No man in the water-works business has had a more varied and up-hill career than the subject of this article. Born in Stowe, Vt., in 1865, he was left an orphan in 1874. Having no relatives, young Wood drifted to Boston and began life selling papers and blacking boots. Feeling that greater things were due him, he came to New York, and after a white divided his time between boot blacking, selling papers and carrying messages. In 1880 he went to New Haven and sold newspapers, and finally became a route boy on The Journal and Courier. When The Morning News started Wood was placed in charge of the city distribution. He started routes on his own responsibility, handling all the morning and evening papers and monthlies. He worked from 3 A. M. to 8 A. M., and from 2 to 7 P. M. Bet ween these hours he attended school and studied nights. In 1886 he was appointed assistant city engineer of the city, and in 1887 became a draughtsman on the Burlington and Missouri River Railroad in Nebraska. In May, 1887, he returned to New Haven and the city engineer’s department. In July. 1889, was made assistant engineer in charge of Raleigh (N. C.) sewerage. I11 January. 1890, became junior partner of the firm of Wright & Wood, general engineering practice, Knoxville, Tenn. In 1890 was appointed engineer and superintendent of the Knoxville waterworks, and in March, 1893, resigned to resume general practice of engineer. In 1888 was elected Junior American Society of Civil Engineers. He is also a member of the American Water-works Association.


I N. Chase, the secretary and manager of the water-works of Detroit, Mich., was promoted to this position from a subordinate one January 1, 1889. Ilis main endeavor has been to perfect the entire system as far as possible, and particularly to operate the works as economically as circumstances would permit. He became a member of the American Water-works Association immediately upon his promotion, and spent his leisure hours in studying the proceedings of the previous years of its organization. What he knows about water-works management lie claims is largely due to the education he thus received. The necessity for reducing the waste of water or of enlarging the works, was forced upon his attention during the second month of his incumbency. He advised the board to introduce meters rather than enlatge the works, the amount estimated for such enlargement being $600,000. It is hardly necessary to enter into a history of his struggles and the many trials that awaited him along the way. Detroit is an old, conservative city, and many of its best citizens denounced this attempt to “curtail their use of a beverage that should be as free as air.’ The results can be briefly stated. The population of Detroit in 1888 was 192,730, and the population in 1892 was 238,683, or an increase of 46,000 people, and a large increase also in its business and manufacturing consumption.

The consumption of water in 1888 was 14⅛ billion gallons with a per capita daily consumption of 204 gallons. The consumption of water in 1892 was 12X billion gallons, and a per capita daily consumption of 140 gallons. Various other innovations and improvements have been made through his influence that have resulted in a wonderful decrease in its operating expenses.




The subject of this sketch was born in Newton, Mass., November 30, 1851. He entered the office of the city engineer in Boston in 1869, and with the exception of three years, during which he was superintendent of the eastern division of the Boston water-works, he has been constantly engaged in the designing and superintendence of municipal engineering work, principally in connection with the water supply. The new high service works of Boston were designed and constructed under his immediate supervision, and he also had charge of the introduction of the Deacon waste water meter system for the prevention of waste. He was president of the New England Water-Works Association from June, 1889, to June, 1890, and is at present one of the editors of the association journal. Mr. Brackett is also a member of the American and Boston societies of civil engineers.


The superintendent of the Zanesville (O.) water-works, was born in that town in 1847, and on account of the death of his father when quite young, was compelled to begin life’s struggle very early. After drifting about in a number of places Mr. Saup shouldered a musket and went to the front to help guard the honor of the nation. After the war he became a pattern-maker, and in 1885 he was appointed superintendent of the water-works. He has made his influence felt in this position in many ways, and much of the excellent system in vogue in Zanesville is due to his efforts.


Superintendent C. A. Waters of the Adams (Mass.) waterworks is one of the best known men in that section of the State. Mr. Waters has done a great deal to improve the system of Adams, and has endeared himself to the people for his enterprise and public spirit.


Joseph A. Lockweod, superintendent and clerk of the Yonkers (N. Y.) water-works, was born in Westchester county, N. Y., in 1847. He entered Union College in 1864, and was graduated in 1867, with the degree of C. E, He has been engaged in the practice of his profession of civil engineer since leaving college, on railroads, streets, sewers, water-works, etc. Was appointed assistant engineer of the Yonkers water-works in 1874, and has since been connected with the works in construction and operation. He was appointed clerk of the Board of Water Commissioners in 1885, and superintendent of the works in 1887.


Mr. Hathaway is the water registrar of Springfield (Mass.) Water Department. He is a young man not yet thirty-five. All his life has been spent in Springfield, where he has filled a number of offices of responsibility and trust. In 1881 he was appointed clerk to George A. Ellis, water registrar, and in 1886. when Mr. Ellis resigned Mr. Hathaway was elected to fill the vacancy. The city has never regretted the change, and Mr. Hathaway can remain as long as he pleases, so acceptably does he fill the place.


This gentleman is at present water commissioner of Adams, Mass., having at onetime been chief engineer of the department. His services in this direction were of the greatest help to the town, and there are those who believe it will be impossible for a long time to fill the position with a man who will prove as acceptable as Mr. Jenks.


The manager of the New York and Mount Vernon Water Company was born in Indiana, but spent his early boyhood in Kansas, when that State was a territory. He was educated at Fastham College. Richmond, Ind. After leaving college he entered the government service in the Indian Territory, being chief clerk, first at the Sac and Fox, and afterward at the Cheyenne and Arapahoe Indian Agencies, and was then transferred by the Interior department to the chief clerkship at Haskell Institute, a government institution at Lawrence, Kan. Growing tired of the government service he accepted the secretaryship of the Kansas State University, which place he resigned to spend two years in California on private business. In 1891 he assumed the management of the waterworks at Lawrence, Kan., and last year he was transferred and promoted to the management of the above-named plant. In the last two years he has received very flattering offers to return to the Government service, but prefers his present position.


John L. Harrington was born in Cambridge. Mass., thirtyseven years ago. and was educated in the public schools of his native city. Having a natural tendency for drawing, he decided upon a career in engineering. For four years he followed in this profession, when lie took a course of study in the Massachusetts Normal Art School, afterward working in the city engineer’s office of Cambridge. Finding such close application to draughting an injury to his eyesight, he entered the water department, where he has been employed during the past fourteen years, acting as foreman during the last ten years. The system of plan records and sketches wh’ch Mr. Harrington has introduced, when completed and carried out in detail, must prove of great value to the department. Mr. Harrington is identified with other interests in the city, and is a strong believer in advanced ideas as applied to public work.


This well-known hydraulic engineer, surveyor and essayist has been a resident of South Norwalk, Conn., since his birth. He began engineering under his father, and few men have •rected and had charge of constructing as many water-works, dams and sewerage systems as Mr Rider, and aP his work is characterized by solidity and durability.