(Special Reports to FIRE AND WATER.)

GREEN BAY AND FORT HOWARD, WIS., last July completed a first-class system of water-works. The cities have a population of about 9000, and are located in the best business part of the State. The works were designed by Norman Weaver for the New England Construction Company, which has a franchise for thirty years at a yearly hydrant rental of $9000 for 210 hydrants. The supply is obtained from an artesian well, the mode of supply being direct pressure with three Knowles pumps. There are eighteen miles of mains from eighteen to four inches in diameter. They are iron, cement lined, and were manufactured by the New England Construction Company. The 212 hydrants set were furnished by the Chapman Valve Manufacturing Company. The fire pressure is 100 pounds, and for ordinary purposes forty pounds. The Green Bay and Fort Howard Water works Company has a capital of $300,000. Eli Marvin is president ; A. C. Neville, secretary ; W. K. Harrington, superintendent ; and G. Norman Weaver, treasurer.

The artesian well is 921 feet deep and eight inches in diameter, and furnishes 6,000,000 gallops of pure water daily. Two sixteen-inch mains extend across Fox river to supply Fort Howard. The pumping station which is shown herewith, is eighty by thirty-two feet, and one and onehalf stories high, built of red brick laid in red cement, with stone trimmings and foundation. There are two reservoirs of an aggregate capacity equal to the flow of the well. From the receiving reservoir the water is pumped to the mains. The system is considered one of the best in the State. George H. Norman of Boston, is president of the New England Construction Company. Charles Hartung is Mayor of Green Bay, and O. J. B. Brice is city clerk.


DODGE CITY (FORD COUNTY), KAN., has a population of 5000. The water-works system, which was designed by J. A. Jones, was commenced in August, 1S86, and finished June 4, 1887. The engineer of construction and superintendent is F. A. Heinecke, Dodge City, and thecontractor J. A. Jones. The mode of supply is by pumping to a stand-pipe. The two pumps have a daily capacity of 750,000 gallons each, and were built by Smith. Vaile & Co. of Dayton, O. The stand-pipe has a capacity of 86,400 gallons, and is located 228 feet above the city. It is twelve feet in diameter and 100 feet high, and was constructed by E. E. Palmer of Kansas City, Mo., who also supplied the two boilers.

There is a regular pressure of ninety-one pounds to the square inch and a fire pressure up to 300 pounds. The distribution is through twelve to four-inch cast-iron mains, of which there are nine and one-half miles laid. The fifty hydrants and the special castings were furnished by Ripley & Bronson of St. Louis, Mo., and the valves are of the Chapman make.

The works are owned by a company, of which W. W. Munsell is president, and J. W. Gilbert, secretary. The cost of construction was $100,000. The company has a franchise for twenty-one years, with annual hydrant rental of $2500 for fifty hydrants. The works were tested satisfactorily, a pressure of 200 pounds being obtained. R. W. Tarbox is Mayor, and George F. Jones, city clerk. FIRK AND WATER is indebted to Superintendent Heinecke for this information.


R. MATHEWSON, an expert civil engineer, has been looking over , the situation in this State relating to practical irrigalion of unreclaimed land. The Reno Gazette reports him as saying that he believes there is enough water in Lake Tahoe to irrig te 1,000,000 acres, or all of the available land in Western Nevada. But he doesn’t believe in running a tunnel four or five miles to tap the lake. He believes that the water can be taken out of the lake with an iron siphon, and at onetwentieth of the expense. The siphon need not be more than a mile and a half long. The difference in the elevation of Lake Tahoe and Carson valley being somewhat more than 400 feet, the power generated would be equal to not less than 30.000 horse power.

This same principle could be applied not only to Carson valley, but to Truckee meadows, Mason valley and all other valleys in the vicinity. By a series of check valve motions the water could be taken out of the siphon anywhere between the highest point on the lake and the lowest in the valley. By the use of this enormous water pressure, all kinds of manufacturing establishments could be started, and the land of sand and sage-brush might not only be made to bloom and blossom, but Ire covered with manufacturing villages as in New England. Mr. Mathewson says it is only a question of time when something of this kind will be done to reclaim all our Nevada land.— Virginia City Enterprise.


