JUNIOR FIRE DEPARTMENT FORMED IN DAYTON, OHIO, PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Manual for the Operation and Control of the Department Adopted for the Governance of the Junior Firemen
THE following Manual for the Operation and Control of the Junior Fire Department in the Dayton. Ohio, Public Schools has been approved by the Assistant Superintendent of Schools and Chief William A. Carver, of the Bureau of Fire Prevention of the city. Chief Carver has been active in the installation of this program in the schools of Dayton, and credit for its success is largely due to his efforts.
Rules and Regulations Governing Junior Firemen
- The principal duties of the Junior Firemen are the study and application of Fire Prevention Laws and Regulations in the schools and at home.
- It shall be the duty of all Junior Firemen to conduct themselves as honorable citizens and to respect the laws of the city and state.
- It will be the duty of all Junior Firemen to acquaint themselves with the following: rules and regulations.
Section 2. Qualifications
- Boys for the Junior Fire Department should be selected from the senior grade of the school. Boys of the next lower grade should be used as alternates or assistants. In this manner boys will be in reserve and trained for the last year of school.
- Junior Firemen should be boys who are physically large enough to assist others of the school to safety in the event of an emergency. This is of vital Importance, as the appalling death rate of the schools show each year. The larger boys are preferred if the other qualifications are complied with.
- Junior Firemen should be boys who are mentally capable of taking the initiative in the event of an emergency.
- Junior Firemen should be boys who are physically free from defects of limb, sight, hearing and voice impediments, et cetera.
- It Is imperative that the boys of the Junior Fire Department be courageous. The lives and safety of the pupils and teachers may depend on this.
- If boys who are selected for the fire squad have personality plus the other requirements, it will greatly assist in maintaining an efficient organization; also there will be less trouble in maintaining discipline in the ranks of the school.
- The qualties of leadership are necessary for the efficient functioning of the Junior Fire Department. Therefore, appointments as Captains should be given only to senior grade boys who can fully qualify to all the above requirements.
Section 3. Organization—Administration
- There shall be a Captain in command of each school unit of eight boys. This to apply to the first unit, Lieutenants being in command of each additional unit of eight boys or fraction thereof.
- Captains to be appointed from senior grade only.
- Each unit to consist of five members from the senior grade and three members from the next lower grade as apprentice or assistant members.
- School organization of units should be adapted to the particular requirements of each school.
- Two members for each exit door of the school.
- Additional members as needed for guides or leaders, at inside doors, stairways and corridors. Firemen to be on duty for Fire Drills, Inspections and complete vacating of building and, if needed, for general school activities.
Section 4. Duties of the Captain
- In each school, the Captain as commanding officer shall preserve order and discipline in the ranks of his school unit.
- The Captain, with the help and advice of the principal or advisor, shall assign firemen to their respective stations.
- The Captain shall report to the principal of the school or the advisor of the unit, any insubordination of any member of the unit.
- If any member be reprimanded three times in any one semester for any infraction of the rules such as, conduct unbecoming a fireman, insubordination, inefficiency, inattendance, etc., he shall be dismissed from the unit and be denied any privileges that may be due at that time.
- Reprimands for the first two offenses to be at the discretion of the principal or advisor.
- It shall be the duty of the Captain to see that all exits of the auditorium be attended by Junior Firemen during assemblies and, in the event the stage is being used, to see that firemen are stationed there.
- The Captain shall be responsible for the efficient functioning of the school unit in the dispatch of their duties.
- It shall be the Captain’s duty to report the absence of any member from his regularly assigned station during school hours.
- It shall be the duty of the Captain to impress upon the members the importance of attending all fire schools and called meetings.
- It is the duty of the Captain, at all meetings authorized by the Assistant Superintendent of Schools, to take notes of the instructions and business conducted at that time. In the event of the absence of the Captain another member to be deputized to act in his capacity.
Section 5. Duties of the Lieutenant
- It shall be the duty of all Lieutenants to obey all orders, rules and regulations as prescribed by their Principal. Advisor and superior officer.
- It shall be the dutv of the Lieutenant, when deputized, to act in the capacity of Captain during his absence.
Section 6. Duties of Junior Firemen
- It shall be the duty of all Junior Firemen to obey the orders of their superior officers in the unit to which they are attached.
- After being assigned to some position and on duty, no fireman shall leave his post until relieved by some other fireman at the order of his superior officer.
- Regularly inspect, each day, all fire doors to see they are in working order.
- See that all doors to fire escapes are accessible and allow nothing to be placed to obstruct the doors to, or on the fire escape itself.
- See that all doors to tire escapes are unlocked and usable each day before the beginning of classes.
- It will be the duty of all firemen to preserve order in the buildings of all schools, during school hours.
- It will be the duty of all firemen to make an inspection of the building twice a month to see there are no fire hazards present. If any hazards are present they are to be reported to the Captain.
- Firemen are to supervise all fire drills and maintain order while the building is being vacated or the classes are reentering the building.
- Firemen are to see that all waste materials are to be removed from the building each day.
- In schools where there are manual training rooms or paint rooms, all waste materials are to be put in metal containers with tight fitting lids. Waste to be disposed of bv the janitor at the end of the day.
- All cupboards are to be cleaned of any waste paper, rags, etc., and where these are found the persons responsible are to be instructed to keep them in a safe place or to be disposed of immediately.
- All ashes to be stored in fire-proof ash pits or metal containers and to be removed from the building regularly. All stairways to be equipped with banisters in good repair.
- All attics and storage spaces to be cleaned of any and all scrap and waste materials and all combustible materials to be stored in an orderly fashion with all precautions to be taken to prevent fires from starting in these rooms. All storage rooms to be kept locked and inaccessible to the pupils of the school unless they have permission from the teacher or person responsible for that room.
- All floor oils, mops, rags, etc., used in the upkeep of the school to be kept in the basement in a fireproofed room, none to be in any closets or locker spaces in the building.
- At no time shall there be more than one gallon of gasoline, and this to be in a metal can with a screw top, can to be in good condition.
- Do not allow any decorations around the light bulbs; all lamp shades, etc., to be far enough from the bulb that they will not heat, or in any way come in contact with the bulb.
- If matches are used in the school see that they are the safety matches only.
- If irons are used in the school see that they are equipped with stands to rest on; one or more inches high and to be equipped with pilot lights to indicate when the current is on or off.
- Allow no collection of paper for sales, etc., to be stored in the building. If paper is collected for sale it must be stored outside of the building and be disposed of the same day it is collected.
- In the event any fireman is in doubt as to a fire hazard he is to telephone or visit the Bureau of Fire Prevention, 15 Bast Monument Avenue and consult the Chief of the Bureau for information.
Section 7. Duties Outside of the School
- All Firemen should know the location of the two nearest fire alarm boxes to the school.
- All Firemen should know the location of the two nearest fire alarm boxes to his home.
- All Firemen should know the Fire Department Telephone number—HE-1234.
- It is a serious and dangerous violation of the law to send in a false alarm of fire. Every Fireman should lake every opportunity to discourage this costly and dangerous practice.
- Junior Firemen should feel free at any time to call at the Fire Prevention Bureau or at the nearest engine house for information, advice or assistance in their duties.
Cleveland, Ohio, opened bids for supplying an 85-foot ladder truck.
Steps are being taken by Dinuba Township, Cal., to obtain rural fire protection.