MILWAUKEE’S WATER WORKS.
The water works at Milwaukee, Wis., with everything that goes with them, includingthe new intake tunnel, have necessitated, since they were started in 1871, a total net expenditure of $4,432,642. For the construction of these works the city from time to time issued bonds bearing four, five and seven per cent, interest. The total amount of bonds thus issued was $2,638,750, which, in addition to their face value, brought premiums aggregating $354,793. All these moneys went into the construction of the water works. The amount levied against private property in the form of water pipe as sessments, the proceeds of which went for the laying of water mains, has been since 1871, $1,215,188. The total expenditures for the laying of water mains over since then has been $2,683,861, so that the city at large has expended on the 276,008 miles of water mains which it contains the sum of $1,468,673, private property owners having contributed towards this improvement less than half the actual cost. This total expenditure of nearly $2,684,000 must also be figured in the cost of the water works.
The expenditures for the construction of the water works are distributed as follows: The reservoir has cost $152,989; the North Point Pumping works, buildings and grounds, $361,037; the machinery at these works, $360,963; the high service works on North avenue. $146,782; for both building and machinery; the old works on Chestnut street, now torn down, $51,418. The North avenue bridge had to be built by the water department, or rather from the funds of the water department, for a connection between the water works on the Lake and the reservoir had to be established. The bridge necessitated an additional outlay of $88,779; the sum of $78,689.67 went toward payment of the salaries of the engineers who planned and laid out the system, and quite recently the sum of over $508,000 has been expended on the new intake.
AVhile the amount realized by the city from the sale of bonds aggregated only $2,998,500, the city, aside from retiring $986,000 worth of these bonds, paid out $1,866,061 in interest upon them. So that there is an additional amount of $2,352,061 that must be charged up against the water department. The maintenance of the department from 1871 up to Dec. 81, 1894, cost $2,082,031—another item chargeable to the same department. This makes a total outlay of $8,866,732, without taking into consideration several minor items. On the other hand, the receipts of the department were $2,993 543 from the sale of bonds; $1,215,188 from water pipe assessments, ami $4,897,979 from water rates—that Is from rates paid by property owners for the use of water This makes the total receipts of the department, $9,106,710, and gives a surplus of $239,977. That is after nearly twentyfour years of existence the waterworks have not only paid all the interests on the water bonds, all the sums necessary for the retirement of matured bonds, and all the expense of their maintenance, but have yielded a net profit of nearly $240,000. Hail it not been for the new intake tunnel the water works would have yielded the city a net income of not less than $200,000, but even with these new expenditures, the city will derive an income within a few years of $100,000. In 1893 the water works were already in a condition to turn over $55,000 to the general city fund, after meeting all its obligations, paying the salaries of the employees, the cost of fuel, interests and so on, and for 1894 the amount turned over to the general city fund was already $80,000. In addition to this there is u reserve in thew ater fund and water department construction fund of nearly $90,000.
The net income of the city from water consumers amounted in 1894 to $407,131, which was an increase over the receipts for 1894 of four per cent. With the same ratio of increase in the consumption of water, the receipts for 1895 will be not less than $425,000 and in 1899 they will exceed $500,000. City .Engineer Benzenberg figures the total income of the water department for 1894 at $460,008. He figures in the amounts chargeable against various wards for street sprinkling. The different wards now owe the water fund $07,742 for water used for this purpose, but as the aldermen never allow such bills, claiming that the turning over of money into another fund was a mere formality, this source of income of the water department can hardly be considered. In 1894 thedifferent wards used up for sprinkling nearly 9,500,000,000 gallons of water. The city’s revenue for every million gallons is $46.12. consequently the wards owe the city for the year nearly $21,000, The amount of water supplied by all the pumping station for comsumption only, a great deal of water being uses up by the sewerage pumping works, was 11,457,166,896 gallons. The amount of water which would have formed a lake covering the greatest part of Milwaukee county with a depth equal to that of the river, was distributed through tin; different water mains.