inner tire and rim are ready to slide off the wheel. In putting on a fresh tire the operation is merely reversed. The demountable rims are interchangeable between the front and rear wheels and arc equally adapted to use on light apparatus using single pneumatic tires. The company calls particular attention to the quick-detachable feature, which makes easy work of removing, repairing and replacing tires on the spare rims. Literature may be had on request.

Eveready Helmets in Chicago.

A demonstration was conducted on May 5, at engine house No. 32 of the Chicago fire department, under the direct supervision of the chief of the first battalion, E. J. Buckley, at the request of Fire Marshal Horan, for the purpose of testing the Everready Smoke and Ammonia Helmet. A room, 12 by 15 feet, was filled with sulphur smoke by burning two pounds of sulphur on a charcoal brazier. Chief Buckley put the helmet on first and entered, remaining for 22 minutes without feeling any discomfort or smelling the sulphur in the least. He was next followed by Captain Bert E. Fisher, of hook and ladder No. 9, who remained for 40 minutes, after which Captain Michael S. Kerwin, of No. 32, donned the helmet, remaining for 35 minutes. Janies Keegan and James English, of engine No. 32, then put on the helmet, and remained for 30 and 20 minutes, respectively, and both of them reported that they had no trouble whatsoever in getting lots of air, nor did they smell the sulphur smoke in the least. This made a total, of the time worked in the helmet, of 2 hours and 27 minues, all of which was done on one charge, there being no extra chemical put in at any time during the test. The demonstration was considered remarkable by all present, which included about fifty representatives from various industries, chief among which were the gas companies and the engineers for the various packing companies, who realized that at last they had discovered a helmet which would overcome ammonia for their respective plants. What made the demonstration even more remarkable was the fact that the apparatus is only claimed to have a onehour capacity for work, and after the demonstration was over, and inspection of the purifying chemical showed that it was only partly worked out, and by a simple operation of cleansing the cartridges, the representative of the Servus Equipment Company, Newark, who are the makers of these helmets, soon had the helmet ready for further service. The Servus Equipment Company report that they have equipped 107 fire departments since December 1, 1909, with these helmets.

SERVUS EVEREADY HELMET

The Janney Steinmetz Tank.

The value of the high-pressure tank as a container for an explosive like gasoline is apparent in view of constantly recurring accidents. Gasoline as a liquid is highly inflammable. It vaporizes readily and in the form of gas is a constant menace unless properly handled. For this exacting service Janney, Steinmetz & Co., of Philadelphia, manufacture a cold-drawn, seamless steel tank, tin coated, and tested to 300 pounds, that seems well adapted to the purpose. While pure gasolene will not attack any metal, the heavy tinning of the tank is regarded as a positive safeguard against foreign substances liable to be found in the oil which attack some metals other than tin. We reproduce herewith a tank of the above description well suited to use on automoble apparatus. Direct lift and long distance storage outfits are also produced by this company. These outfits provide underground storage with self-draining pumps, and lessen the gasoline expense appreciably through nonevaporation and the purchase at wholesale rates. The storage tanks are of welded seamless steel, galvanized by the hot process, with heavy brass pumps. If the popularity of water storage tanks produced by this company is a proper criterion the success of their gasoline containers is assured.

THE JANNEY STEINMETZ TANK

Meetings to Come.

May 27-29.—Louisiana State Firemen’s Convention, Lafayette, La.

June 1.—Four-County Firemen’s Association, convention, Bethlehem, Pa.

June 1-3.—Georgia State Firemen’s Convention, Savannah, Ga.

June 1-4.—Engineers of Pennsylvania, Second Annual Convention; Harrisburg. Pa.

June 6-10.—Six County Firemen’s Convention, Shenandoah, Pa.

June 7-8.—Michigan State Firemen’s Association, convention. Bay City, Mich.

June 7-9.—Oklahoma State Firemen’s convention. Tulsa, Okla.

June 7-9. North Dakota Firemen’s Association, annual meeting. Bismarck, N. D.

June 8-10.—Maryland State Veteran Volunteer Firemen’s Convention, Baltimore, Md.

June 10-11.—Delaware County Firemen’s Association Convention, Sharon Hill, Pa.

June 16.—Hudson Valley Volunteer Firemen’s Association. Annual Meeting; Kingston. N. Y.

June 21-23.—South Carolina State Firemen’s Convention. Sumpter, S. C.

July 3.—Mil Waukesha County Firemen’s Association, annual tournament. Center City, Wis. June 22-25.—Northern Minnesota Firemen’s Association, annual tournament, Grand Rapids, Minn.

July.—Milwaukee-Waukesha County Firemen’s Association, Annual Tournament; Center City, Wisconsin.

July 4-5.—Southwestern Iowa Firemen’s tournament, Villisca, Ia.

July 4-7.—Northwestern Minnesota Firemen’s Tournament, Bemidji, Minn.

