(Special reports to FIRE AND WATER ENGINEERING.)


Chief Engineer Charles Little, who has just been appointed the successor of former Chief Malcolm, of the fire department of Rochester, N. Y., is a man in the prime of life, being forty-eight years of age. His residence is at 62 Wilde street, the house being that in which he was born.

Chief Little is a veteran fireman, having joined the department on July 15, 1873, as a minute man of the part paid part volunteer fire department of the day. He was at first attached to truck No. 1, but was afterwards appointed as hosemati of hose No. 3, and subsequently was attached to hose No. 5. In 1886 he was made captain of hose No. 3. which position he held up to April 19, 1894, when he became battalion chief, being made chief of the department on the resignation of Chief Malcolm on April 1.


Chief Little is a man thoroughly respected by his fellow citizens, amongst whom he has grown up since his birth, and equally respected by the officers and men of the fire department with which he has been connected for thirty years. He is well known as a brave and fearless firefighter, and has shown himself a good disciplinarian, a man of no political, racial, or religious bias so far as regards the administration of the department, and, judging from his past record, he is. besides, a man of intelligence and progressiveness, one of whom it may be safely predicated that he will make a worthy successor to Chief Malcolm.


On April 14. Thomas K. Harding celebrated his twentieth anniversary as chief of the fire departnient of Bay City, Mich., and his thirty-sixth as a member of that department. In point of service he is the oldest chief in the State, and one of the oldest firemen in that of continuous service. In 1869, when the present city was only a village, he founded its volunteer firefighting force, and served right up through the ranks until he arrived at his present position as head of the paid department. It must be remembered that the responsibilities connected with such an office, always great, are considerably added to in his case, owing to the important lumber interests, for which Bay City is so conspicuous. Through his successful handling of the fires connected with that industry. Chief Harding has obtained a national reputation, and has constantly been called upon to render personal assistance to other towns and villages in which threatening lumber fires have broken out. His fellow citizens and brother chiefs in, and out of the State can likewise bear witness to the fidelity and skill with which he has discharged his onerous duties at Bay City. Ever since his appointment as chief he has proved himself the embodiment of progressiveness, and has left no stone unturned to make (as he has succeeded in making) his department, considering the size of Bay City, one of the finest in the United States. His efforts (writes a correspondent) “have always been directed to the upbuilding of the department, and his work shows in the condition of the horses and apparatus, the finely appointed houses and the high standard of efficiency attained by the members of the several companies.” As a constant attendant at the conventions of the International Association of Fire Engineers, Chief Harding is well known to its members, and recognised by them as an authority’ on matters connected with fire service. To his credit he it said that during his twenty years’ ser vice he has missed but three of its conventions, and has twice been elected one of its vicepresidents.



During 1902 the fire department of Owosso, Mich., answered thirty-five calls, of which thirty were fires, one was caused by tampering with a box, and four were false alarms, caused by crossed wires. Amount paid for services of fourteen firemen, $081, average per man about $70. The average run to fires was made in five and one-quarter minutes, nearly every fire being far from the station. The total cost of the department for the year, including 1,000 feet of hose, a new team, hav. grain, salaries, new alarm line and repairs, was $4,039.


A correspondent at Troy, N. Y., has sent in the following interesting information about Chief Byron, of that city:

