Materage

Materage

A local newspaper in Jacksonville, Fla., announces that 2,500 water consumers in that city are in need of meters.

Since March 1, last Houston, Tex., has installed 1,218 meters, making the total now in use 5,774.

3,500 meters have been received at Dallas, Tex., and a contract let for meter boxes at the rate of $1.55 each.

A contract for 3,000 re-enforced concrete meter boxes for the Water Department was let recently by Supply Commissioner Joseph B. Thomas to the George C. Prendcrgast Company for $1.85 each.

Of the present active services in Columbus, O., 91 per cent, are metered, and all new ones are thus equipped. Numerous connections 4 inches and larger in diameter, serve elevators and sprinkler equipments; 31 are in the congested value district; all are gated within the street lines.

Commissioner E. B. Joseph having charge of the Montgomery, Ala., waterworks department reports that it is his intention to put all consumers on a meter basis instead of the present flat rate, and to that end will purchase the necessary meters

Notwithstanding the plea of the company that it is unable to secure funds with which to make the extensions, the board of public utility commissioners has ordered the United Water Company to install a system of water mains in the borough of Oaklyn, N. J.

About 77 per cent. of the services in Topeka, Kan., including all large size connections, are at present metered. A state law authorizes the Board of Commissioners to measure by meter all water furnished consumers, and an ordinance was passed July 15, 1911, requiring all services to be metered before May 1, 1912.

It is expected that all services at Wichita, Kan., will be metered within the next few years; approximately one-third of the services are metered at this date. There are only 11 large size services, 4 and 6 inches in diameter; these supply principally private hydrants, sprinkler equipments and hose risers for fire protection.

Mr. Fellowes, engineer in charge of distribution at Toronto, Ont., says; “We recently discovered a waste of 80,000 gallons of water in one night on Palmerston avenue. Twelve services were going all night. At this rate of waste the loss to the city is over $2,800 in a year, whereas the water rent is only $70 or $80.” He has always been an advocate of metering all the supplies and now he favors meters more strongly than ever.

The fact that the meter system for the government of payment for the consumption of water meets with the approval of a large proportion of the property holders of De Kalb, Ill., is shown by the fact that the first consignment of 200 water meters is disposed of and the orders for them signed by the property owners. As there are only about 800 connections to be metered in that city this means that a quarter of the entire big order is already placed and practically ready for delivery.

The News of Jackson, Mich., says “The report of Commissioner Fewell recommends the immediate installation of 1,000 water meters. The recommendation is considered by city officials as a good one. There is no doubt but that the statement of Commissioner Fewell that the water supply will be cut down half, and that the revenue to the city increased 15 per cent. is true. The installation of meters will necessitate the employment of inspectors and will add a little more work to the department, but Commissioner Fewell says that with all it will be a paying investment.”

The New Britain, Conn., water board has under consideration the adoption of meter rates for the payment of water consumption. Clerk Egan is gathering statistics from other cities and is studying the forms, rates, etc., in vogue. There are now about 1,200 meters installed throughout the city, and it will take about two years more to completely meter the city with about 5,000 meters. It is not deemed advisable to wait until all the meters have been installed before applying the new schedule. The present plan is to have a minimum charge and possibly a maximum rate. There will be intermediate rates and the plan is to avoid any schedule that will put a premium on large consumption. To overcome this it is proposed to have fixed rates for every thousand cubic feet of water used and probably a rate of discount.

Materage.

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Materage.

On January 1, 1911, there were 84 meters in service at Richmond, Va; since then there have been put in 203, making a total of 287.

Twenty-eight meters will be needed in the schools of Rockford, Ill., as some of the schools will require two meters. At the high school three meters will be necessary. The school board will have to provide these. All the fire houses will also have to have meters.

Under the new building code all of the theatres in Detroit, Mich., must have private fire systems, and the installation of these has led to a disagreement between the proprietors of the amusement places and the water board. I he only way the water board will provide for the installation of a new sprinkler system is by meter, and the meters w ill cost $175 apiece. The board insists that the theatre men must buy these before they are allowed to make any connection with the mains.

In the Revue de Mecanique, Mr. Darics publishes a detailed monograph on turbine water meters, or so-called speed meters; these are somewhat less sensitive, but. on the other hand, cheaper than those of disk construction. The turbine water meter consists essentially of a vertical shaft provided with blades, and contained in a chamber into which the water is admitted through oblique orifices. I he momentum of the water sets the shaft rotating, and a system of toothed wheels connected to an indicator registers the number of turns.

A business man, who evidently has given much study to the problem of fair distribution and assessment, comments that it is remarkable that a city with so limited water supply should permit a system so wasteful and unjust as that employed in Ogden. Utah. He cites for instance that a man with a lawn 10 yards square can use the whole force for three and one-half hours by paying for 100 yards of lawn, while the man with a lawn 20 yards square pays for 100 yards and only has the water three and one-half hours, the same as the neighbor who has but one-fourth the lawn and pays one-fourth the price. Again, if the latter is not satisfied, he can have a meter and pay 20 cents per 1,000 gallons, while the party who uses many times as much water only pays 5 or 6 cents per 1,000 gallons, or, in other words, the city is in the wholesale and retail water business, the poor man paying 200 per cent, more than the corporation per gallon for water, but when it comes to taxation, the corporation pays on 25 per cent, of its wealth, and the poor man often on 100 per cent, of his. The remedy suggested is to cut down the unmeasured water to one hour per tap at a fixed price per tap. Then a fixed low rate of say 5 cents per 1,000 gallons to all who own their own meters, and 10 cents per 1,000 gallons to those to whom the city furnishes meters, all to pay quarterly. “Nearly everyone would buy a meter and the city would be saved a large expense in that direction.” says the business man. “Water users, having the one-hour per tap, could put in as many taps as they like. If one hour were not enough, they could apply for another tap, and, instead of spending three and one-half hours with one tap. save two and one-half hours time by having additional hydrants. But few lawns require more than one hour per day with the ordinary supply, but having the right to waste another two and one-half hours water at no cost, nearly all will do so. and the water is drawn from the reservoir until we dare not thing of having a fire.”