July 26-27.—Western New York Volunteer Firemen’s Association, eleventh annual convention. Lockport. N. Y.

July 26-28.—Central New York Firemen’s Association Convention, Auburn. N. Y.

July 26-28.—Nebraska State Firemen’s tournament, York, Neb.

August.—New York State Firemen’s Convention. Watertown, N. Y.

August 3-4.—C. O. S. Y. S. Firemen’s Association, Thirteenth Annual Convention; Phelps, N. Y.

August 8-13.—Western Pennsylvania Volunteer Firemen’s Association Convention. Carnegie. Pa. Aug. 3.—Ohio State Fire Chief’s convention, Toledo, Ohio.

August 16-18.—Wisconsin Paid Firemen’s Association. Annual Convention; La Crosse, Wis. Aug. 17-20.—National Firemen’s Association, twelfth annual convention, Rochester. N. Y. August 22.—New York State Fire Chiefs’ Meeting and Banquet. Syracuse, N. Y.

August 23-26.—International Association Fire Engineers’ Convention, Syracuse, N. Y.

August 24-26.—Virginia State Firemen’s Convention. Alexandria, Va.

September.—Massachusetts State Firemen’s Association’s Annual Convention. Westfield. Mass.

September 5.—Rhode Island State Firemen’s League Annual Muster. Manville. R. I.

September 6-9.—Association of Municipal Electricians Annual Convention. Rochester. N. Y.

September 21-23.—New England Water Works Association Convention. Rochester. N. Y.

October.—Pennsylvania State Firemen’s Convention. Altoona. Pa.

October.—Southern New York Volunteer Firemen’s Association, Freeport, L. I.

Louisiana Town Razed by Fire.

Lake Charles, a flourishing town in Calcasieu County, La., with many attractive buildings and a population of about 25,000, was almost completely reduced to ruins by a fire that broke out there one afternoon last week and had swept before nightfall over the greater part of the town, destroying hundreds of homes and all the principal public buildings and business structures. Various estimates place the amount of the loss at $800,000 to $3,000,000, the area swept by the fire being more than twenty blocks, and the people made homeless numbering some 2,000. The fire started in the old opera house soon after 4 o’clock in the afternoon, and was observed by the keeper of a soda-water stand near by, who sent a boy to fight the blaze with buckets of water while he went to the telephone to call the firemen. There was delay in getting the fire department, and when they arrived they realized that the job was too big for them and asked aid from several places within a radius of fifty miles, including Orange and Beaumont, Tex., and Jennings, La., the Southern Pacific Railroad placing special trains at the disposal of volunteers from the various cities, but they arrived for the most part too late to render effective service. To arrest the progress of the flames many buildings were razed by explosives, but this, while increasing the excitement, did not serve to stop the fire, which, fanned by a brisk breeze, swept rapidly over the doomed town, the destruction of the northern part of the business section being followed by the invasion of the residential district, where many beautiful homes were destroyed. The city hall, the handsome Calcasieu parish court house, with all the parish records; the Clair, the Walker, and the Waldon hotels, the Catholic convent and rectory, from which several hundred inmates were compelled to flee in haste, were successively the prey of the flames until the buildings burned amounted to several hundred, flying brands carrying the fire to remote sections of the town. The local firemen made a brave stand against the fire, but it soon became evident that their efforts were vain, no provision having been made for so sweeping a conflagration Our illustration gives an idea, somewhat inadequate, of the extent of the territory laid waste by the fire.

GAUGE SHOWING PRESSURE DURING FIRE AT LAKE CHARLES, I.A.

Two Bad Brooklyn Fires.

A double tenement in a section of Brooklyn, N. Y., largely occupied by Italians, was swept by fire from cellar to roof early one morning last week. The tenants made spectacular exits and replied in the affirmative to questions as to whether everybody had escaped. But when, the fire under control, the firemen went through the building to determine the damage, they found in a room on the top floor the bodies of an Italian, his wife and two young daughters, who had been suffocated and burned. The fire is believed to have been of incendiary origin, and several other tenants were removed by the firemen and police in the nick of time. The practice of the denizens of the Italian quarter of announcing an outbreak of fire by a fusillade of pistol shots came near having unpleasant consequences at this fire, police and firemen hurrying to the scene having heard the whistle of bullets in unpleasant proximity.

