Protection of Potable Waters.
In a contribution on the above subject to La Technique Sanitaire, published in Brussels, Belgium, the author, G. Lidy, chief engineer of bridges and highways and chief engineer of works of the city of Bordeaux, France, discusses, at length, the French laws governing the protection of potable waters, the efficiency of which, as far as their enforcement by prosetion is concerned, he evidently questions. The following indicates the proceeding under which protection for such waters may be claimed: The law of February 15, relative, to the protection of public health, embodies some novel provisions for the protection of potable waters. These provisions are as follows:
Art. 10. The decree covering the declaration of the otitllow of a spring to be a public utility. for the service of a certain community, shall ensure, if at the same time, full ownership of the property has been acquired, an area of protection against the pollution of laid spring. It is forbidden to scatter, within this area, human refuse, or to bore wells, without the authority of the prefect. The indemnity, which must be paid to the proprietor of these lands, shall be determined according to the form of the law of May 3. 1841, on condemnations on account of public utility and for property to which full title has been acquired. These provisions apply also to wells or conduits furnishing potable waters derived from a subterranean source. The right of use, etc. —Article 28. Whoever, by negligence or carelessness, damages public or communal works, designed to receive or convey drinking water; whoever wilfully or carelessly shall permit the introduction of excrementary substances or any other substance injurious to health, into the water of springs, fountains, wells, cisterns, conduits, aqueducts or reservoirs of water serving for public consumption, shall be subject to the punishments prescribed in articles 47U and 480 of thc*penal code. Under the same penalties, it is forbidden to deposit the careases of animals, slaughterhouse refuse, foecal matter and generally putrescible animal mat shall be punishable by’ penalties prescribed in ter. in the ditches, pits, excavations of any other description, forming part of such establishment. Every voluntary act of this nature article 257 of the penal code.