Industrial Fire Department Ready for Any Emergency
Photo courtesy TEC NEWS
The Tennessee Eastman Company, at Kingsport, Tenn., believes in adequate protection against fires and other emergencies.
In the event of fire in the plant area, a new diesel-driven pump, recently installed, gives T. E. C. pumping capacity of 14,000 gallons of water per minute at 100 pounds per square inch pressure in its fire loop.
The pump is driven by a 400 hp diesel motor which operates regardless of power failures in the plant. It will pump 5,000 gallons per minute at 100 pounds per square inch pressure.
Eastman’s other pumping facilities in the fire loop include a 1,000 gpm electricdriven pump and a 1,000 gpm turbinedriven pump; three automatic pumps— one turbine driven, and one electric driven, plus the diesel driven unit.
The fire loop is a separate water line which remains ready to serve in the event of a fire anywhere in the plant area. It is a grid system with fire mains around each block. Red-colored hydrants indicate the fire loop.
As a second line of fire defense, T. E. C. has the mill service line, which feeds water to various buildings for operations. Blue hydrants are the mark of the mill service line.
Supplementing the fire loop, the mill service water system has the following volumes available: 90,000 gallons per minute at 86 pounds per square inch pressure; 27,500 gpm at 56 pounds per square inch; 90,000 gpm at 47 pounds per square inch; and 55,000 gpm at 26 pounds per square inch pressure.
Sprinkler systems also operate from the fire loop. A standpipe, located on a hill at the southeast end of the plant, maintains water pressure on the fire loop. It holds 814,000 gallons.
The plant fire department also has a pumper which will furnish 1,000 gallons per minute, and in the event all the above systems fail, water can be had by suction from mill service lines directly from Holston River or from filter basins.
This summer T. E. C. added a mobile emergency unit to its facilities. The mobile unit is a specially-equipped panel truck, which answers every firq alarm and major emergency alert at the plant, under 24-hour operation by Plant Protection members.
The truck becomes a command post in the Company’s Emergency Plan, and takes a vantage point at the scene of the emergency. The driver’s section can easily be converted into a command post with seats and desk, a public address system, and two-way radios. Through the use of these means of communication, Plant Protection can direct emergency operations to a pinpoint.
For example, consider an explosion with fire following. Firemen with walkie-talkies can report on conditions inside the building. At the mobile unit, the man in charge could summon more manpower or equipment, whichever should be needed.
Purposes of the truck also are to carry additional rescue, first aid, and other emergency equipment in a single unit. It also can be converted into an ambulance if needed.
Its first aid equipment, duplicating that carried on the T. E. C. ambulance, includes a resuscitator, a large cylinder of oxygen, a wire ambulance basket, and blankets.
Rescue equipment includes a life net, asbestos protective clothing, gas masks, and rubber suits with hoods. The truck is equipped with a variety of tools.
Also included are two 1,500 watt gasoline – powered electric generators with necessary extension cords and flood lamps.
In fire-fighting equipment, Eastman also has available a hose carrier with a 500-pound dry chemical unit, a service truck, and two portable trailer gasolinepowered light plants.
The fire section of Plant Protection is manned by a chief (C. O. Richardson), four shift fire captains, four fire patrolmen, and seven S. & M. employes who respond to each alarm.