MANCHESTER AND ITS WATER DEPARTMENT.
NEW ENGLAND has a name for water works and the city of Manchester, N. H., fully sustains the reputation of that section of the United States not only for the excellence of its water supply, but also for the efficiency of its water works, which are in every respect up-to. date and conspicuous as well for the efficiency of the plants as for the tasteful and artistic style in which its buildings have been designed. As a rule, the average water works pumping station and other structures connected with the service are erected with but little eye to architectural effect. So long a s they are solid and serviceable and afford ample accommodation for the machinery and employes, that is about all that is thought of. Hence many a lovely landscape is spoiled by the prominence given to some hideous monstrosity of a water works building, which at not much, if any greater cost could have been made into a thing of beauty, enhancing, instead of detracting from the picturesqueness of the surrounding scenery.
From such a blot upon its fair surroundings Manchester is happily exempt. Hillsborough county is noted for its beauty, and Manchester lying as it does close to the shores of the clear, placid Massabesic lake—the source of its water supply— has taken care that its water works buildings—of which some illustrations are given—shall be appropriate to the location and further that, so far as the municipality can hinder it, nothing shall be built on the lands bordering upon the lake that shall tend either to the pollution of the water or the spoil ing of the artistic features of the neighborhood. Hence the city has continued buying up the surrounding territory and has added to it 10,041 lineal feet during the past year.
The water works, which are the property of the city, were built in 1872-74 and are supplied—as already said, by lake Massabesic’s 2,500 acres of water area, whence the water is pumped to high and low service reservoirs by a Wood,a Davidson, and Worthington horizontal high duty (for high service pump)—total daily pumping capacity being 16,000.000 gallons. The storage capacity is 19,000,000 gallons— high service (152 feet above the city hall) 4,000,000 gallons; low service. 15,000,000 gallons. The stored water is distributed among the takers (whose average daily consumption is 3,500.000 gallons, through eighty-five miles of pipe, which supply 5,000 taps—made by the city, free—services, lead-lined,paid for by the city, which also owns, controls, and repairs 2,520 meters, and owns besides 675 public hydrants (there are also ten private hydrants). The pressure is sixty pounds; steam fire engines being used at fires. The new high-service includes a twenty-inch cast iron force-main 3.63 miles long. The total cost of the system has been $1,300,000. The operating expenses for i8q6, including laying over cement pipes, amounted to §42.26o;interest on bonded debt,$120,300. The revenue from consumers amounted to $34 000; metered supply, $67,500; city, fire protection, $15,800; public buildings, $3,000. The management is as follows: President, Alpheus Gay; secretary, Henry Chandler; treasurer aud registrar, Arthur E. Stearns; superintendent,Charles K. Walker,to whose unwearying.care, superior skill, constant and unfailing watchfulness, and thoroughly competent management is due in great measure the prosperity and efficiency of the Manchester water works.
(to be continued.)