Plan Adopted for Handling I. A. F. E. Reports
Will Insure Careful Consideration by Members —Further Discussion of Report of Committee on Drill Schools, Drills and Training
THIRD DAY—FIRST SESSION Wednesday, July 28, 9:30 A. M.
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(NOTE-FIRE AND WATER ENGINEERING stands ready to co-operate with the Association in the consideration of these reports and will publish any discussion on them sent in by chiefs or others.— EDITOR.)
CHIEF HANEY—Before that motion is put wouldn’t it be a good idea to have it distinctly undestood that if any member of the association, after reading the report as printed in our annual proceedings, has any criticism to make of the report or any part thereof, that they send those criticisms to the chairman or members of the committees. I think if there are any criticisms of that report that they might be printed also, so that we may have the advantage of such criticisms,—I mean any criticisms of this or any other report—let us have both the reports and the criticisms thereon.
CHIEF McDONNELL—I agree to that motion.
FIRST V. P. HEALY—The motion is that reports of all committees, together with criticisms and suggestions, be printed in our book of proceedings and circulated among the members of this association, and referred back to the committees to be taken up at our next regular meeting.
CHIEF STANTON, Norwich, Conn.—That is all right. I heartily agree with the suggestion, under the conditions existing, but I wish you to have in mind that at the present time these committees have never been made standing committees of the association. We were appointed at the last annua! meeting, or directly thereafter, by President Kenlon, not with the understanding that we were to be standing committees to be continued, but with the purpose of taking up certain matters and making reports thereon. I take it that these committees cannot be made standing committees of the association without a vote of the convention. There are other considerations in connection with the matter: Certainly if these committees are continued as standing committees they will have a pretty easy job next year, because they cannot do anything but bring in the papers next year, and we will be one year late in considering the subjects. Cetainly I shall be glad to turn my paper in without reading, if that is the wish of the convention, but the first thing this convention must do, if you are going to continue these committees as standing committees, is to take a vote thereon.
CHIEF ALDER, Tulsa, Okla.—In order to make these committees work a little bit harder I suggest that every member of the association, after reading over these reports, in event he finds anything to criticize or suggest, write his suggestions or criticisms to the Chairmen or any member of the committees. In that way the members of the committees can circulate these ideas among themselves, and in getting up their report next year they wild have the benefit of the advice and criticisms and suggestions of members who have carefully considered the subject.
CHIEF HENSHAW, Scarsdale, N. Y.—Before the question is put I should like to offer a suggestion: I have had some discussion among a number of the members of the association present at this convention over a plan of procedure as to handling these reports, and I would like to read this suggestion, which applies to next year, not this year:
A PLAN FOR HANDLING ASSOCIATION REPORTS
A. Committee reports to be forwarded to the secretary two months in advance of the annual meeting will have same printed at once and sent to all members soliciting suggestions and criticisms.
B. The Secretary will send to. each committee prior to the annual meeting all suggestions or criticisms received which refer to their reports.
C. The committee will make any changes or revisions which seem advisable and present the report with such changes at the annual meeting.
D. At the annual meeting the reports will be taken up by the committee chairman by section or paragraph heading only and discussion requested.
E. The report then to be adopted as a tentative standard or a preliminary report and printed in full in the proceedings with revisions and discussions.
F. All members are requested to send to the secretary’s office during the year any further comments which they may care to offer.
G.The report will be again submitted at the next annual meeting and be adopted by the association as a standard or tentative standard as the case may be.
If we adopt this plan of procedure the motion which has been made and is now before the house that all reports be accepted and sent to the members of the association will be right in line with this procedure. This will simplify matters and produce a business-like method of procedure for next year and avoid a lot of trouble and confusion.
At the same time there may be some new committees formed by the incoming Board of Directors. Their reports, if this plan is carried out, will be sent to the Secretary two months before the next annual convention, and then this proceeding will be followed. For this year we can simply have the reports printed in the proceedings and circulated as has been suggested in the motion now pending, and then we will proceed regularly hereafter. After that motion has been adopted I should like to make this suggestion in the form of a motion.
CHIEF KENLON—Would Chief McDonnell withdraw his motion and substitute the statement by Chief Henshaw? That is an intelligent manner of handling this business, and I would ask Chief McDonnell to withdraw his motion and substitute Chief Henshaw’s motion, and then I would like to second it.
