RECENT BIG FIRES

RECENT BIG FIRES

(Specially Reported for FIRE AND WATER ENGINEERING.)

The following are among the important recent fires occurring in various sections of the country which have been specially reported to FIRE AND WATER ENGINEERING :

High Pressure System Saves Engle Building at Jackson

The L. Engle Building, containing several small establishments and stores, in the central portion of Jacksonville, Fla., was found to be on fire recently by a citizen passing at the time. He telephoned an alarm at once, to which the fire department, under command of Chief T. W. Haney, responded promptly. The fire started, from an unknown cause, on the third floor rear, at 7 :35 a. m., in the furniture store, and had gained great headway when the department arrived, but, in spite of this fact, the firemen succeeded in confining it to the floor in which it originated. The buildng, which was 17 years old, was three stories in height, and constructed of brick, 105x 105 feet in area, with partition walls. In the 70-foot street on which the building stood, and other adjoining avenues, were both high and low pressure mains of 8 and 12 inches, the low pressure at 00 and the high at 175 pounds, and this fact contributed largely to the success of the firemen in preventing the spread of the flames. The apparatus in use, another important feature in success of the department, were three pumpers, two combination cars, two high pressure hose wagons, one aerial ladder truck, two city service ladder trucks, all of AmericanLaFrance make, and two horse-drawn hose wagons. There were six low pressure double 4 and 6 inch hydrants and six high pressure three-way hydrants, with one 3-inch and two 2 1/2-inch openings, spaced 300 to 350 feet apart for the low, and 150 to 210 for the high, available. In all 15 streams were thrown, two engine, five from the high pressure, and six from the low pressure hydrants. There were 9,000 feet of hose laid, of which one length burst, and the nozzle sizes used were 1 1/16 to 1 1/2 inches. There were also used five lines of 3-inch hose, with nozzles of 1 1/2 inches, in connection with the high pressure system. The water supply is by direct pumping. The advantage of the high-pressure system which Jacksonville has installed is well illustrated by this fire, which, though threatening to become a very severe one, was so quickly controlled by the department, with comparatively small loss. The building was valued at $75,000, and the loss was only about $12,000. The contents, valued at $70,000, sustained a loss of $40,000. The illustrations show the firemen at work at different periods of the fire, using the high pressure streams to good advantage.

The Jacksonville Fire, Showing High Pressure Streams in Use.

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