“On Tuesday. April 21. Chief Engineer Patrick Byron, of the Troy. N. Y„ fire department, observed his fifty-eighth birthday anniversary, and was the recipient of hearty and sincere congratulations from a host of friends, whose number increases each year, as his years of faithful service roll so smoothly and happily by. Chief Byron has a record as a fireman equaled by few, and. as we Troians believe, excelled by none. Official records show that he was confirmed as a member of Hope steamer company on December 15. 1859. He has been a fireman, true utd faithful, ever since, and the people of Troy in general, and those who are under his direct command in particular, trust he will remain the head of this important branch of the municipal government for many years to come. Chief Byron continued a member of the Hope company up to February 26. 1877, when he was transferred at his own request, to the J. C. Osgood steamer company. His name is still on the roll of that company, and is pointed to with pride by his fellow members. His keen judgment, thorough work, strict honesty, and fearlessness soon brought him to the front, and on February 14, 1880, he was given a valentine in the form of a unanimous appointment as second assistant engineer of the Troy fire department. He was destined, however, to go still higher, and is the worthy successor of the late J. Lansing Lane, to whose position as chief engineer he was chosen in May 1891. His selection at that time was made the cause of a general celebration by the members of the volunteer companies—a well deserved tribute paid to a deserving, yet modest official. He enjoys not only the confidence of the employes and volunteer members, but also that of the public in general, and particularly that of the merchants and business men who have hundreds of thousands of dollars invested here. To them his judgment is as that of a modern Solomon, and their faith is never shaken. Chief Byron is socially a prominent man, being connected with many organisations, and has held various offices. He is a member of the International Association of Chief Engineers, and has attended several conventions, where he has met, and made the friendship of the prominent firefighters of the country. Nor is it only here that he is known. His name and personality are equally familiar abroad. When on a visit to his native country, Ireland, several years ago, he was the guest of Chief Purcell, of the Dublin fire department, for several days, and had the pleasure of reciprocating when the latter paid a visit to this country a little over a year ago. Chief Byron is a man of highly moral principles: he enjoys the best of health, due to his correct habits and mode of living: and has thousands of friends who join in good wishes. During a continuous service of close upon forty years he has become well known to firemen all over the United States, and, as has been already said, bears an unblemished record.


“F. L. W.”


Chief Edwin L. Vaughn, of the fire department of Worcester, Mass., has determined to resign his position after a long and meritorious service of thirty years. His resignation will he a source of regret to the entire community, who respected him not only for his stern devotion to duty, his fixed purpose (acted upon to the last) of not suffering politics, race, or religion enter into his administration of the department, but alsp for his excellent qualities as a private citizen. In August 18, 1870, Chief Vaughn entered the service as a call man (there were no permanent men in those days), on hose five, which was then stationed on Myrtle street. In the April succeeding, he was transferred to engine No. 1. where his excellence as a firefighter first became conspicuous. In December. 1870. lie left the department for two years, but in 1881 returned to it as fourth assistant engineer, and after holding that position for five years was elected deputy chief under Chief S. E. Combs, succeeding the latter on his death in. 1891, Since that time he has elevated the department to the front rank, and leaves it in the highest state of discipline and efficiency.





(Special reports to FIRE AND WATER ENGINEERING.)


