FOR THE BETTER AVOIDANCE OF FIRE-RISKS.
James G. Wallace, commissioner of buildings of New York city, has issued the following circular to the construction and special Inspectors of the department of buildings.:
July 11, 1901.
“To the Construction and Special Inspectors of the Department of Buildings:
“ You are hereby notified that on and after this date sections 64 and 65 of the Building Code relating to chimneys, flues, fireplaces, and heating pipes must be strictly enforced by all inspectors, and any failure to so enforce said sections or any deviation from the strict requirements thereof will be followed by instant suspension and dismissal.
“ ‘ SECTION 64—TRIMMER ARCHES.
“ ‘All fireplaces and chimney breasts where mantels are placed, whether Intended for ordinary fireplace or not, shall have trimmer arches to support hearths.
“’And the said arches shall be at least twenty inches in width, measured from the face of the chimney breast, anil they shall be constructed of brick, stone or burnt clay.
“‘The length of a trimmer arch shall be not less than the width of the chimney breast.
Wood centres under trimmer arches shall be removed before plastering the ceiling underneath.
If a heater Is placed in a fireplace then the hearth shall be the full width of the heater.
“Ail fireplaces in which heaters are placed shall have incombustible muntels.
“No wood mantel or other woodwork shall be exposed back of a summer piece; the iron work of the summer piece shall be placed against the brick or stonework of the fireplace.
“ ‘No fireplace shall be closed with a wood fire board.
“ ‘SECTION 65—CHIMNEY’S, FI.DES, AND FIREPLACES.
“‘All fireplaces and chimneys in stone or brick walls in any building hereafter erected, except as herein otherwise provided, and any chimney or flues hereafter altered or repaired, without reference to the purpose for which they may be used, shall have the joints struck smooth on the inside, except when lined ou the inside with pipe.
“ ‘No parging mortar shall be used on the inside of any fireplace, chimney or flue.
“’The fire backs of all fireplaces hereafter erected shall lie not less than eight inches in thickness, of solid masonry.
“ ‘ When a grate is set in a fireplace, a lining of firebrick, at least two inches in thickness, shall be added to the fire-back, unless soapstone, tile or cast iron is used, and filled solidly behind with fireproof material.
“ ‘ The stone or brickwork of the smoke flues of all boilers, furnaces, bakers’ ovens, large cooking ranges, large laundry stove?, and all flues used for a similar purpose shall be at least eight inches in thickness, and shall he capped with terra cotta, stone or cast iron.’
“JAMES G. WALLACE, Commissioner of Buildings Boroughs of Manhattan and the Bronx.”