FIRES IN MILLS IN 1895.
SOME interesting statistics have just been published as to mill fires in 1895, of which there were 308 against 296 in 1894, 307 in 1893, 290 in 1892, 319 in 1891,and 322 in 1890— the average for 1895 being 13 fires above that of the preceding ten years. Of the fires of 1895, 279 were in the United States and 29 in Canada; 5 were in corn mills; 3 in oatmeal mills; and 1 in a buckwheat mill. Except in 31 cases, every fire involved over $1,000 damage, and in too many instances there was either no fire protection provided—as was the case with 18 mills, which depended altogether on the local fire department— often far distant—or it was provided in the meagre form of hand grenades (in 3 mills) or barrels of salt water and buckets (in 58 mills). Ten mills were supplied with a standpipe and hose; 11 with pumps and hose; and 5 with automatic sprinklers. And as the number of mill fires was greater in 1895, so was the amount of loss, which exceeded that of 1894 by about $68,000, while the insurance was about $122,000 less than in the twelve months preceding. Both losses and insurance, however, may have been greater or less in 1895 than in 1894, as in 52 cases the loss was not reported; in 44 the insurance was not given; while 29 mills were reported as not insured. The losses were, in 1895,for 308 fires $2,472,593 with an insurance of $1,780,589; in 1894, for 296 fires—losses, $2,404,539; insurance, $1,907,200. Of the fires in 1895, 17 occurred in water mills; 35, in mills where water and steam were combined; 83, in mills with steam power,and 3, in mills run by gas engines. I11 no case was a single fire traceable to tht water power plant. The Gulf States showed 13 against 11 fires in 1894; the New England States, 10 against 10; and the three Pacific States 9 against 1. Out of 180 fires (reported at the time each took place) 1 21 occurred between 6 p. m. and 6 a. m., and 59 in the daytime, lit 145 cases the construction of the property was given as follows; 102 wood; 25 brick; 9 stone; 5 stone and wood; and 4 brick and wood, l ive fires started in the cupola and 14 in the upper story, some of which were caused by sparks from locomotives and nearby smokestacks. Of the other fires, 2, started on first floor; 2, on roller floor; 12, on second story; 8, on third story; 15, in basement; 4, in office; 3, in bran room; 1 in dust room; 2,in the wheat sink ; 1, in elevator-boot; 3, in elevator-head; 2, receiving pulley; 2, scourer; 1, smut machine; r,wood en pulley; 1, spouting; 1, bolting chest; 1, coal shed; 3, pump room; 10, engine room; 8 boiler room; 3, roof of boiler room; 1, under steamgenerator; 1, in rubbish outside mill; 1, in dust from separation; and 1, in car on side track.