A practical instance of the danger that lurks in cellars filled with old packing cases, packing material, etc., such as arc common under so many stores in our cities, is likewise reported from Brooklyn, N. Y. The cellar under a shoe store, which occupied the ground floor of a tenement house, was used by the proprietor to store packing cases, surplus stock, etc., and here fire broke out one night last week. Captain Salleson, with Engine Co. 127, was first on the spot and led his men into the cellar to get at the source of the fire. He made his way to the meter to shut off the gas, when just as he reached it it exploded. hurling him unconscious to the floor and also rendering the men with him unconscious. Fortunately an engine and truck arrived just as the explosion occurred, and their captains, hearing that firemen were in the cellar, made their way in through smoke and escaping gas to the rescue, only to be overcome in turn, the condition of one, Capt. Hartman, of Truck 73, being so serious that his life was despaired of Other firemen dragged them out, and after receiving medical attendance some were sent home and some to the hospital. Although the fire did not get above the basement, the explosion of the meter and the news of the disaster to the firemen caused a panic among the tenants, and they fled to the street, many in their night clothes and carrying articles they valued. The disabling of the ten men and the threatening character of the fire caused the sending in of a second alarm, but the damage was not more than $1,000.

Training New York Firemen.

Before qualifying as firemen in the New York department it is necessary for all new men to receive a month of instruction and practice in a training school at fire headquarters. The school is in charge of Battalion Chief T. J. Larkin, who superintends the tests and passes upon the skill of the recruits, and is located in a yard back of headquarters. A five-story brick skeleton building, part of the regular headquarters, communicating by long corridors and furnished with an iron stairway, is the scene of their training. The outer walls are well equipped with ladders and scaling apparatus, a life net being placed at a height of about seven feet from the ground for the protection of any who may fall.

The first test for each new man is to demonstrate how quickly he can climb a ladder from basement to upper story, and his education will not be complete until he is able to do the five stories in less than half a minute. Then, two men are shown how to scale the same wall with a scaling ladder, and taught how to raise the ladder from floor to floor. Next they may be shown how to slide down a rope or descend a ladder from roof to ground carryng an unconscious burden. From this point on they are instructed in the use of fire axes, door openers, hose, nozzles and various apparatus. When they have attained to a fair degree of proficiency they are assigned to a station and taught to distinguish between the many kinds of alarms and signals. When, at the end of thirty days, they have mastered these accomplishments they are assigned to the regular force and real work commences.

Massachusetts State Firemen’s Association.

The date of the thirty-first convention of the Massachusetts State Firemen’s Association has recently been announced as September 21-23. Lowell will be the scene of operations. A meeting of the board of directors is to be held soon to lay plans for the proceeding of the assembly, and to the end that this year’s program may be of exceptional interest and benefit Secretary Burt has sent out a general alarm to the “firemen of the old Bay State.” He wants suggestions on whatever appeals to the individual member as being desirable for convention discussion. The secretary states that his request does not necessarily mean that those offering suggestions will be requested to write essays on the matter submitted, but that a list of subjects is desired to be utilized in a general way.

TWO VIEWS OF THE RUINS AT LAKE CHARLES, LA.

I. O. O. F. Building in Manchester Burns.

One morning last week while doughnuts were being fried _____ the kitchen of a restaurant on the ground floor of the Odd Fellows Building, in Manchester, N. H., the cook left the kitchen a few moments. In his absence the fat boiled over and a fire was well started when he returned. The five-story building was of brick, with a frontage of seventy-five feet on a fiftyfoot thoroughfare, Hanover street, and a depth of 100 feet. It was rebuilt about a year and a half ago and was equipped with standpipes. The alarm was turned in, presumably by the cook, by telephone, a box alarm coming immediately afterwards, but by the time the firemen arrived, which Chief Lane claims must have been half an hour after the fire started, the flames had travelled by way of two open elevator shafts from the basement to the roof, and the building was completely enveloped in flames. The chief mustered 9 engines with their tenders, a chemical engine and a combination hose and chemical wagon and four hook and ladder trucks. But with fourteen 6-inch double hydrants with suction-tipples, spaced at 330 feet, to draw on. supplied by an 8-inch main and furnishing a sufficient supply of wafer for the engines at 50 to 60 pounds hydrant pressure, gravity system, the best that could be done was to confine the fire to the building in which it started and protect the surrounding property on which a number of incipient fires were started by the showers of sparks and burning brands. The firemen had nineteen engine and two hydrant streams playing on the fire from 1 1/8-inch and 1 1/4-inch nozzles; two Eastman four-way deluge sets were also used. They stretched 13,800 feet of hose, of which three lengths burst. In spite of their hard work the interior of the building, as our illustration shows, was completely burned out, only the ruins of the walls being left standing. Two lives were lost in the fire. The janitor and his wife, asleep in their room on the fourth floor, could not be reached in time to arouse them, and their bodies were subsequently discovered in the ruins, the cross in the illustration showing the windows of the room in which they lost their lives. Chief Lane places the loss on building at $48,915; on contents, consisting of fraternity equipments, furniture in lodge rooms and offices and stock in stores, at $18,000.

CHIEF THOMAS H. LANE, MANCHESTER, N. H.REAR VIEW OF ODD FELLOWS HALL, MANCHESTER. X SHOWS PLACE WHERE TWO LIVES WERE LOST.