The fire department of Seattle, Wash., is always more or less handicapped by the heavy grades in the city, often seriously so in winter, when the streets are almost impassable, quick response being thereby rendered impossible. Notwithstanding these diffieulties, Chief Ralph Cook and his men made a showing during 1902 which was not only most creditable, but also demonstrated the efficiency of the department, their faithful work, and their thorough discipline. During the year there were 389 alarms of fire—an increase of twelve over those of 1901 and the largest number in the history of the department. At eight of these fires the losses were very heavy, and yet throughout the year the damage done at each fire averaged only $622.11. The total loss for the 389 alarms was $242,022, with insurance of $209,247 paid. The loss on buildings was $62,933, insured for $2,278,097; on contents, $179,089, insured for $2,418,772. The greater part of the loss was caused by the eight disastrous fires already alluded to, with $194,781 damage. On the whole, therefore, Seattle has much to be proud about, so far, at least, as regards fire loss, which in the aggregate was much less than in most cities of the same size. It has likewise every reason to be proud of its fire department in general and Chief Cook in particular, to whose good work it is due that the losses were kept down to the figures given above. How thoroughly their fellow citizens value their efforts is shown by the fact that seventeen of the firms and others who suffered (some very heavily) front fire during 1902 contributed $947 towards the Fire Department Relief fund in token of the appreciation in which the department is held. The manual force of the department consists of eightynine officers and men. There has been an increase of six men to the force during the year, including one lineman. The apparatus in service is as follows: Steamers, seven (besides two small ones in reserve) ; fireboat (equipped with Clapp & Jones fire pumps, capacity 5,500 gallons a minute) ; double eighty-gallon tank Champion chemical engine; hose wagons (equipped with chemical extinguishers), eight (with one in reserve) ; combination chemical and hose wagons, two; hook and ladder trucks, three (one first-size Seagrave, fully equipped with trussed ladders, etc., with aerial hook ladder truck —sixty-five-foot extension ladder—in reserve) ; twowheel hose cart (with one two-wheeled and a fourwheeled hose carriage in reserve) ; chief’s buggies, three; fuel wagons, two; horses, fifty-seven; hose, 22,500 feet, of which 3,500 feet is in bad condition and unfit for fire service. Of the hose 4,000 feet is two and three-fourths-inch cotton, rubber-lined; 500, three and one-half-inch cotton rubber-lined; 15,850, two and one-half-inch cotton, rubber-lined; 1,050 rubber chemical hose; 400, one and one-half-inch cotton hose. There are under construction the following new buildings; New headquarters; two new engine houses. All the new buildings, the best apparatus, and the finest corps of firefighters in the world, however, will not prevent the outbreak of disastrous fires. Many such could be avoided by proper care and attention on the part of the citizens, who, at least, might see to it that their chimneys are not smoke-choked, and that stovepipes are not stuck through windows and wooden partitions. It is the improperly constructed flues that cause so many fires. Chief Cook makes the following recommendations: The building of four new engine houses; the purchase of a combination chemical and hose wagon; a hook and ladder truck; a seventy-five-foot water tower (as high buildings are multiplying in the city), this tower to have, also, a deckstand, with revolving turret; a firstclass lathe for the repair shop; and the laying of a ten-inch water main on the west side of Railroad avenue, leading from Fine street to Jackson street, with sufficient fire hydrants set on it for the protection of the water front property, which includes large wharves and warehouses filled with inflammable stuff—one of the most dangerous parts of the city, in which the department is handicapped by the lack of sufficient watep facilities. For the fire alarm bureau the following are needed: Fire alarm boxes, twenty-five; gongs and indicators, three; automatic transmitter; storage battery; extensions; and placing wires underground, the total expense of which will be $9,375



Greenfield, Mass., has an indefatigable and up-todate chief engineer in Phillip Partenheimer, who has done much not only in the way of actual firefighting when the occasion demanded it, but also in that of improving the equipment of the department. During the last year he had a chemical tank attached to No. 2 hose wagon. The few fires that were extinguished by its use almost caused the district to be reimbursed for the expense of the additional apparatus. During 1902 the department answered eighteen alarms, four of which were still. The total loss amounted to $3,083.30, towards which one fire contributed $1,000; another, $762.52; and a third, $500. The value of the property at risk was $17,000; of insurance, $18,150. These figures tell their own tale of good work done by the fire department, and signify likewise that its apparatus is in firstclass condition. The existing manual force is made up as follows: Chief; assistant chiefs, three; captains, three; lieutenants, three; drivers, two; clerks, four; firemen, sixty, distributed over two hose companies and one hook and ladder company. The hose wagons carry 1,000 feet of hose apiece, and are also equipped with pony chemicals, Eastman’s Deluge sets, with Perfection nozzles, etc. The hook and ladder truck is modern, and carries chemical attachments, ladders from twelve to sixty feet, life-nets, chute, with gun and line, 4,500 feet of good hose and 1,000 of poor. There are, besides, at outlying stations two hose reels, each with 400 feet of hose, a four-wheel hose carriage and hand engine, and one exercise wagon. The department has four regular horses and two extra, the latter quartered in a livery stable. The Gamewell fire alarm telegraph system is installed, with twenty-seven boxes, two steam gongs, two whistling machines, one combination gong and indicator, four strikers, three-circuit switchboard, four galvanometers, one automatic switch for lighting electric fires in fire station, fifty-six gravity cells of battery, three circuits about ten miles, No. 10 ironcovered wire.


