FOR IDLE MOMENTS.
Thomas Kelly of Keokuk, Ia., writes that evidences of a preglacial river have been found, which in earlier ages drained Lake Michigan westward into what is now the Mississippi river. Some of the places where this river run are covered by nearly two hundred feet of deposit, but the silt which occupies the river’s bed is black, and contains shells which show remains of earlier animal life, probably before men lived on this planet.
Statistics regarding the tides in the Bay of Fundy are so startling as to seem almost incredible. At Grand Manan the fall is from twelve to fifteen feet, at Lubec and Eastport twenty feet, at St. John from twenty four to thirty feet, at Moncton, on the bend of the Fetitcodiac, seventy feet, while the distance between high and low water mark on the Cobequid river is twelve miles, the river actually being twelve miles longer at high than at low water. Vessels can be run up so far on the flood in this river and in the Avon that the ebb will leave them high and dry for sixteen hours, so that they can be repaired between tides.
Six New Yerk departments, the police, fire, charities and correction, education, public works and street cleaning cost for maintenance more than $2,000,000 a year.
Wild geese and wild ducks show knowledge as to the resistance of the atmosphere, and sagacity in overcoming it. When flocks of them have to go long distances they form a triangle to cleave the air more easily, and the most courageous bird takes position at the forward angle. As this is a very fatiguing post another bird ere long takes the place of the exhausted leader. Thus they place their available strength at the service of the society.
It is now established that flowers and the perfumes distilled from them have a salutary influence, and constitute a therapeutic agency of high value, and that residence in a perfumed atmosphere forms a protection from pulmonary affections and arrests phthisis. In the town of La Grasse, France, where the making of perfumes is largely carried on, phthisis is unknown.
Sunflower stalks are now converted into paper.
U. S. Comptroller of Currency J. H. Eckels says that between May 4 and October 4. 1803, withdrawals of individual deposits in national banks alone were $299,000,000, and of banks and bankers’ deposits to the amount of $79,000,000, a total of $378,000,000. To meet this drain the banks were compelled to call in loans, thus depleting the resources of active trade to the extent of $318,000,000, and from banks and bankers to the amount of $51,000 000, while to their borrowings was added $37,000,000.
A well-known geologist has computed the earth’s age on the basis of experiments made on the effects of heat and pressure on certain rocks. He concludes that the earth’s age as a planet is 24,000,000 years.
By the use of machinery in the great grain farms of the Northwest, it is estimated that one man can produce grain enough to support tooo inen for a year.
The hottest mines in the world are the Comstock. On the lower levels the heat is so great that the men cannot work over ten or titteen minutes at a time. Every known means of mitigating the heat have been tried in vain. Ice melts before it reaches the bottom of the shafts.
Tariff was originally the name of a Moorish chief who, having a port in Spain, near Gibraltar, was accustomed to levy toll on passing vessels. His toll became a regularly understood thing, and the amount was added to the price of the goods.
The most extensive and celebrated salt mine in the world is at Wielieki, nine miles from Cracow in Galicia, a province of Austria-Hungary. It has been worked continuously for 600 years,
There were but three steamboats on the lakes sixty years ago.