Simplified First Aid for Fire Departments

Simplified First Aid for Fire Departments

A Serviceable System Developed, Including a Compact Cabinet— Red Cross Method Found Too Complicated for Fire Department Use

THE knowledge of the principles of first aid are very essential for members of the fire department. Chief Coop has devised a system that, divested of unnecessary technicalities, gives aH the necessary details that the members need to know in a simple and practical manner:

About four years ago the writer in conjunction with local Red Cross officials instituted a course of first aid instruction to all members of the department. This course while of material benefit proved to be too complicated and dealt with too many technicalities to make it entirely successful in strictly fire departmental work. Accordingly I suggested a course which dealt with cases likely to be encountered in fighting fires. The department’s function was to render first aid. to alleviate suffering immediately, while awaiting the arrival of the doctor.

Pasadena Fire Department First Aid Drill Team at Work. team with paraphernalia. Gas masks are used at beginning of demonstration to remove patient from smoke-filled room.first aid demonstration at Maryland Hotel 100% Club.

The first aid kits furnished by the Red Cross were also found to be inadequate, they were too small, and the contents so packed as to require the removal when anything was desired. The market, too, did not offer anything that entirely filled the bill.

How Four Groups of Training are Divided

After many months of study, it was finally decided that the first aid training should be confined to four groups, divided as follows:

Group No. 1

Burns: First. Second, Third: How to distinguish each; Treatment for each; Bandages—Stimulants.

Group No. 2

Suffocation: Various causes; Artificial respiration; Lung -Motor or Inhalator.

Group No. 3

Bleeding: How to distinguish bleeding from veins and arteries; Dangers and treatment; Shock: treatment, stimulants, bandages.

Group No. 4

General Knowledge: Stretcher drill; Bandaging; Fractures.

Ideas drawn from the Red Cross and Bureau of Mines Manuals furnished suggestions which were incorporated into a course covering the above outline, and instruction and drills were and are given in accordance with this new course.

New First Aid Cabinet Designed

As the small first aid kits were found unsuitable and none could be purchased that were entirely satisfactory, an entirely new first aid cabinet was designed and built in the department. As the illustrations show every article is quickly available and can be removed without disturbing any other, and at the same time the cabinet provides a clean working table to work from. Ordinarily it is carried strapped on the running board of the apparatus but in case of necessity it may be removed and carried to any spot desired.

At present two cabinets are installed, one on Squad No. 1 and the other on City Service Truck No. 2. Six more are to be built and installed so that each engine company will be similarly equipped. A third cabinet is used for exhibition work in conjunction with first aid demonstrations which are frequently given before service clubs and other public meetings.

Supplies Carried in First Aid Cabinet

The following list comprises the contents of each cabinet:

Upper Drawer:

1—Doz. drinking cups (paper)

1—Doz. iodine vaporoles

2—Pr. scissors

1—Pr. jaw forceps 1—medicine dropper

1—Doz. tongue depressors

2—Doz. ammonia vaporoles 1— Pr. tongue forceps

1—Pr. tweezers 1—Doz. safety pins

3—1 oz. mercuro chrome

(Continued on page 1403)

Apparatus of Squad No. 1, Fasadena fire Department. Upper shows first aid cabinet carried on tunning board of car.Lower, close up of cabinet, open. Contents of each compartment are marked on outside.

First Aid for Fire Departments

(Continued from page 1387)

Second Drawer:

4—Pkgs. picric acid gauze

3—dressings for small cuts 1—Doz. finger dressings

Third Drawer:

6—40 in. triangular bandages

6—small compress bandages

6—large compress bandages

4—special compress bandages

Lower Drawer:

6—3 in. x 10 yd. roller bandages

1—4 in. x 10 yd. roller bandages

4—2 in. x 10 yd. roller bandages

1—large first aid dressing

1—1 in. x 10 yd. adhesive tape.

1—1 1/2 in. x 10 yd. adhesive tape

11/2 in. x 10 yd. adhesive tape

1—1 3/4 oz. carbolated vaseline

1—flash light

4—1 in. x 10 yd. roller bandages

Sliding Compartment:

1—2 oz. absorbent cotton 1—4 oz. lysol

1—4 oz. saturated boric acid 1—tubeboric acid ointment

3—bot. picric acid gauze 1 yd. sq.

1—2 oz. aromatic spirits of ammonia

2—tourniquets

Water Compartments:

1—1 qt. bottle carron oil

1—1 gal. distilled water

1—lb. can K. I. P.

4—Linen Towels.

Blanket Compartment:

6—large wooden splints

2—woolen blankets

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