LAWRENCE, MASS., WATER BOARD.
The annual report of the Lawrence, Mass., Water Board shows receipts $90,594.55 and expenditures $56,140, as follows: Expended on works during 1894 for ordinary construction, including meters, $20,699.58; for construction, labor, and material on filter, $4,072.07; for maintaining the works and for running expenses, pumping and ordinary repairs, $26,761.85; for filter maintenance, labors and care of filter, $4,814.50 The filter has amply fulfilled all expectations, and the physicians of the city report a marked improvement in the public health. During the five years previous to its introduction the average death rate from typhoid fever was 1.27 per thousand or sixt-ythree deaths a year. Since the filter was introduced there have been but twenty-six deaths from the disease or a reduction of 60 per cent., and it is further known that of the twenty-six persons who died of that disease twelve were mill hands who drank unfiltered and polluted canal water, while in factories inhere such water is not uses there has not been a single case of typhoid during the past year. At Lowell, on the contrary, the sewage of which enters the Merrimack river, nine miles above the intake of the Lawrence filter,there was last winter a severe outbreak of the disease. During the year 12,947 of feet of main pipe have been laid; 4,677.9 feet replacing smaller pipe. Thirty-six stop gates and seven hydrants have been added to the system. There are now in use 65.24 miles of main pipe; 816 stop gates; 538 public hydrants, and 15 drinking fountains. There are besides 26 private hydrants and 51 private stand-pipes together with all fixtures for fire purposes on the several corporations composing the Lawrence Reservoir Association.