Knoxville Raises Fire Wage Scale.

The New budget for the city of Knoxville, Tenn., recently signed by Mayor Heiskell, provides for an increase in the pay of the city’s firemen that will relieve them from the stigma of being among the poorest paid of their class in any of the cities of the size of Knoxville. The chief will receive an increase of $15 per month, assistant chiefs. $10, and the majority of the privates, $5 per month. While answering an alarm of fire recently, steamer Joseph McTeer, of engine company No. 2, one of the heaviest machines in the service, skidded in turning a corner, and the wheels runnings into a deep gutter, it fell over on its side, spilling the crew on the sidewalk and suffering damage to the extent of about $200. One of the company riding on the seat with the driver was cut on the head and bruised; the driver and stoker escaped with scratches.

Fire Prevention From the Insurance Standpoint

Speaking recently on the subject of fire prevention from the underwriter’s point of view, C. L. Case said: “Rates arc now made on the socalled schedule plan, by which each risk is charged for its defects and credited with its good points. Every improvement in structure, equipment, fire extinguishing appliances, or occupancy that decreases the probability of a fire originating in the premises insured, or reduces the probability of a fire spreading, is duly credited in the making of the rate of premium. Any general improvement such as the recent high pressure system of water supply here in New York and Brooklyn is always followed by an equitable reduction in rates. One effective means of fire prevention in which the National Board of Underwriters has assisted at an expense of $80,000 is sending 387 incendiaries to the penitentiaries of different states. By reducing the fire loss we insurance companies can make more money for our shareholders—who require good business, and we can build up our reserves that we shall surely need to meet the next Baltimore or San Francisco incident. for these incidents recur, and must be provided for as much in the policyholders’ interest as in the shareholders’. The increasing area of buildings, the increasing height of buildings the introduction of dangerous processes, the inadequately controlled electric hazard, and the fact that cities outgrow their fire protection are operating to increase fire waste. Our loss ratio is still several times higher per person than that of any other country. We desire to deal fairly with the public, not only to meet legal obligations, but to do all we can to safeguard property, and incidentally lives, against this preventable fire peril.”

Water Waste in New York.

Addressing a meeting of the City Club in New York January last, soon after his appointment as a water commissioner, Professor Edward Bemis commented on the tremendous waste of water indicated by the average daily per-capita consumption in the greater city of 125 to 135 gallons. At the same meeting statistics were quoted by Thomas A. Fulton, showing that 200,000,000 gallons of the water supplied daily to New York’s population is not accounted for as used for any rational purpose, in other words, is wasted. The city of London, with nearly 5,000,000 inhabitants, uses 225,000,000 gallons of water a day, so that these figures would indicate that New York wastes every day almost as much water as London uses. even with the great increase in the city’s available water supply that the completion of the Ashokan dam and conduit promises, some plan of preventing this great waste is considered desirable and a system of universal meterage was proposed as practical and effective. New York now has in use in factories, laundries, hotels, large apartment houses, etc., about 200,000 meters, and it was proposed to make meterage universal. A hill to make the expense of installing meters for all services a charge against the city instead of against the property was introduced in the state assembly, at the instance of a board of trade in Brooklyn, and passed by that body. At a recent hearing on the bill given by Mayor Gaynor, however, a large delegation of property owners appeared in opposition and the measure was vetoed by the mayor.

FRONT VIEW OF ODD FELLOWS HALL MANCHESTER, AFTER FIRE.

Report of the Champaign Department.

Chief John Ely, of the Champaign, I11., fire department, gives some interesting statistics in his report for the year ending May 1, 1910. During that period there were 91 alarms, of which number 12 were false, 13 fires were from unknown causes, 11 from overheated furnaces, 10 from gasoline explosions, 21 from flues, 4 from electric wiring and 20 from miscellaneous causes. In extinguishing these fires the department worked 53 hours and 10 minutes, traveled 98 1/2 miles, laid 12,350 feet of hose, used 1,776 gallons of chemicals and raised 468 feet of ladders. The insurance involved amounted to $203,195, of which $7,898 was lost. The city has 192 fire hydrants, 159 of which are on company mains and 33 on city mains. There are also eight wells for use by fire engines. Of the 2,750 feet of 2 1/2-inch fire hose, all but 250 feet is in good condition. The average water pressure at fires is 85 pounds.

Fire in a lumber yard in Providence, R. I., could not be extinguished until firemen had worked twenty-eight hours and had laid, approximately, 10,000 feet of hose.

Meterage.

The waterworks of Springfield, Mass., supplying an estimated population in Springfield and Ludlow of 85,000, had in use, according to the report for the past year, 12,134 service taps. The number of meters in use was 6,876. The total consumption of water for the year was estimated at 3,871,788,600 gallons, of which 1,522,206,324 gallons, an estimated proportion of 39.32 per cent. was charged for by meter.

