A score of men and women were injured and many members of a mob of 2,000 striking furniture workers and sympathizers were hurt in a riot at the plant of the Widdicomb Furniture Company in Grand Rapids, Mich., recently. Several of the injured may die. After a fierce battle with revolvers, clubs, stones and missiles of almost every description, in which the policy were badly beaten, a fire engine company attacked the mob with streams of water, and succeeded in quelling the disturbance to a certain extent. Many women were active among the rioters. The trouble started when a mob of about 300 men, women and boys attacked a closed automobile driven by Ralph Widdicomb, of the furniture company, who was taking several strikebreakers from the factory. A squad of reserves was rushed to the scene and soon began firing, and the fire was returned by the rioters. Several police officers were knocked senseless by missiles hurled by women. Mayor Ellis made a fruitless attempt to quell the riot before the fire department was summoned. A terrific battle ensued as the firemen began to lay their lines. The mob was finally broken up and the strikebreakers were spirited away.

With the order of a prearranged fire drill, 1,300 pupils marched out of the Eighteenth avenue public school in Newark, N. J., last week, many of them past a roaring tongue of flame that had sprung from a wrench spark and a leaking gas pipe. The children broke ranks in the street only when the cry of “fire!” alarmed their parents, and frightened mothers poured into the streets to claim loved ones. The defective pipe was supposed to have been turned off a year ago. John O’Brien, janitor of the school, was investigating the leak to-day, and, finding it at the joint, he attempted to tighten the coupling. A spark from the wrench in his hand started the blaze. The alarm was sounded by Marry Marks, truant officer, who was entering the main door of the building. S. Erwin Mann ess, principal of the school, sounded the alarm in the building, monitors took their places, at word from the teachers, and when Patrolmen Heitzenroeder, Arnold and John Brown arrived from the Fourth Precinct Station, a block away, the children were quietly descending the stairs. The patrolmen shouted that there was no danger. The entire school, including the annex, where there were 500 more pupils, was dismissed without indication of excitement.

The Baltimore, Md., Star says: “Baltimore’s fire department was never at a higher state of efficiency than to-day. The board of fire commissioners and Chief Horton have been working indefatigably to this end, and their efforts have been uniformly successful. Only recently there has been installed a card index fire alarm signal system at headquarters, and every firehouse, whereby the location of every piece of apparatus is easily ascertainable, and their movements at successive alarms of fire are indicated so clearly that there cannot be the slightest confusion anywhere in the department. Within a few months the high pressure pipe line service in the business section will be in operation. The new fireboat, made in accordance with plans worked out in the department, is a veritable triumph of efficiency, and, with the pipe line system at work, no city in the world will have better fire protection than Baltimore. It is particularly pleasant to be able to point to excellent administration in this department at a time when the fire board, than which no city commission has abler or more earnest workers, is being subjected to a criticism as apparently venomous as it is assuredly undeserved.”

In a recent issue of the Syracuse Herald, the following, in connection with the proposed new fire alarm system appears: “It looks very much as if, after two years of delay in supplying Syracuse with a new fire alarm system, an inferior system is to be installed. In its local columns yesterday, the Herald threw some interesting light on this subject. There seems to be substantial ground for the allegation that the ordinance relating to the matter recently adopted by the board of aldermen not only permits, but invites the installation in this city of a central fire-alarm system which has been condemned by the National Board of Underwriters. This matter will bear looking into. There are unpleasant rumors afloat in connection with it. Whether these are true or not, the well-nigh unanimous judgment of our people will be that if Syracuse is to acquire a new fire alarm system, she should get the best. And if the wili is not lacking, a way can be found to do it.”

