SMOKE HELMETS IN EUROPE.
The use by firemen of smoke helmets has been common on the European continent for some time, especially in France, but has not been generally adopted elsewhere. The Manchester, England, authorities, however, now claim to have an outfit, with which they have been experimenting for some time, which is likely to prove of great value in enabling the firemen to carry on their work in the presence of the worst smoke and fumes. The helmet is fastened around the neck by means of a cloth attachment. It has a glass door in front, and, when this is closed, the fireman’s head and face are sealed from contact with noxious vapors. A flexible metal tube supplies him with air, which is pumped from a special steam engine. From the steamer electricity is also supplied for a telephone fixed’ in the helmet to enable its wearer to communicate with the outside, and for the electric lights which the fireman equipped with the apparatus will carry. The outfit has not yet been used at a fire, but has been put through severe tests at the headquarters of the brigade. So tar there are only four sets of it in existence, hut it is understood that orders have been given for manufacture upon an extensive scale. It may be added that the Vajen-Bader helmets are in use in some fire brigades both in England and on the continent of Europe.