The makes of meters in use include Crown, Hersey, Nash. Trident, Keystone and Worthington.

The new schedule of water rates of Douglas, Okla., adopted in conjunction with the transfer of the water supply system to the ownership of the citv, contains a clause to the effect that each store, room or floor in a business building, where there are separate occupancies, must have separate connection, for independent water meter installation.

Water Commissioner Wright, of Fremont, Neb., states that the city is using now just half as much water as it used before the adoption of the meterage system, although the water department has more customers on its books at present than it ever had before.

Superintendent of Waterworks Phil. C. Carlin, of Sioux City, Ia., makes the statement that the consumption of water in that city last year was 49.9 gallons per capita. This is less than half as much as New York, Philadelphia, and some other large cities require and Superintendent Carlin attributes it to the fact that Sioux City has more metered services than most cities of its size. The number of meters in use is 4,901. Last year 369 were added and last year’s revenue from water rates was $8,482.26 more than the preceding year.

Columbus, Ind., has under discussion the installation of water meters, but the waterworks committee has decided that it will be advisable first to cleanse the mains of the sand and mud they are known to contain and which it is feared would prove very destructive to the mechanism of water meters. As soon as the mains have been cleaned and the filter put in shape so that no more sand can get into the mains the city will be ready for meters.

With 5,067 service taps, Fitchburg, Mass., has 3,504 meters in use. Of $81,060.63, the total revenue from water rates. $67,604.56 was received for metered water. The makes of meters the city has in use include Union Rotary, Empire, Crown, Thomson, Trident, Hersey Disc and Lambert.

Water Bids Opened.

ALBERT LEA, MINN.—Bids for the construction of water mains, contract for which was awarded to the Cook Construction Co., as announced in our issue of May 18, were as follows: Cook Construction Co., Des Moines, Iowa, $2,932.50; Thiel-Manning & Whalen Co., La Crosse, Wis., $3,606; August Geesler, Albert Lea, Minn., $3,669.70; Green Bros., Albert Lea, Minn., $3,809.47; W. D. Lovell, Minneapolis, Minn., $2,951.80; Tanner Bros., Minneapolis, Minn,, $2,932.50.

ANGOLA, IND.-A contract for waterworks extension has been awarded to S. B. Mansfield & Son, at $141.55; G. W. Bodley & Co. bid $159.35.

BREAUX BRIDGE, LA.—Contracts for materials to be used in the construction of a water system have been awarded as follows: United States Cast Iron Pipe and Foundry Co., pipe, $28.30 per ton, special castings, $55; the Fairbanks Co., valves and hydrants; the R. D. Cole Mfg. Co., tank and tower, $.3,595; Platt Iron Works Co., pump and boiler feeders, $1,534; Walsh & Weidner Boiler Co., boilers and steel settings, $1,769, and the Ahrens & Ott Mfg. Co., lead, hemp and supplies.

BILOXI, MISS.—The Contract for laying additional water mains has been awarded to the Cooper Greer Co., of Gulfport, at about $5,000.

BALTIMORE, MD.—The contract for erecting a brick and concrete gatehouse at the southeast section of the two high-service reservoirs has been awarded to Charles L. Stockhousen at $14,960.

CALGARY, ALTA, CAN.—The Alberta Iron Works has been awarded a contract for furnishing iron castings.

CALEDONIA, MINN.—The Harris Machinery Co., of Minneapolis, has been awarded a contract for furnishing a 20-horsepower automatic centcrcrank engine at $226.65. The only other bid was that of the Power Equipment Co., at $252. The contract for furnishing well pump complete has been awarded to the Keystone Driller Co., at $1,613.85.

CHICAGO, ILL.—Contracts for laying water supply pipes have been awarded to Malachy Murphy and Simon Ryan.

CHEROKEE, IA.—Swanson & Bosworth, of this city, have been a waded a contract for laying 1,000 feet of 6-inch pipe at 84 3/4c. per foot and for laying 2,200 feet of cast-iron pipe at 69 1/2c. per foot.

DALLAS, TEX.—Bids for furnishing 600 tons of 6-inch and 8-inch pipe and special castings have been opened as follows: American Cast Iron Pipe Co., $30 and $55 per ton; R. D. Wood & Co., $29.25; General Pipe & Foundry Co., $29.90 and $74.50; United States Cast Iron Pipe and Foundry Co., $28.90 and $50, and the Sheffield Cast Iron Pipe & Foundry Co., $28.50.

DALLAS, TEX.—Bids for hauling 5,325 tons of water pipe have been opened as follows: B. L. Haley, $1.07 per ton; J. R. Kendall, $1.97; Edwards & Gray, $1.25 and 80c.

EUSTIS, FLA.—Walton & Wagner, of Atlanta, Ga., have received the contract for constructing a waterworks system for the Eustis Water, Light & Power Co.