According to the Government Geological Survey Chicago was the leading city in the cost of wooden buildings in 1969, reporting a total of $13,538,880. San Francisco was second with a total of $12,257,683. Reading was the only city mat reported no wooden buildings erected. New York reported 823 permits for buildings of wood, costing $3,697,555, an average cost of $4,492. These were almost entirely in the borough of the Bronx In Philadelphia only twenty-four new wooden buildings were erected, at a total cost of $38,000. New York reported the construction of fire-resisting buildings at a cost of $181,918,337, or 27.78 per cent, of the total for this class of structures. Chicago was second with a cost of $79,105,000, or 12.08 per cent, of the total. New York was the leading city iu new brick buildings and reported a cost of $151,832,438, or an average of $60,395 a building; Brooklyn was second with $51,747,760, an average of $6,564; Chicago was third with $51,145,400, an average cost of $8,581; and Philadelphia fourth with $30,653,580, an average cost of $2,956. In stone buildings Chicago was the leading city and reported 83.69 per cent, of all erected and 57.08 of the cost of these buildings, with an average cost of $7,965. New York was second with an average cost of $111,677. San Francisco was third with an average cost of $149,086. The leading city in the number and cost of concrete buildings was Chicago, which reported 519 buildings, costing $9,894,800, or 32.31 per cent, of the cost of all concrete buildings. The city ranking second in cost of concrete buildings was Seattle, which reported $2,872,400, or 9.38 per cent, of the total, followed closely by Philadelphia with $2,014,300, or 6.58 per cent, of the total.

Minneapolis is about to rehabilitate its fire department, and for that purpose the city sent Chief Ringer out on an observation tour. The chief paid a visit to Seattle, Spokane, Tacoma, Portland, Vancouver, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Winnipeg and other cities which are known to have up-to-date departments. In connection with the street gongs, a system of electric flashlights at downtown corners, which are to attract attention nights during a fire will be considered by Chief Ringer. In Vancouver. B. C., the chief inspected the motor-driven fire apparatus for which that city is famous, leading all America in that respect. Chief Ringer has an idea of combining a system of street gongs and lights, high pressure waterpower by direct service from a central station, which is to furnish the special power needed during a big fire, in place of the fire steamers, and motor-driven hose and ladder trucks. In Winnipeg, a central plant furnishes the high pressure for fire purposes. The engine which supplies the pressure is not in service for domestic purposes at any time and always ready for fire uses. The system is so satisfactory in Winnipeg that steamers have never been deemed necessary. Chief Ringer will urge the city council to purchase four pieces of motordriven apparatus, and will make many other SIIBgestions based upon what he has found of special importance in the cities visited.

James R. Canterbury, former fire chief of Minneapolis, Minn., was found not guilty of grand larceny in the first degree in the Hennepin county district court. Mr. Canterbury practically was carried out of the court house by his friends following the verdict, which was accompanied by loud cheering. Mr. Canterbury was accused of purchasing a lot in Minneapolis after he had learned that the city wanted a repair shop site for the fire department and had voted so in a committee meeting, of which the fire chief was a part. The property w-as purchased bv Mr. Canterbury from the Connecticut Mutual Life Insurance Companv for $6,000 on the nnr tial payment plant. The deed was duly filed. Then he sold the land to Mrs. Sarah Guile, a relative for $6,500, and the deed was filed. Next Mrs. Guile sold it to the city for $9,000. It was the contention of the city that Mrs. Guile was used as a blind to cover up the Canterbury ownership. When the trial came on the defense denied this, bringing evidence tending to show that former City Attorney Frank Healy, who had testified he knew nothing of the various deeds filed, did know of the deeds, and through him, the city’s agent, the city knew that Mr. t anterbury formerly owned this site, thus eliminating false pretenses. Furthermore, Attorney Albert H. Hall and Ins assistant, John Bernhagen, introduced evidence that in the deal with Mrs. Guile Mr. Canterbury made a purely business transaction at a gain of $500, and that he had nothing t0 do with the sale of the property to the city, this doing away with the agency.

