Fire Service of Alexandria, Egypt
Chief E. T. Waller, of the Alexandria, Egypt, fire brigade, who attended the chiefs’ convention in New York last Fall, in his annual report for 1913, presents the following information: Alexandria has a population of 500,000. There were 268 alarms during the year for 218 fires. There were 7 false alarms with malicious intent and 13 with good intent. There were 22 stop calls, which means that the fire was out when the department arrived. The brigade alone extinguished 172 fires. The largest number of fires, 113, occurred in dwellings; the next largest, 17, ire bakeries, eleven in rubbish, nine each ire grocery stores, cafes, and cotton presses, four each in oil stoves and draperies, three each in hotels, tailor shops, sheds and restaurants, two in eleven and one each in 35 other kindsof places. There were 186 days when there were no alarms, 108 days when there was only one alarm, 56 days with two, 13 days with three and 3 days with four alarms. The most fires were between 7 and 8 P. M., and the least number between 5 and 6 and 7 and 8 A. M. There were five fires that required the use of three or more engines. A theatre fire would not have been as large as it was had the manager, who was in the building at the time, dropped the fire curtain. The six engines and one fire boat were in service a total of 103 hours, and about 2,366,845 gallons of water was pumped, approximately 11.667 tons. The “Brigade Call” or test alarmwas sent in 19 times. The brigade saved 12 persons, 6 males and 6 females. and there were three deaths, one man and two women. The principal causes for fires were: 36, unknown; 35, lights thrown down; 31, cigarettes; 17, upset oil lamp; 17, sparks from stove; 14, explosion of kerosene oil lamp, and 10, matches in cotton. The total loss within the brigade aeria was $237,165, of which amount $28,690 was on buildings and $208,145 on contents. The total value of the property at risk was $12,620,920, and it was insured for $8,767,250. The brigade consists of 144 officers and men. The apparatus consists of six steam fire engines, one fire boat, two hand or manual engines, one motor chemical and first aid extension ladder combined, one 82-foot aerial ladder with water tower, three hand fire escapes, two applience vans, fbur hand hose reels, fourteen Pompier ladders, one chemical combination van, ten chemical extinguishers and 7 miles and 425 yards of hose, of 2 3/4 and 3 1/4-inch diameter. Firemen detailed for theatre patrol are paid by the theatres. Nine men received rewards for meritorious service during the year, and five of them received rewards two years in succession.