FALLSTONE, MD.—The contract for constructing waterworks at the Children’s Farm has been awarded to the Baltimore Cooperage Co.

FORT ROBINSON, NEB.—The Healy Plumbing & Heating Co., of St. Paul, Minn., has been awarded a contract for installing new boilers and machinery in the pump house, at $11,447.

HANCOCK, MICH.—Bids for the construction of reinforced concrete reservoirs have been opened as follows: Wick, O’Connell & Co., Houghton, Mich., $10,363; A. W. Anderson & Son, Houghton, $13,730; P. Beeman, Houghton, $11,274; Stroyle & Michels, Houghton, $14,391, and Verville Bros., Hancock, $12,057. The contract was awarded to Wick, O’Connell & Co.

JACKSON, MISS.—Layne & Bowler, of Houston, Tex., have been awarded a contract for drilling a well system. Improvements will involve an expenditure of $95,000.

JOHNSON CITY, TENN.—Twenty-one bids connected with the construction of a water system have been opened. The lowest were as follows: United States Cast Iron Pipe & Foundry Co., for 12 miles of 18-inch main. $139,897.50; Glamorgan Pipe Foundry Co., of Lynchburg, W. Va., for distributing system pipes. $22,402.56, and T. J. Dean, of Knoxville, Tenn., for constructing reservoir, $35,000. The lowest bidders on service pipe and fixtures, valves and hydrants, and wood pipe, were C. O. Biddle & Co., of Johnson City; the Rensselaer Mfg. Co., of Troy, N. Y., and Kelley & Abee, of Asheville. N. C.

MONT ALTO, PA.—The contract for the construction of a waterworks system at the state sanitorium for tuberculosis has been awarded to the Pitt Construction Co., of Pittsburg, at $19.967; W. G. Fritz & Bro., of York, Pa., bid $22,348.70, and the Bratton Co., of Philadelphia, $22,431.

MEDFORD, ORE.—The Jacobsen-Bade Co., of Portland, has been awarded a contract for laying six miles of water mains.

NORTH BATTLEFORD, SASK., CAN.—The Canada Iron Corporation, Ltd., has received the contract for supplying cast-iron pipes for the waterworks extension. The Canada Foundry Co. will furnish hydrants and valves. Wm. Newman & Co., of Winnipeg, was awarded the contract for trenching, laying pipes, and filling.

NEW YORK CITY.—Bids for furnishing, delivering and laying high-pressure fire service mains in the Gowanus and South Brooklyn districts have been opened as follows: The Cranford Co., $497,697; James H. Holmes, $523,974; Haggerty & Drummond, $537,338; F. U. Smith Contracting Co., $557,062; Murphy Bros., $555,217, and Michael J. Dady, $625,042.

OAKLAND, ILL.—The contract for the construction of a water plant, including a steel standpipe of 110 feet and 50,000 gallons capacity, has been awarded to the National Co., of South Bend, Ind.

O’KEENE, OKLA.—The contract for the construction of a system here has been awarded to the Southwestern Engineering Co., at approximately $30,000.

SILVER CITY, N. C.—A. J. Bean will construct a system of waterworks.

SAUK CENTRE. MINN.—Bids for laying three blocks of water mains have been submitted by G. Hillerud & Co., for $1,492 and by O. H. Schleusener, for $1,249 and the contract awarded to the latter.

TORONTO, CAN.—Ryan & Reilly, of Philadelphia, have received a contract for constructing a syphon under the Dow, at $46,000,

UTICA, N. Y.—John M. Holler, of Albany, N. Y., has received a contract, at $4,396, for fire protection water piping at the state hospital.

WASHINGTON, D. C.—Bids have been opened by the purchasing agent of the Isthmian Canal Commission, as follows: Manning, Maxwell & Moore, New York city, two portable pumps, $1,582.60, $1,741.60 and $1,789.54; 1,500 feet of double galvanized spiral riveted pipe, $511.50; six 45-degree ells, $8.40, and six 90-degree ells, $8.40. Abendroth & Root Mfg. Co., Newburgh, N. Y., 1,500 feet galvanized pipe, $547.20; six 45degree ells, $5.88; six 90-degree ells, $6.72, and three cast-iron reducers, $6. Blackall & Baldwin Co., New York city, two portable pumps, $1,870.

WACO, TEX.—Bids for the construction of a pumping station in East Waco have been opened as follows: J. S. Harrison, $13,900; E. Nelson, $13,975; J. E. Johnson, $14,255, and P. A. Harris, $14,739. The contract was awarded to the first named.

WASHINGTON, D. C.—Bids for furnishing 192 feet of 36-inch cast-iron pipe in 12-foot length, have been opened by the purchasing officer of the Isthmian Canal Commission, as follows: Edwin Burhorn, New York city, 21 1/4 cents per pound, weight 77,800 pounds; Lynchburg Foundry Co., Lynchburg, Va., $2.18 and $3.30 per pound, weight 120,000 pounds, and R. D. Wood & Co., Philadelphia, 2.2 cents and 1.7 cents, weight 9,000 pounds.

