Kansas Water Sources.
At Topeka, Kan., the city supply is taken from the underflow of the Kaw river at a point practically on the river bank, in fact many of the wells are out in the present channel of the river. The water comes from far below, however, and is not river water at all. Superintendent Jesse Shaw, of the waterworks, is an enthusiastic advocate of ground-water supplies. At Lawrence, the city supply is taken from a small group of wells under somewhat similar circumstances to those at Topeka. This is a private company, and there has been some trouble from alga; in the stir face storage-basins of the plant. Here, as at Topeka, the supply is from the ground-water flow* and is not to any great extent seepage from the river, though at times there is undoubtedly some infiltration from the riverbed. At Newton the city wells are located some distance from the town, and are from a deep-lying sheet-water. This supply is excellent in quality and, apparently, inexhaustible in quantity. At Great Bend the city supply is taken from the Arkansas river underflow and an excellent supply is secured. About the only difficulty there is the fact that the wells are grouped too closely together, so that the yield per well is not such as it would be if they were spaced farther apart. This water comes from a lower stratum or sheet of gravel, the water being much softer and better than that nearer the surface.