CHIEF McDONNELL—Chief Henshaw has made no motion, but I will accept his suggestion. If it is in the form of a resolution it can be offered after this motion is adopted.
CHIEF BOYD—I call for the previous question.
The motion heretofore made as to printing the reports of all the committees in the book of proceedings, etc., was unanimously adopted.
CHIEF HENSHAW—I now offer the resolution which I have heretofore read to the convention and move its adoption.
CHIEF KENLON-I second the motion.
The resolution was unanimously adopted.
CHIEF HANEY—It is understood now that the balance of this report, with the comments thereon, together with all of the other reports of the committees ready to be submitted, and comments and suggestions thereon, will be incorporated in our proceedings at this point and sent to the members?
FIRST V. P. HEALY—That is the understanding.
CHIEF MORAN—There is only one more comment and it might be a good plan just to read that section and put the comment in here. Our section is as follows:
Connect Two Lines to Steamer Connection on Stand-Pipe and Operate Stand-Pipe Line on Sixth Floor: Two lines of hose are stretched from hydrant to stand-pipe connections on building. Nos. 1, 2 and 3 go to the sixth floor, Nos. 4 and S connect the two lines to the steamer connection, No. 6 goes to the hydrant; as soon as Nos. 4 and 5 have their lines connected they call for water on the lines, No. 6 opens the hydrant as soon as the men making the connections call for the water, Nos. 1 and 2 operate nozzle on the stand-pipe line, No. 3 operates valve on the stand-pipe.
CHIEF MORAN—The comment by Batt. Chief Larkin is as follows:
Stand-Pipe Work: Report described operation of stretching from hydrant to standpipe Siamese, men proceeding to 6th floor, etc., but does not state that fire department hose shall be taken up to 6th floor.
In operating from stand-pipes, the men proceeding up stairs should always carry up at least two lengths of 2 1/2 inch hose and controlling nozzle, axe and claw-tool. House lines attached to stand-pipe equipment cannot be depended on, and men proceeding up stairs should take necessary equipment for operation.
CHIEF MORAN—And then the balance of our report may be printed in the record as follows:
Connect and Operate Cellar Pipe (Hart or Baker): A portable platform six or eight feet high should be provided for operating cellar pipes and distributers.
Connect pipe to 2 1/2 inch line, each cellar pipe should be provided with a controlling gate at the hose connection, and the line connected to the gate. Take cellar pipe to platform, put pipe through hole so as the arms rest on the platform, one man gets on platform adjusts pipe and calls for water.
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Connect Distributing Nozzle and Operate (Bresnan): This nozzle should be connected to male length of 2 1/2 inch hose about 10 feet long with a gate valve connected to the other end of hose. Take up on platform put through hole and start water.
Connect Four 2 1/2-Inch Lines Into Four-Way Deluge Set: Stretch four 2 1/2-inch lines into four-way connection, at the same time stretching out the 3 1/2-inch length with pipe and adjust pipe holder. Turn on water.
On all hose work the drills are conducted by using dry lines, and each man is required to work in the different positions on the lines. On the last few days of each term all the drills are conducted by using water on the lines.
Operating Turret Pipe on Hose Wagon: Stretch two 3-inch lines and one 2 1/2-inch line from hydrant to turret pipe on hose wagon. When connections are made two men get on wagon to operate pipe when water is started. Always connect an extra length of bose to all lines for turret pipes or water towers so as their location can be changed without disconnecting lines.
Operating Chemical Tank on Hose Wagon: Stretch chemical line and dump tank, then explain the operation of agitator if one is on tank, the amount of soda and acid needed for charging different sizes of chemical tanks, then stretch 254-inch line from hydrant and make connections to 2 1/2-inch hose reducer on tank, call for water and when tank is exhausted operate the proper valves to connect water from the 2 1/2-inch hose through chemical hose?
Operating Water Tower (Spring): Place tower in position front of building with the base of mast opposite the point the tower stream will be directed to, chock wheels, set axle clutches and pin on fifth wheel if horse drawn; set jack if motor drawn. Five men are used for operating tower, all stand at base of mast facing each other; one man pulls split pin which keeps foot lever in place, then presses down on it with his foot, this releases the cross head lock which compresses the springs in the cylinders and the tower raises, but the brake should be applied before it raises to a vertical position, to prevent it coming back with a jar. When in a vertical position place crosshead clutch in position.