The following bids were rejected.

MOUNT ALTO, PA.—For constructing steel tank.

MOUNTAIN VIEW, OKLA.—Furnishing materials for waterworks, sewer and electric light plant.

NORTH YAKIMA, WASH.—For constructing 40 miles of sublaterals.

Fire Bids Opened.

ALBANY, N. Y.—For furnishing 12 fire alarm boxes. Fred Pierce Co., bid $95 each, and the Gamewell Fire Alarm and Tel. Co., $100 each.

ATLANTA, GA.—The contract for erecting two new engine houses has been awarded to George A. Clayton, at $12,000 each.

DOVER. DEL.—The Wilmington Brass Works has been awarded a contract for furnishing a chemical engine, at $721.

GULFPORT, MISS.—A contract for supplying 2,500 feet of fire hose has been awarded to the Fabric Fire Hose Co., at $1 per foot. Bids were also submitted by the Anderson Coupling and Supply Co., of Kansas City; the Manhattan Rubber Mfg. Co., and the Eureka Fire Hose Mfg. Co., of New York.

HAMILTON, OHIO.—Bids for furnishing one 75foot auto aerial ladder truck have been opened as follows: American-La France Fire Engine Co., Elmira, N. Y., $5,200 and the Seagrave Co., Columbus, Ohio, $5,300.

JERSEY CITY, N. J.—The contract for a new automatic raising aerial truck has been awarded to the American-La France Fire Engine Co., at $4,900.

PASSAIC, N. J.—Contracts for fire equipment have been awarded as follows: Webb Motor Fire Apparatus Co., one motor combination chemical pumping engine with 40-gallon chemical tank, at $7,500; Knox Automobile Co., one motor combination chemical apparatus, at $4,759; Pope Motor Car Co., one auto combination chemical apparatus, at $4,800; and the Scagrave Co., chassis for truck No. 1, at $5,500 and for truck No. 2, at $5,000.

NORFOLK, VA.—Bids for the construction of a fire and police station have been opened, as follows: Jesse Johnson, $19,350; Walker Construction Co., $19,694; J. H. Pierce, $20,300; Seay Bros., $18,850; J. D. Anders, $17,977; East & Hobbs, $18,950; J. W. Davis, $19,748.50; R. H. Richardson & Co., $17,963; J. W. Jones, $18,000. All were returned as only $15,000 had been appropriated for the purpose.

STEF.LTON, MICH.—A contract for building two hose reel houses has been awarded to Thomas Anderson.

VALLEY STREAM. N. Y.—The contract for the construction of a new hose house has been awarded to George S. De Mott.

YONKERS, N. Y.—The contract for furnishing two motor hose and chemical engines has been awarded to James Boyd & Bro., Inc., of Philadelphia, and not to the Boyd Mfg. Co., as noted in our last issue.

Costly Fire at Spartanburg.

On April 22 the Spartanburg Inn, one of the most imposing buildings in Spartanburg, S. C., occupying a plot of about 200 square feet and facing the principal street, was totally destroyed by fire. The building was three and a half stories high and poorly constructed. It was erected some thirty years ago by convict labor, with no fire walls or sprinkling system. The thin partition walls separating the center building, or hotel proper, from the wings, offered no resistance to the flames, and it was early seen that the structure was doomed. A telephone call at 3:35 a. m. summoned the department to the scene of the fire, which was only two blocks from headquarters. The fire originated in the top story of the right wing and flames were already bursting through the roof. Chief Kennedy and his men at once directed their efforts to preventing the spread of the blaze, and were successful in confining it to the original structure involved, although the terrific heat cracked heavy plate glass windows across the 85-foot roadway. Six lines of hose were laid from hydrants 300 to 500 feet apart, 3,000 feet being stretched in all, one length of which was burned. The hydrant pressure was 60 to 90 pounds, with the engine carrying 135 pounds.

AT RIGHT SIDE THE ONLY PART OF STRUCTURE STANDING IS SHOWN. FROM BUILDING MARKED X TWO EFFECTIVE STREAMS WERE THROWN WHICH STOPPED THE FIRE.

The right wind and the flimsy nature of the building soon caused the flames to envelope the whole line, and although no lives were lost there was a narrow escape in one case. When the fire was at its height a man was discovered on the third floor of the main structure, surrounded by smoke and flame and about to jump. In this emergency there was no time to raise a long ladder, and following the chief’s directions a straight ladder to the second floor with a roof ladder from the second to the third floor were run up, and the imperiled guest brought safely to the ground. The lower floors of the wings were occupied by stores, and with the exception of $15,000 insurance on stock carried by the various merchants, the property is a complete loss. The total loss is estimated at $100,000, which is an appreciable sum to be blotted from the realty wealth of a town of 13,000 population. Chief Kennedy characterizes the Inn fire as the most difficult with which he has had to contend since taking charge of the department. On Tuesday of the following week an alarm from box 34, received at 4 o’clock in the morning, called the department to a fire on Union street. Three houses were in flames when the fire forces arrived. By determined effort on the part of the firemen the fire was confined to these buildings and a loss of only $5,000, with insurance of $2,000, ensued. The illustrations are made from photographs taken specially for FIRE AND WATER ENGINEERING.

