BEST and cheapest way to visit all points of interest at Niagara is to take the Niagara Falls Park and River railway, an electric road running along the Canadian shore from Chlppawa to Queenston, Ont., close along the edge of the chasm through which the Niagara River flows into Lake Ontario, and passing through Victoria Park, under the great suspension and cantilever bridges, through the town of Niagara Falls to Queenston, under the Brock monument. A magnificent view of the Whirlpool Falls is here enjoyed, From the Whirlpool the road passes over u high trestle spanning a ravine.

This railway was built and is operated entirely by Canadian capital and labor, and the equipment is practically Canadian. It is a model of its kind. No curve is less than 87 per cent, and the grades are light. The rails are steel, 56 pounds to the yard; the ties tamarack and cedar, laid from two to two and a half feet apart; the gauge is standard, and the road well ballasted. The cars run with remarkable smoothness. The length of the road is almost eleven and a half miles. Tubular steel and cedar poles are used In the overhead construction work, at a xnaximun interval of 100 feet; on curves, however, where the feeders are heavy, they are not over 40 to 50 feet apart. The steel poles are set in concrete; the cedar ones have a concrete footing and 13 inches of concrete around the base.

The electrical equipment of the road is the work of the Canadian General Electric Company, Toronto. Ordinary 18-foot box cars, 38-foot open, and 85-foot observation cars, having motors and several trailers, make up the rolling stock. Regular stopping places with raiser! platforms are provided; but the cars stop anywhere, on signal.

There are two large stone power houses; one just above the falls, the other situated near the wharf at Queenston. There are two new Amerlcun turbine water-wheels at the main power house, 45-inches diameter, each capable of 1,000 horse-power under 57-feet head of water. They make 281 revolutions per minute. The upright shafts are of forged steel, six Inches diameter, supported by four iron bridge trees in each penstock, and fitted with lignum vlt® boxes and thrust bearings. The two wheels weigh over six tons, and there is accommodation in the pit for a third wheel. The switchboard, in seven sections, is made of slate and set in iron frame. The polished an The potential at this station is kept at from 550 to 600, and the average current runs from 800 to 400 amperes.


At the lower station the power is steam; two tubular boilers, 150 horse-power each, and two condensing engines driving one Edison and one T. H. generators of 100 k. w. each. One is sufficient for the average load; the other being thrown in on special occasions.

The road is double tracked throughout. A length from Chippawa to Slater’s Point, distance one mile and a quarter, has been built, making a connection with steamers to Buffalo and other points. Thousands of passengers are carried over the line weekly.

Ross Mackenzie, a well-known railroad man in Canada, is general manager of the line.



The high service system of water-works begun at Manchester, N. H., in 1803, is now virtually completed at a cost up to the present time of $195,110.89. Hydrants are being set at intervals of 800 feet on Elm street and 400 feet on the other streets, the pressure ranging from 110 to 130 pounds to the square inch. A 12-inch pipe from the high service reservoir has superseded the old cement affairs that formerly did duty in that line, and the old low service and the new high service reservoirs have been connected, so that each can, if necessary, serve the other, The Dew pumping station has been built away in the woods, and about seven miles more of distribution pipe have been laid, making a total of eighty miles, of which seventeen and a quarter are being cement lined. About 191 new services have been put in this year, and sixty-five new hydrants set, making a total of 682 public hydrants in the city. The expense of new piping, at $23 per ton, has been $41,400.

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