Raise mast, straighten out four inch hose as mast goes up, then place tormentor poles in position and close drain valve. Connect hose lines to connections on outside (opposite side from fire) open valve to supply mast, place nozzle in position by means of wheel located near bottom of mast which is connected to a rod and extends up alongside of mast to nozzle. Elevate or lower nozzle by means of cable operated by hand.
Lowering Tower: Close valve to supply mast and open drain valve, having nozzle pointing to the rear. One man place lever on hand brake, throw out gear pawl, then lower inner tube by using hand brake, two men straighten out four inch hose as mast lowers, remove clutch that holds tower in position, remove tormentor poles from side of mast.
Four men on turntable throw out gear pawl, then lower tower by hand, one man on rear end of deck guiding tower and cable in bracket which holds it. Throw back gear pawls, remove pin from fifth wheel and axle clutches or axle jacks, shut off water and disconnect hose from side connections, remove wheel chucks.
Raise and Operate Aerial Ladder (Spring): The truck is placed in proper position in front of the building with the center of the turntable opposite the point where the ladder is going to rest. Remove the tiller wheel and swing seat clear of the ladder. Chock the front wheels and set tormentors under turntable in proper position. Five men are used for operating ladder. All stand on turn table facing each other, two men on the raising crank, two men on the fly-ladder cranks, one man to operate foot lever and band brake. When the ladder is about to be raised pull but the split pin which keeps foot-lever in place; then press down on the lever with the foot. This releases crosshead-lock which holds the spring compressed in the cylinders and the bed ladder raises to a vertical position. The band brake should be used at all times to prevent the ladder coming back with a jar.
When the ladder is raised to a vertical position, release set-pin and screw on turn-table, take hold of turn wheel and turn to the right until the bed ladder is facing the building, then screw down on the set screw to keep the table in position, and extend the fly ladder to the desired height, lock the fly-ladder locks and let the ladder in about a foot from the building, then set rackets on racket wheel and ladder is ready for use.
Lowering Aerial Ladder: Remove the rackets from racket wheel, reverse raising cranks, bring the ladder out from the building and lower fly ladder, down to its position, release the set-screw on turntable, take hold of turn-wheel and turn to the left until ladder comes around to its proper position, when the set pin will lock automatically in the turn-table, then lower bed ladder in place, insert split pin into foot lever to keep it in position, then replace tiller-wheel and tiller-seat, remove tormentors and wheel chocks.
Signals, Company Assignments, rules and Regulations: Toward the end of their term at the school new men should receive instruction on receiving and sending alarms and special signals used in the department and the Rules and Regulations. Throughout the whole period while probationary men are receiving instruction the importance of strict obedience to all orders received from their superiors should be taught them.
Organization of Company School: In order to keep the members of the department up to a high standard of efficiency and acquaint them with the workings of all new fittings and appliances introduced from time to time, a company school should be organized. This school should be under the command of a drill master who should compile a number of evolutions which are performed in actual fire duty. This school should be attended by companies with their full complement of officers and men. The time of attendance should be designated by the drill master, who should keep a record of attendance and time periods for the completion of every evolution. The drill master should explain in detail every evolution to the officer in charge of the company, the officer in turn should explain it to the men, and when it is thoroughly explained he should give the command—go—which should be the signal command for the commencement of the evolution. Each evolution should be performed by the company and timed, and the total time of all evolutions should be compiled. Companies should be classed in groups according to the numerical strength of the company. The weaker groups should be granted a time allowance in order that they may successfully compete with the stronger group. In order to make the competition keen, a reward in the form of a prize should be given to the officers and members of the company performing all evolutions correctly and in the best time; this each year. In performing company work if apparatus is not used, the hose, ladders and equipment are usually laid out on the ground where they can readily be picked up when needed.
The following is a list of company evolutions from which a list may be selected suitable for company drilling. The first twenty-seven operations require the use of most of the equipment used in nearly all fire departments; they are followed by several operations used in connection with high pressure hydrant systems and fire boats, similar to what is used in a few of the very largest departments.
(To be continued)