Spectacular Blaze on Jersey Heights.

While a company of a New Jersey National Guard regiment was drilling in the big dancing navilion of the Schuetzen Park on top of the Palisades at Union Hill, N. J., fire started, probably from an overheated stove in the kitchen, and in a few minutes the great structure, 200x 300 feet, built of wood and dry as tinder, was a mass of flames. The blaze attracted the volunteer firemen of Union Hill, West Hoboken, North Bergen and other hamlets in the vicinity and they ran to the scene with their hand-operated apparatus, but there was very little water, and what there was the firemen used to advantage in the protection of adjacent buildings, so that the big pavilion was practically left to burn itself out. One of the buildings threatened was an old peoples’ home, from which the aged and feeble inmates were removed to buildings outside the danger zone. The “Tower,” a stone structure in which were stored the prizes to be contended for at the approaching marksmen’s tournament to be held by the association, and at which President Taft has promised to be present, was saved by the volunteers, as was likewise the big shooting gallery in which the contests will be held. The blaze illuminated the surrounding country vividly and the foreign element in lower New York was thrown into a panic, believing that Halley’s comet had run into the earth and that the end of the world was at hand.

Good Work of the Fire Patrol Appreciated.

The following letter from a firm of manufacturers in New York, explains itself and calls for no comment;

“Office of Alden Sampson & Sons, manufacturers of floor oil cloths, 58-60 Reade street.

“New York, May 7, 1910. “Secretary of the Fire Patrol, New York Board of Underwriters, 32 Nassau street, New York City.

“Dear Sir—We wish to convey to you an expression of our gratification at the action of your patrol company. No. 1, at the fire which took place in our building last night. Although the fire apnaratus was at the fire within a minute and a half after the alarm was given, Captain Johnston and his men entered our place and covered all of our property without the slightest damage to any of our furniture or fixtures; they removed an oil portrait that was hanging on the wall, covered it with tarpaulins, and placed it in safety without even chipping the gilt frame on it, and the entire handling of the matter was so thorough and efficient that they have undoubtedly saved us from a very serious loss, not only to our stock, but on our furniture and fixtures. As an earnest of our appreciation of their good work, enclosed we send you a check for $50, to the order of the fire patrol relief fund. Will you kindly convey our compliments and thanks to the members of the company, and oblige, Very truly yours, Alden Sampson & Sons. Henry Sampson, jr., secretary.”

GENERAL VIEW OF RUINS, SPARTANBURG, S. C.

Denver Fire Protection.

A recent issue of “Denver Municipal Facts,” a weekly publication of the city of Denver, Colo., comments, with justifiable elation, on the excelience of the fire-protective service that that city enjoys. Wide, well kept, level streets, affording plenty of room for the rapid movement of the apparatus; an excellent fire alarm system, and suitable provision, by means of signals and strictly enforced city ordinances, insuring the right of way to the fire department in crossing streets, etc., with the least possible risk of danger or obstruction from traffic, all contribute to the promptness with which alarms of fire are answered. To this quick work may doubtless be ascribed in large part the successful work of the Denver firemen. According to the publication in question in five years not a single fire has extended beyond the building in which it originated. The reason lies in the systematic training the Denver fireman undergoes and the seriousness with which he takes this preparation. At the drill tower there is nearly always some company engaged in the practice of the feats of strength and skill that enter so extensively into the routine of the fireman’s work. At regular intervals he gets “turn-out” exercise, in which the horses, of course, participate, while the practical and scientific utilization of “deluge” streams is another item in his education. In other words, he is taught systematically to handle himself and his apparatus to the best advantage, and as a consequence he is thoroughly confident in the capabilities of himself and his tools under all circumstances. The results accomplished by Denver under-the watchful supervision of Chief T. F. Owens constitute an example that many other cities might with profit follow, for if there is one calling in which more than another “preparedness” and “know how” are invaluable accomplishments it is that of a fireman. The work of the Denver fire department demonstrates that its members have successfully cultivated both qualifications.

Melrose Veterans Burned Out.

A blaze, fought by members of the New York department and many old veteran volunteers. threatened to destroy the headquarters of a retired volunteer company, known as Protection No. 5, of Melrose. A model of the old engine, which is used by the veterans’ sons and grandsons in parades, was destroyed, but the historic old apparatus, built in 1872, was saved.

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