NAVAL DISTRICT CONDUCTS TRAINING SCHOOL FOR FIREMEN

NAVAL DISTRICT CONDUCTS TRAINING SCHOOL FOR FIREMEN

Security Office of Eleventh Naval Training District Establishes Training School at Marine Corps Base

U. S. Marine Corps

THE Commandant of the Eleventh Naval District realizing that there is as much difference between a man with a hose, and a trained fireman, as there is between a man with a gun and a trained soldier, requested that the Security Office of the Eleventh Naval District organize a training program to train service personnel manning fire stations at the various activities in the District.

Master Technical Sergeant George H. Schreder, formerly Chief of the Marine Corps Base Fire Department, was temporarily attached to the Security Office to assist in the organizing of the training program.

It was at first decided to have Sgt. Schreder visit the various activities and train the personnel at their stations. Commander H. H. Ritter, District Security Officer, U. S. N. (Ret.), and Lieut. S. O. Roppe, U. S. N. R., Executive Officer of the Security Office, and a Fire Prevention Engineer on military leave from the San Diego Fire Department, decided that more could be accomplished if part of a station’s personnel could be brought to a central location for school and training. It was evident that by this method crews from several stations could he trained at one time. Because the Marine Corps Base has had a training program in operation for the past 2 1/2 years and also has a training tower located there, it was realized that the Base would be an ideal place to locate the District Fire School. Commander Ritter requested permission of the Commanding General, Marine Corps Base, to establish the school there. The request was granted.

Scenes at the Fire Department Training School Rescue from third floor using a double bowline and forty-foot ladder.Staff Sgt. Winkelman and Sgt. Horner instruct a class in knot tieing.

Official u. S. Marine Corps Photo

Instructors at the school are M. T. Sgt. George H. Schreder, U. S. M. C., Staff Sgt. Arthur Winkleman. U. S M. C. R., Staff Sgt. Arthur Dieckelman, U. S. M. C. R. and Sgt. Paul Horner, U. S. M. C. R.

The writer, having attended a number of fire department drill schools, is of the opinion that Winkleman has developed into one of the best drill instructors in the game. He is a member of the Western Springs, Illinois, Fire Department, and was a member of the Ninth Battalion M. C. Reserve called to active duty in November, 1940. The writer had the honor of being Captain of the drill team of which Winkleman was a member when the team captured first place for departments in their class in the first fire show held by the National Board of l’ire Underwriters at Soldier’s Field in Chicago in 1937. The five members of the team were awarded $550.00 prize money and each member received a gold medal presented by Mayor Kelly of Chicago. Staff Sgt. Winkleman has been drillmaster of the Marine Corps Base Fire Department for the past 2 1/2 years and has trained some 400 marines as firemen during that time. Sgt. Horner joined the department when it was formed and has been a very able assistant to Winkleman. Staff Sgt. Arthur Dieckelman also joined the department when it was first formed and because his civilian background was of a mechanical nature he has been Chief Engineer of the Marine Corps Base Department for the past two years. Dieckelman is quite farsighted and has developed a number of small tools now in use by the department besides having charge of all repairs of the motorized equipment of the department. Dieckelman’s part in the instruction at the new fire school has to do with the mechanical part of the training. An intensive program has been laid out and attendance at the school is for five weeks.

Personnel at stations some distance from the Marine Corps Base are stationed at the Base for the five weeks’ school period. Members of departments which are not too far distant from the school commute to the school, returning to their own stations in the evening.

M. T. Sgt. Schreder Instructing Class in Hydraulics

Official U. S. Marine Corps Photo

Subjects Taught

Some of the subjects taught at the school are—

Fire hose, care of, injuries to, types, sizes, couplings, importance of the care of fire hose, various folds, rolls and carries. etc.

Study of fire department ladders, their construction, their use and importance to the fire service. The carries and raises of all the types and sizes of ladders in use by the Military Departments in the entire Eleventh Naval District.

Study of forceful entry and small tools operations, their uses and care, etc.

Knots in the fire service. (Members must be able to tie in the dark the twelve knots that are taught.)

Minor extinguishments, the uses of types in use and nomenclature of extinguishers in use in the District. The second part of the study is given to use of the various extinguishers on actual fires.

Rescue evolutions. Considerable time is spent on this subject as in the event of any military action here on the Coast we realize the fire department will be called on to do a lot of this type of work.

Operations on the drill tower are carried out with both charged and uncharged lines.

Salvage and overhaul practices. The various folds for salvage covers and overhaul operations, etc.

Ventilation. The why and wherefore and the when and where problems are given in certain buildings and the student uses chalk to mark where he would ventilate and why Most of this work is done in the class room by use of the blackboard.

Inspections. This subject is covered thoroughly and students are sent into buildings where fire hazards have been arranged for them. They make a list of the hazards which they find and the instructor checks and corrects their reports.

Simple Hydraulics. Fire streams relaying water, etc., and the operation of various types of fire pumps, rotary, centrifugal, defense pumps, and high pressure apparatus in use in the District.

The chemistry of fire is studied. Spontaneous ignition, transmittance of heat by conduction, convection and radiation. Training films are obtained from the Eleventh Naval District’s large library and are shown from time to time during the school to facilitate the training.

The first class is now in training and consists of members of the Fire Departments of a Naval establishment and three Marine Corps establishments.

Diploma Received on Completion of Course

Upon completion of the course the members will be given a diploma showing their participation in the school. Suitable entries will be made in their Service Record Books. This is good practice as wherever the man goes his Record Book goes with him and he can be used in the capacity of a fireman.

The school has adopted a motto of sorts—“Every member an Instructor.”

Text books in use at the school are The Fire Chief’s Handbook. Fire Service Hydraulics, Fireman’s Training Course from Oklahoma A. & M. College, Fireman’s Training Course from the University of Maryland, both Basic and the Advanced. In addition drills and evolutions are used from the Chicago Fire Department, Minneapolis Fire Department and the San Diego Fire Department.

Valuable aid has been rendered the school by Chief Harry Lockwood, M. T. Sgt., U. S. M. C. R., who succeeded the writer as Chief of the Marine Corps Base Fire Department. Lockwood has put himself and his department at the disposal of the school to help assure its success.

Wool Felt Aids Navy Chemical Warfare Fighters This Martian-like man is a U. S. sailor, fully prepared to fight poison gas and remove it from any object with which it may have been in contact; also doing it without harm to himself. The filtering and neutralizing mechanisms in the mask are of wool felt.

Official U. S. Navy Photo

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