MANSFIELD, MASS., has now a first-class system of water-works. It was commenced in March, 1888, and completed in October. The works were designed by Percy M. Blake of Hyde Park, Mass.; engineer of construction. L. L. Gerry of Stoneham, Mass., and contractor for construction, John T. Langford, Boston. The source of supply is Cate springs, located one and one-half miles from the town, with an elevation of 154 feet; there is a storage reservoir of 235,000 gallons capacity and stand-pipe 20 by 103 feet, the latter being constructed by E. Hodge & Co. of East Boston; there are two duplex compound condensing pumps of 5,000,000 gallons capacity, manufactured by George F. Blake Manufacturing Company and cost $5500; the boilers are two horizontal tubular, 54 inches diameter and 13 1/2 feet long, made by the Whittier Machine Company; the pressure for fire purposes is 100 pounds, and ordinary pressure 55 pounds; there are 6 miles of cast-iron mains, 10 to 4 inches diameter, supplied by the Warren Foundry and Machine Company, which firm also supplied the special castings; the Ludlow Valve Manufacturing Company furnished the 46 hydrants, set and gates. The works are owned by the Mansfield Water Supply District, and cost $75,000 for construction. Commissioners: D. S. Spaulding, Alfred B. Day, Wm. B. Royerson ; secretary, Alfred B. Day. The owners have a perpetual franchise and receive a hydrant rental of $1500 per year ; the works were tested and accepted on October 22d last, and proved highly satisfactory. Alfred V. Royerson is town clerk. We are indebted to Mr. Day for this information.

ALBION, N. Y.—In reference to the recently completed works here, Chief Bailey makes the following report:

To the President and Board of Trustees :

Gentlemen.—In order to have an account on record of the test of the water-works, I make the following report :

On the first day of October I made a preliminary test. With the tower three-quarters full and the pumps not moving, two streams were thrown from the same hydrant on Main street to the height of ninety feet. While those two streams were playing, an additional stream was sent to the same height at the village hall on Bank street. Hydrants in several sections of the village, some on high ground, were tested with like satisfactory results. On the sixth day of October I made a formal test of the hydrants with the following results: Five streams were thrown simultaneously from four hydrants on Main street and one on Bank street. With the water tower nearly full and the pumps not moving, the streams were sent to a height of 100 feet. With the pumps moving and the valve at the water tower open, the streams were sent to a vertical height of 120 feet. The flow of water to the hydrants from the mains is very free, as is shown by the fact that two streams from the same hydrant mount almost as high as one. I report that my tests prove that the fire protection afforded by the new water-works is entirely satisfactory. JAMES BAILEY,

Chief of Fire Department.

ALBION, N. Y., October 9, 1888.

The water-works were built by Bassett Brothers, engineers, of Buffalo, N. Y.

MORRISBURG, Ont.—The system at this place has just been completed. The town has a population of 2000, and is situated on the St. Lawrence river, whence it receives its supply. The system is direct pressure, the pumps being supplied by Kennedy & Sons, Owen Sound, Ont., and George F. Blake Manufacturing Company. They have capacity of over 1,000,000 gallons per day. The fire pressure is 120 pounds, and for ordinary use fifty pounds. There are three miles of cast-iron pipe and twenty-two hydrants. The works, which are owned by the village corporation, were designed and built by W. Kennedy of Owen Sound. The cost of the works was $30,000. J. Jeffrey of Montreal was contractor for construction, and Wm. Ryan, Toronto, contractor for trenches and pipe laying. J. F. Gibbons is Reeve, and A. G. F. Drew, chairman of water committee.

—A pumping plant has been installed in an English mine which raises the water nearly 900 feet at a single lift, the liquid being delivered at the rate of 7200 gallons per hour. The electric current averages 66 amperes per hour, the tension of the dynamo terminals is 600 volts, on the motor 575 volts, and about thirty-three horsepower is used in raising water at the rate of 120 gallons per minute through a 900-feet lift. The output of the dynamo is fifty-three horse-power, and the efficiency is nearly 62 per cent.



GREEN ISLAND, ALBANY COUNTY, N. Y., has a population of 5000. The works, which were begun in May and completed in October, 1888, were designed by C. E. Cooke, C. E., of Tiffin, O., who was also the engineer of construction. The contractors for construction were Moffett, Hodgkins & Clarke of Watertown. The source of supply is on Green Island, in the Hudson river, opposite the town, where there is a filter gallery, and from whence the water is pumped to a reservoir of 60,000,000 gallons capacity, 180 feet above the town, the pumping station being on the mainland. There are two duplex compound condensing Worthington pumpingengines of 2,000,000 gallons daily capacity each. The two boilers, sixteen feet by five feet six inches, were made by Robert Pinkerton of Green Island. The four and one-half miles of four to eighteeninch cast-iron pipe and the special castings were supplied by the Warren Foundry, and the fifty hydrants and valves by the Ludlow Valve Company. The ordinary pressure at the hydrants is seventy pounds, and the fire pressure seventy to too pounds. The works are owned by a company of which J. V. Clarke is president, and O. W. Weed superintendent, having a franchise for ten years. The town pays $2000 yearly rental for fifty hydrants. The works were tested October 22, gave a pressure of 100 to 120 pounds, and were accepted. The pumping station and filter gallery are also designed to furnish water for the West Troy water-works, which are owned by the same company, and water is being pumped to both places. The supply is reported as being satisfactory, both in quantity and quality. Geo. Van Bergen is Major of Green Island.

SKOWHEGAN, SOMERSET COUNTY, Me.—The works were begun in August, 1887, and will be finished in December, 1SS8. The supply will be taken from springs situated about one-quarter of a mile from town, and pumped to a stand-pipe thirty by seventy feet, and of 258,000 gallons capacity, 170 feet above the town. Thence it will be distributed through eight to ten miles of four to ten-inch cast-iron pipes. The fire pressure will be from seventy to 150 pounds, and ordinary pressure seventy pounds. The two pumps are of the H. R. Worthington make, of 2,000,000 gallons capacity, and cost $4500. There will be seventy-five hydrants. The works will, when completed, have cost $106,000. They are owned by a company with a capital of $200,000, of which R. B. Shepherd is president, J. C. Griffin, secretary, and J. H. Holt, superintendent, and which has a franchise for ninety-nine yens. The engineer of construction was E. C. Gowing of Skowhegan ; contractor for construction, B. C. Mudge of Lynn, Mass., and for trenching and pipe-laying, Frank Moore of Skowhegan. The pipe was supplied by R. D. Wood & Co., and the valves by the Chapman Valve Company.