Philadelphia Filter Proves its Worth
The present outbreak of typhoid fever in Germantown, Manayttnk and other northwestern wards in the Roxborough water district, due to storm break in the big distribution mains, which for ten days necessitated the furnishing of raw or unfiltered water from the Schuylkill to that district until repairs to the distribution mains were made, is cited as actual proof of the efficiency of Philadelphia’s $30,000,000 slow sand water filtration system in the saving of life and safeguarding the health of the community. Since the establishment of the slow sand filtration system the average number of new cases of typhoid in Philadelphia has been less than 25 a week. Prior to 1000. or before filtered water was generally supplied, the health bureau records show that in flood seasons the number of new cases of typhoid each week frequently ran considerably over 400. The first week in January there were 147 new’ cases of typhoid in the city, of which 122 cases were located in the Roxborough water district, comprising the 21st, 22d, 38th, 42d and 43d wards, or on the basis of population that number of cases of typhoid among less than one-seventh of the entire community. While there was an increase in new ca-es of the disease that week, as compared with the previous seven days, Director Neff said that the epidemic doubtless had about run its course, and that city, so far as typhoid was concerned, would be again on a normal basis within a few days. The break in the Roxborough distribution mains occurred on the night of November 29. It took the water bureau nearly ten days to repair the broken mains and meanwhile the Roxborough water district was furnished unfiltered water. Widespread newspaper advice was given by Doctor Neff to residents of the district of that fact, with urgent requests that until filtered water was restored, householders boil all drinking water. “The value of the city’s filtration system,” Doctor Neff said, “however grave the misfortune of the breaking of the Roxborough distribution main in its effects on life and health of the community has been, is again shown to be inestimable. I believe that the typhoid outbreak, due to such intereference with the filtered water system, has reached its climax, typhoid records next week doubtless will be more nearly normal. “The last census gives the population of Philadelphia as 1,549,008. Of that population 221,460 reside in the Roxborough water district. New cases of typhoid therein last week numbered 122 while in the rest of the city with a population of 1,327,548 that uninterruptedly since the stablishment of tho filtration system has been furnished pure water, the typhoid cases numbered only 36.
An item was recently published in this journal which gave the name of the chief of Duluth, Minn., as 1. G. Cox. This was an error as Joseph Randall was appointed Chief of the Duluth department in July, 1909, immediately after the. death of J. T. Black. He is still in that position and is favorably thought of by the citizens on account of his ability as a fire fighter, and there is no reason why he should not re-
Fitchburg. Mass., has received from the works of the American-La Franee Fire P’ngine Company a compination chemical engine and hose car. and has a 40-gallon chemical tank, body to carry 1,200 feet of hose and is equipped with a three-way turret nozzle and is to be up-to-date in every respect.