IMPROVING THE NILE.
Sir William Garstin, in whose hands the BritishEgyptian government has reposed the improvement of the river Nile, proposes to cut a channel in the whole of the basin of the upper Nile at a cost of $17,500,000. That portion of the river is now blocked for scores of miles by sudd, or river weed marshes. This new wide course for the White Nile he proposes to open out by cutting away the sudd every few years from Boz to Tanfikia—a distance of over 200 miles—at a probable cost of $27,500,000. In this way, the eighty per cent, of water from lakes Victoria and Albert, now lost in the swantps between I.ado and Fashoda, would be preserved. T he scheme includes dams for the regulation of the overflow from Victoria and Albert. Sir William also sketches great projects for the regulation of the Blue Nile at a point several hundred miles above Khartoum. He proposes to dam the river Gash, which is now dry half the year, and in this way irrigate the plains round Kassala. The whole scheme will reclaim the entire Sudan and secure to Egypt constant and sufficient water supply for the whole area between the cataracts and the Mediterranean. The total cost of the scheme, including the raising of the Assuan dam and completing the Suakim-Berber railway, is estimated at $108,000,000. Fifteen years is suggested as the time for completion. Irrigation works would then bring 2,650,000 more acres into cultivation in Egypt and the Sudan—giving the former an additional revenue of $6,025,000 and the latter $2,500,000 a year.