A tire patrol of Seattle, with careful inspection of all buildings and an accurate record of the information obtained, will be provided for in a recodification of the ordinances, as agreed on recently by the mayor and the safety committee of the city council. Under the plan of patrol the firemen of each district will make inspections of the buildings. In this manner not only will conditions of the buildings be ascertained, but the firemen will become familiar with the interiors of all the buildings within their districts. This fire patrol and inspection will be under the charge of the fire marshal, who will report daily to the fire chief. Records will be made in dupli cate and one copy sent to the building superin tendent. Where necessary changes will be noted and ordered made, and the condition and adequacy of fire escapes and standpipes will be recorded, and ordinances pertaining to the unloading and handling of high explosives will be redrawn so as to provide specific places for the unloading of dynamite and other combustibles. An ordinance also will be drawn regulating the toring of fireworks.

There is a proposition up before the councilmen of the city of Tampa, Fla., and it is being vigorously pushed to eliminate all shingle roofs, not only in the so-called fire district but in the entire city. A meeting was held this week, and a committee appointed to frame up the proposed ordinance for the consideration of the council. The Tampa fire department is behind the proposition, and there is every indication that Tampa will at an early date be conflagration proof, so far as shingle roofs are concerned. It will be a long step forward. The shingle roof should be outlawed in all cities, particularly in the South, where the long, hot summers render them more combustible than where the humidity is greater during the hot season. The Tampa fire department is in splendid condition, being equipped with two steamers, three auto combination chemical and hose wagons, and other apparatus. There is a direct water pressure of fifty pounds normal, of which is raised to ninety pounds during a fire. There is an ample supply of artesian water for fire fighting purposes.



R. J. Firestone, sales manager of the Firestone Tire & Rubber Co., is making an extended tour of the Western and Pacific Coast branches in the interests of Firestone tires and demountable rims.

St. Louis firemen are trying to get an increase in salaries. They are now paid $95 a month, or $1,140 a year. In New York and Brooklyn they get $1,400 a year, in San Francisco $1,440, and in Chicago $1,247. Newark and Jersey City each pay their firemen $1,300 a year. Boston firemen get $1,200, but Philadelphia only allows its fire fighters $1,100, or $10 a year less than St. Louis.

At a special meeting of the borough council of Ashley, Pa., it was decided to purchase two twowheeled hose carts of the Eureka Fire Hose Co. The chief of the fire department and the street commissioner was directed to test the new hose as soon as possible. The secretary was authorized to communicate with the Spring Brook Water Supply Co. requesting a stronger pressure in case of fire.

The Kentucky Inspection Bureau is sending out, with all matter which goes to property owners, a red card containing the following superscription . “Water barrels and buckets for fire purposes.—Barrels and buckets should be painted red and labeled ‘For fire only.’ Barrels should be kept full at all times and provided with covers. Buckets should be of the round-bottom type and kept at the barrels.

Saginaw, Mich., has purchased for its fire and police departments a motor-propelled patrol wagon, paying $3,.100 for it. The machine is a four-cylinder, 60-horsepower and has Oldsmobile chassis and is fitted with as fine a body as any in the land. It has a carry capacity of 6,000 pounds, it is equipped with two jacks for jacking up street cars, a folding stretcher, coils of rope for fire lines, complete tool and tire equipment and has a wheel base of 135 inches.

J. A. Sullivan has resigned as chief of the Greenville. Miss., fire department, taking effect immediately. Mr. Sullivan went to Greenville from Memphis a little over a year ago, having served for a number of years on the Memphis fire department. Assistant Chief E. L. Chipman has been placed in charge of the department pending the election of a chief. It is believed by many that he will be named to head the department. Mr. Chipman has been in the service of the department for seven years.

Unless some of the candidates withdraw their names the Rye, N. Y., fire department election next month will be the most spirited ever held in that village. James D. Halsted, first assistant, who is also a member of the village trustees, is a candidate for the place held by Samuel H. Graham, who has been chief for ten years. For first assistant, Foreman Samuel Balls, of Ponirigo Engine and Hose, and George J. Werner, Overseer of the Poor, are candidates. William Bird, second assistant, will receive a unanimous reelection.

