London and Liverpool.
In 1891 the population of the city of Liverpool was 517,051 and covered 5300 acres. Its buildings are all of stone and brick. Five steam fire engines were in use and eight hand engines, and there were 256 men on the regular force. Five hundred and seventy-eight fires occurred in 1890, 28 of them from lighted candles, 87 from lights thrown down, 22 from children playing with matches, 30 from smoking tobacco, 23 from children playing with fire and 30 from sparks from fire. Firemen in Liverpool have the title of “constable” and have certain police authority.
The great city of London had within its corporate limits in 1891 4,231,431 persons, and about 2,000,000 in territory immediately contiguous; 557,134 is given as the number of brick and stone buildings in 1891, and the city has no wooden buildings. The number of fire alarms given in 1891 was 4164, of which 1029 were false alarms, 243 chimney alarms and 2892 actual fires; 2000 of these fires were confined to the floors where they originated, and 184 extended beyond such floors; only 6 fires extended to adjoining property, and only 3 extended beyond adjoining property. The London Fire Department consists of 47 land steam fire engines, 95 land manual fire engines, 9 steam fire engines on barges, 8 steam tugs, 105 hose carts, 36 miles of hose, with ladders, trucks, fire escapes and an abundance of alarms, telegraphs, telephones, etc., to render the service of its 706 firemen very efficient. Nineteen million gallons of water were used during the year at fires, one-third of which was taken from the river, canals and docks. The causes of fire are curious. Fifty-nine came from airing linen, 150 from candles, 39 from children playing with fire and 62 from their playing with matches; 61 were caused by swinging gas brackets, 69 from escape of gas, 37 from curtains or blinds coming in contact with lights, 104 originated from hot ashes, 290 from spirit lamps (206 of them being from upsetting such lamps), 100 cam? from sparks of fire and 38 from improperly set stoves,