Chief Engineer Thomas Strohm, of the Los Angeles, Cal., fire department, does not believe in putting the city to more expense than necessary for the maintenance of its fire department. He has, therefore, established on the rear of the lot occupied by engine company No. 4, on Aliso street, a department machine shop, which, although very small, and as yet in its infancy, was able to do most of the repairs during the last year. It installed four new boilers in engines and overhauled their machinery, putting them in firstclass condition. This shop has been the means of saving the city a considerable amount in the expense of apparatus repairs. During 1902 the department answered 554 alarms of fire— an increase of eighty-six over those of 1901. There were 476 actual fires, with a property loss estimated at $440,420. December, with sixty actual fires and six false alarms, was the most trying month of the year for the department and February, with twentythree actual fires and four false alarms, the lightest. During the year three second and two third alarms were turned in. The department consists of 130 men as follows: Chief engineer; assistant chief engineer; secretary; four captain, first class; seven captains, second class; seven lieutenants; five engineers, first class; six engineers, second class; relief engineer; five drivers, first class; twenty-four drivers, second class; three drivers, third class; thirtyfour hosemen; eighteen laddermen; driver supply wagon. There are seventy-nine horses in service; eleven engines; five hose wagons; two chemical engines; one supply wagon; chief’s, assistant chief’s, electrician’s wagon. Since the city has come into the possession of the waterworks, the water department has installed about too new fire hydrants and replaced some of the single outlet hydrants to double nozzle. Chief Strohm recommends that, as soon as possible, the water department shall replace all single outlet hydrants in the business portion of the city with the doubleoutlet pattern, as engines are thereby enabled to use two suctions and draught a greater body of water, and, in addition, it enables the department to locate closer to a conflagration. He also recommends the building and equipment of another engine house; the purchase of four new engines and four hose wagons, a firstclass water tower and a monitor battery, as there are now several high buildings in the city; the remodeling and rebuilding of one of the hook and ladder trucks, which should also be provided with new ladders, or else the purchase of a new firstclass city service truck, with modem appliances and life-saving apparatus; the purchase of several necessary tools for the machine shop; a drill tower; and at least 5,000 feet of two and one-half-inch hose, so as to give each company two lines of hose. Chief Strohm is evidently determined to keep his department up-to-date. He has done too much for it to let it go down.


Last year was a disastrous one for Waterbury, Conn. During the great fire which visited it two and three-quarter acres of land were burned over, and twenty-nine brick buildings and some frame structures were totally destroyed. While the conflagration lasted thirty-one streams of water were thrown on the flames through 19,650 feet of hose, and 6,000,000 gallons of water were used. That second night in February cost Waterbury $1,372,721.49; the value of the buildings involved was $2,144,672.57; insurance involved, $1,671,511; amount of insurance paid, $984,779.05. During the year ninety-seven alarms were turned in. These involved insurance to the amount of $2,463,622.57; the loss was $1,392,258.40. Amount of insurance involved, $1,887,911; amount paid, $1,003,780.13.



Chief Hollinsworth, of Ensley, Ala., has done much to improve the local fire department and the authorities are doing their best to bring it up to a high standard. A fire alarm telegraph system has been installed and connected with headquarters and Chief Hollinsworth’s residence. Two fire wagons have already been purchased, with sufficient hose to reach the highest building in the city; other equipment is on hand for the department, and additions are to be made thereto shortly. A paid fire department will be organised, which, with the aid of the existing volunteer fire company, will be able to meet any demand. Chief Hollinsworth, who was a pioneer in the matter of fire protection in Ensley, is a man of untiring energy, and of great intelligence, in whom the business men and citizens have the highest confidence.