Eastman perfection holders, nozzles and deluge sets are being adopted by fire departments from the smallest to the largest and in all sections of the country, where they are giving the best of satisfaction. Some of the places that have recently purchased Eastman outfits are: Ashley, Pa.; Prescott, Ark.; Lebanon, Pa.; Tampa, Fla.; Rensselaer. N. Y.; Rome, Ga.; Ashland, Wis.; Freeport, Me.: Presque Isle, Me.; Guilford, Me.; Hallowed, Me.: Portsmouth, Va.; Muskogee. Okla.; Jersey City, N. J.; Ironwood, Mich.; De Kalb, I11.; Maysville, Ky.; Brattleboro, Vt, and many others.

The fire department of Loveland, Colo., consisting of a hose company and a hook and ladder company, has decided to disband as separate organizations and to reorganize as the Loveland fire department. This was due to the recent purchase of an auto fire truck which carries both hose and ladders. The combined organization consisted of about 150 volunteer firemen, with one member on a salary who attends to the engine, and one paid assistant. The firemen are well pleased with the improved fire-fighting apparatus, which has proven both practical and satisfactory in operation.

The inadequacy of the water supply in St. Louis ward, Montreal, Can., for fire-fighting purposes, was brought forcibly to notice in a fire which recently did between $15,000 and $20,000 damage to a block of tenements between 2173 and 2193 Hutchison street, drove nine families into the street and for a time threatened the safety of the entire neighborhood. Coming as it did within a few days of the St. Joseph Boulevard Convent fire, at which the pressure was unusually poor, this second instance of inadequate water supply has roused much indigation in the residents of the Annex.

Jersey City’s newest fire station, at the Boulevard and Van Nostrand avenue, Greenville Heights, was opened for duty last week. It is equipped with automobile fire-fighting apparatus of the latest design and the first to be used in that city. The automobile equipment consists of a combination truck, which carries a 40-gallon chemical tank, 2,000 feet of hose and two extension ladders of 25 feet each. When light this truck weighs 5,500 pounds and is driven by a 50-horsepower motor, with a guaranteed speed of 50 miles an hour. Battalion Chief Chambers will be in command with Lieutenant Thomas Keogh, second.

Chief Joe Wilks, of the Vicksburg, Miss., fire department, show’s that out of the 182 outs 48 were large fires and were extinguished by hydrant pressure; 80 were small fires extinguished by chemicals with small loss; 41 were for chimneys, grass and other causes; 10 were false alarms; 3 were out of reach of the department; 3 general alarms were turned in ; number of feet of hose used, 42,400; number of gallons of chemicals used, 004 ; number of feet of ladders used, 1,530; number of hours worked at fires, 08. In conclusion, I wish to thank His Honor the Mayor, and every member of the board for the personal interest they have shown at all times in the fire department.

The Bismarck Daily Tribune says: “The recall of Mayor Gill, of Seattle, last week by a pluralitiy of 6,241 votes and after less than a year in office, is of interest in Bismarck because of his removal of Harry Bringhurst. Harry had been fire chief for several years and had to go to make room for a political worker. It is said he can have the position again if he wants it. Bringhurst was city engineer of Bismarck in the boom times of the early 80’s and proud of being called the biggest fire crank in town. The red shirt and fire hat of the Pioneer Fire Company was more to him than a full dress suit, and he Was always a great worker at fires.”

Four fires during the last year is the record, according to the annual report of Edward W. Clark, secretary of the fire department at Dayton, Wash. Three residences and three business blocks represent the losses. The estimated value of property destroyed is $12,000 to $15,000. This is the smallest fire loss of any year since Dayton was founded, old settlers say. J. L. Dittemore has been elected chief and Leon B. Kenworthy assistant chief for the coming year. A committee has been appointed to formulate a plan of reorganization, There is a shortage of members in the fire department, and new members will be received. The treasury report shows a flattering condition of the department’s finances.

