Liverpool Fire Brigade
The Liverpool, England, fire brigade was called last year to 645 fires, and received, in addition, 31 false alarms. Nine of the fires were outside the city. Five hundred and one of the fires lasted less than a quarter of an hour, 108 others less than half an hour, 14 between half and one hour, 12 between 1 and 2 hours, and 10 lasted 2 hours or over. The causes of fires are tabulated as follows: Candles, sparks and matches, 165; lights in contact, 80; over-heating, 49; children playing, 42; hot ashes, 38; defective construction, 32; defective electric wiring, 18; defective gas fittings, 10; incendiarism, 8; explosions, 7; spontaneous ignition, 4; friction, 2; smoking tobacco, 2; other known causes. 2; unknown, 168. There were 252 fires in dwelling houses, 161 in shops, offices and general stores; 60 in factories, mills and workshops; 18 in dock sheds and vessels in dock, 13 in warehouses and 141 on other property. The brigade extinguished 215 fires with appliances, while 430 were put out by police and others without the aid of the brigade appliances. The brigade now consists of superintent, deputy superintendent, 4 inspectors, 14 sergeants and 86 firemen permanently employed, and 282 auxiliary firemen (police constables). The appliances include 9 steamers, 5 motor machines, 1 chemical engine and 16 fire escapes.