LOW WATER CONSUMPTION.
WILLIAM R HILL, chief engineer and superintendent of the water works of Syracuse, N. Y., in his annual report for the year ending the thirtieth day of June, 1899—advance sheets of which were placed at our disposal and have already been utilized (see FIRE AND WATER for September 9, 1899, pp. 301, 302)—shows a remarkably low figure per capita for domestic water consumption in that city—namely, fourteen gallons. He says:
During the year there has been an average of 5,462 meters on domestic service, supplying 53,500 people with an average of 753,000 gallons per day—making a consumption of fourteen gallons per capita per day. Including the amount of water used for commercial purposes and that consumed by elevators, the total average daily consumption reaches only 44 4 gallons pef capita—a remarkable showing, and one which, we think, cannot be equaled by any city in the country, whose population is the same as that of Syracuse. There is no doubt that the meter service has proved very successful under Mr. Hill’s jurisdiction, and the only question we might raise as to the low consumption of water in his city is that of its inadequacy for thorough hygienic purposes. When it is considered that it takes on an average fourteen gallons for a small bathtub and seven gallons for the flush-tank of a water closet, the percentage of people using these necessaries must be verj small in Syracuse. Even granting this, however, we are informed on the very best authority that the sanitary condition of the city will compare favorably with that of any other of the same size in the United States. As compared with New York’s per capita consumption of 121 gallons, and Buffalo’s of 226, Syracuse has accomplished great general results in making a record of forty-four gallons. Conditions, however, must govern all cases of this kind No comparison, for instance, could be instituted between Manhattan and Syracuse, owing to the great difference between the habits of the citizens in each place