The thirty-first annual report of the Saratoga, N. Y., fire department has been submitted by Fire Commissioner John T. White and Fire Chief E. J. Shadwick. During the year ended March 1 the department has responded to 32 bell, 44 telephone and 5 messenger alarms, a total of 81. Of these eight have been both telephone and box and two alarms were from two boxes for the same fire. The total loss was on buildings. $4,337; contents, $3,620.65; a total of $7,057.35. The amount of insurance was on buildings, $804,200; contents, $18,015. The total insurance carried was $822,215, with $814,257.65 the amount of insurance over loss. Chief Shadwick recommends a new fire house and a hook and ladder truck.

Joseph L. Burke, head/of the New York Bureau of Combustibles, and Inspectors Hodkinson and Purdy, of his office, were dismissed recently by Fire Commissioner Waldo. This action followed an investigation by Commissioner of Accounts Fosdick, which also extends to the Bureau of Violations and Auxiliary Fire Appliances. Burke was appointed in 1907 by Commissioner Lantry. He was with Mayor Met lellan in his fight against Charles F. Murphy. His salary was $1,009. He was charged with incompetence and neglect. The inspectors were said to be engaged in private business which conflicted with their duties. Commissioner Waldo also suspended Edwin F. Horn for ten days. He was in charge of the Bureau of Combustibles on February 7, when a bomb was brought in that should have been taken to the magazine.

The new chemical apparatus recently purchased by the city of Janesville, Wis., and placed on the fire chief’s auto, was tested out. The tank was charged and put in operation and a nozzle an eighth of an inch in diameter was used with the hose coming with the equipment. The charge lasted for about fourteen minutes, but lost a good deal of its strength after the apparatus had been used about ten minutes. A pressure of 155 pounds was secured at the outset of the trial. It has been decided a large stream will be of more service in fighting small blazes and hereafter a 3/16-inch nozzle will be used. This, it is expected, will throw a stream of sufficient force for about four minutes, by which time the fire wagons or the fire patrol will be at the scene of the fire, or if necessary the reducer attached to the equipment on the chief’s auto and a stream of water used in extinguishing the blaze. The auto with the equipment was weighed and tipped tile scales at 3,350 pounds. The auto alone weighs 2,720 pounds, making the weight of the chemical apparatus 630 pounds.

Former Attorney-General Herbert Parker was recently before the Massachusetts Legislative Committee on Cities in advocacy of a bill to permit the retirement of Boston firemen after twenty-five years of service, irrespective of physical disability. Mr. Parker said that he was happy to say a word of praise for the firemen, and to give expression to his strong conviction that after twenty-five years of service members of the fire service should be permitted to retire. Such legislation, he said, would guarantee to every man who gives twenty-five years of his life to the most hazardous public service that at its expiration he might retire and enjoy the closing days of his life in good health, and that he need not meet with injury in order to receive his reward. Firemen in a great city, he said, are constantly confronted with the menace of death, and no alarm rings out that does not mean that some brave man, dauntlessly answering, may go to his death, a death not amid pleasant surroundings, but a lingering, torturing death.

Fire Chief McLaughlin was before the board of control of Norfolk, Va., last week, and made a strong appeal to that body to recommend to the finance committee for insertion in the city’s fiscal budget for 1911-12, which is about to be made up, an appropriation sufficient for the appointment of the following additional officers of the Norfolk fire department: A second assistant chief engineer, at $1,200 a year; a fire marshal, at $1,200 a year: nine lieutenants, at $77.50 per month. The chief’s proposition does not, however. contemplate in this connection any increase of the number of men in the department, except one—the fire marshal. All the other officers referred to are to be made by promotions—the lieutenants to act both as lieutenants and hosemen, for instance—the pay proposed for the lieutenants being a $2.59 advance on the present pay of the men in the department. He emphasized the fact that the population of Norfolk has been greatly increased of late, especially by reason of the annexation of the Ninth Ward, and that the department, as now constituted, is not properly officered, making its present standing below that of adequate efficiency. This will make the cost of fire department maintenance the coming year aggregate $90,430, as against $87,760 during the present fiscal year.