STREAMS AND RIVERS OF NEW YORK STATE.
LAST year the United States Geological Survey successfully carried on the work of scientific measurement and study of the streams and rivers of New York State. The work will be carried on again this year. Hitherto it has mostly been confined to the Mohawk river and streams within its watershed, the Block river, from which it was proposed to draw water for the Erie canal, and the upper sections of the Hudson river at Mechanicsville and Fort Edward. This year will see the establishments of new statious on the Moose and Beaver rivers, and probably on some of the more important streams flowing through northern New York Into the St. Lawrence river, on which there is a possibility of developing valuable waterpower. The Adirondack region will also receive greater attentiou than before, in order that more may be learned regarding the run-off than is now known. Besides the work in the eastern part of the State, investigations will be started in its western portion. The Genesee river will be studied, and the outflow of some of the lakes in Central New York, will be measured. In a State containing as many large cities and ns great and numerous manufacturing interests as New York does, It is of the utmost importance that its water resources be thoroughly understood, not only as a means of preserving the streams from sewage and other impurities, but also to promote their use and value as the source of cheap and efficient power for manufacturing purposes. The water board of New York city is to have the co-operation of the United States Geological Survey in the establishment of stations on the Esopus, Wallkill, Fishkill, Catskill, and, possibly, other streams in the southern part of the State which are tributaries, for the flow of these streams may be available when the final studies are made for the increase of the water supply for New York city. These stations will be established during the present season by the Government Survey.