Substitute for Gasoline
With a new fuel selling at three cents a gallon less and with 25 per cent more power and 25 per cent more mileage per gallon than gasoline, the Standard oil company comes to the rescue of the automobilist in his fight with the higher cost of motoring, says the Automobile. Motor spirit is the name of this new fuel announced by the company. It resembles gasoline very closelv except that it is yellow in color and has a very pungent odor. It has a slightly greater range of boiling points than has gasoline, its minimum point being somewhat lower than that of the older fuel and its maximum slighter. This allows a motor to be started as easily or more easily with this fuel than with gasoline. In gravity it is somewhat heavier than gasoline, ranging front 52 to 55 degrees Baurne while gasoline ordinarily runs from 58 to 60 degrees. It is not so much the lower cost of the fuel nor its greater power that means so much to the motorist. It is the fact that by its production the output of fuel for gasoline engines from a given amount of crude petroleum practically is doubled. This will fend to prevent further rises in the price of gasoline. Motor spirit is an additional by-product of petroleum to any which has been obtained heretofore, that is, in addition to the quantity of gasoline which formerly ