BAY CITY, MICH.
The receipts of the water department of Bay City, Mich., for 1894, were $272.82 less than for 1893, and those from miscellaneous sources, $302.14 more. The former was due to the depression in manufacturing interests and the consequent partial closing down of many of the industries of the city; the latter, to the furnishing and laying of several hundred feet of pipe for private individuals, repaid by the consumers. During 1894, 19,520,615 gallons less than in 1893 were pumped. Of this decrease, more than 9,000,000 gallons was in water supplied through meters for manufacturing purposes, and while the number of manufacturing meters was still only ninety-eight, there was no water used during 1894 through eight of them, a number of others showing a material decrease in the quantity of water used through them. A very important work accomplished during the year was the entire reconstruction of the old effluent chamber of the inlet basin and the removal of about 3,000 cubic yards of sediment and clay from the basin, with more to be removed. The cost of operating the works for the year including maintenance and repairs was $16,977.98. The total receipts from all sources were $23,554.72. The total quantity of water pumped during 1894 was 1,024,735,621 gallons, of which 1,008,697,844 were pumped against an average domestic pressure of 40 pounds per square inchat the grade, ora total lift of 112 feet from the surface level of the water in the wells; 15,037,777 were pumped agsinst an average litc pressure of 70 pounds per square inch at the guage, equal to a lift of 182 feet from the surface of the water in thewells. Average lift of all the water pumped, 113 feet. Cost figured on total pumping station expenses, $7,467.09; per 1,000,000 gallons pumped, $7.29; raised 100 feet,$6.45. Cost of fuel per 1,000,000 gallons pumped,$3.29; raised 100 feet, $2.91. The total quantity of water supplied through meters during 1894,exclusive of a small quantity —supplied for building purposes, was 105,143,896 gallons, a decrease of nearly 5,000,000 gallons from 1898. The quantity supplied through meters for manufacturing purposes was 52,288,770 gallons, 5.16-100 per cent., a decrease of 81,787,869 gallons—a fair index of the depression which existed in the manufacturing industries of the city during the year. The quantity supplied through meters for domestic purposes was 52,255,126 gallons, 5.10 per cent., an increase of 8,835,249 gallons; but then the number of domestic meters incieased nearly 17 per cent., while the quantity of water supplied through them increased less than 8 per cent., showing thus that the supply was considerably less per meter than in 1898. The total amount charged on the roll of 1894 for water supplied through meters for manufacturing purposes was $4,795.45, a decrease of $745.52; and the amount for water through meters for domestic purposes was $6,211.76, an increase of $685.59. The average daily consumption for a population (estimated at 83,000, with 19,500 on pipe line, of whom 12,500 were supplied), was 2,807,495, or 83 8-10 to each inhabitant, 208 to each consumer, or 1,528 to each service (dist. 22). The to tal length of distributing mains in service was 226,435 9.12 feet. Seven Flower patent valves were set in the distributing mains, making in all 647, of which 591 are Flower patent, 54 Galvin, and 2 Brown patent. The number of new fire hydrants set during the year was 4, 2 Brown (6-inch inlet, 3 hose nozzles), 2 Holly (4-inc.h inlet, 2 hose nozzes), making 370 in all, of the following makes: Matthews, 212; Holly, 132; Gaskill, 16; Galvin, 5; Bourbon, 3; Morgan, 1; Brown, 1. The numberof meters was 516,102 having been set during the year at a cost of $674.49. Of these, 90 are manufacturing, 416 are domestic, and 2 are test meters. The whole cost of purchasing and setting meters up to December 31,1894 (including value of meters on hand, $1,378.87, meter box covers and fittings on hand, $79.28, and cost of setting 97 meters and 2 indicators removed $742.74), was $15,654,481