AVERY successful exhibition of Prycc W. Bailey’s new extension ladder was recently given at Seneca Falls, N. Y. Following is a description of the invention as furnished in the patent office specification :

Claim.—1. In the extension ladder A, the combination of the telescoping sections a and a’, the bent irons 6, secured to sections a, holding together the upper ends of sections a a’, the shafts C, with operating handles g, mounted in the upper and lower portions of the frame of section a, the chain sheaves or pulleys D, mounted upon shafts C, the endless chains or cables E, passing over pulleys or sheaves D and working thereon, the pawls B, secured near the bottom of section a’, hinged upon iron rod b’ with iron rod secured to the lower portion thereof, guided by stationary pin d in slot e, and chain C, the grip F, attached to frame of section a , near the bottom by means of screws through angular shoulder /, the stay-bolt h through ears and the screw /*, upon one end of which works the circular tap and to the other end of which is attached the clamp and the brace-poles G, with universal joints g‘ and g*, all substantially as described, and for the purpose set forth.

2. The combination with sections a and a’, of the ladder A, the shaft C, with operating handies g, the chain sheaves or pulleys D, mounted upon shafts C, the endless chains or cables E. passing over said pulleys or sheaves and working thereon, the pawls B, attached to section a’, the grip E, attached to frame of section a’, and the braces G, all substantially as described and set forth.

3. In an extension ladder the combination of the telescoping sectional ladders a and a’, the upper and lower chain sheaves D, mounted upon shafts C, endless chains or cables E, grips F and pawls B, so constructed and arranged that it can be extended or lowered either from the ground or from the top of lower section of ladder independently, substantially as described.

4. The grip F, with angular shoulder/as a means of securing to frame the stay-bolt b, ears/’, screw circular tap and clamp f5, in combination with ladder and chain so constructed and arranged that they will permit the endless chains or cables to be released after ladder is in posi tion, for the purpose ol raising or lowering any object desired, substantially as shown.

5. The pawls B, hinged upon iron rod b with iron rod b*, secured 10 the lower portion thereof as a stay, the guiding stationary pin d, slot c and chain in combination with ladder sections for the purpose of engaging each succeeding round of lower section in a rigid continuous connection, as shown and set forth.


THEY tell, says an American contemporary, a curious story of old Christopher Meyer, who was more or less with Ives. Many years ago he was a workman in a factory where rubber shoes were’ made. He received the fabulous sum of $1.2$ a day. At night he worked out the details of an invention for economizing in the number of men employed in the factory. One day he finished his machine, carried it to the shop, and showed his boss how -.veil it would do the work of a dozen or twenty men. The boss was thunderstruck, but before he could examine the invention. Meyer seized a big hammer and knocked its delicate machinery into chaos. “But I want that,” protested the boss. “I know you do,” answered the workman, quietly. “Come and see me to-morrow noon,” continued the head of the firm, pompously, “ and we will make

some, arrangements ” “If you want to talk business with me,” remarked the workman, coolly, “you can come to my lodging at seven o’clock tonight. Better not be late. The millionaire was there at seven. Meyer was taken into the firm, and in a short lime he was at the head of the business. He lives in New Brunswick, N. J., in a pretentious house, and his sons are all well married. A short time ago the old man—he is more than seventy years of age—took it into his mind to marry again, picked out a beautiful nineteen-year-old girl, and prepared for the wedding. Immense opposition was expected from the family, as old Meyer is worth $10,000,000 or $12,000,000, but to the amazement and chagrin of society and the sensational press, all of the old manufacturer’s friends, family and connections backed him up heartily and sent him off on his bridal tour, looking and feeling like a major.—Invention.


PATENT was filed December 14, 1887, for rubber hose, by Thomas S. Judson, Matteawan, assignor to the New York Rubber Company, New York. It is described as :

1. An india-rubber hose containing two or more plies of duck or other fibrous material coated with rubber and having an inner layer or lining of rubber, and a coil or spiral of wire whose coils are sufficiently far apart to render the hose flexible, interposed between two layers of such fabric, the whole tube being vulcanized, substantially as described.

2. An india-rubber hose consisting of an inner layer of rubber, two or

more layers of duck or other fibrous material coated with rubber, a coil or spiral of wire embedded in a layer of rubber just beneath the outermost layer of duck or other fibrous material, and an outer layer or coating of rubber, substantially as described.

3. A corrugated india-rubber hose having two or more layers of duck or other fabric coated with rubber, and a spiral or coil of wire inclosed between two of said layers, the coils being under the ridges of the corrugations, substantially as described.


T HE Croton water contains in one United States gallon of 231 cubic inches, the following normal impurities :


One hundred million gallons of this water are used daily in New York, in which are contained the following quantities of the above mentioned substances in pounds and in tons of 2000 pounds :


As the average flow of the Croton river is 400 gallons daily, there are 365.42S pounds, or nearly 183 tons, of impurities carried to the ocean daily by a stream which does not receive any refuse from factories.

—Owing to a dispute with the city council, the fire department of Waseca, Minn., disbanded recently, and the place is without fire protection.

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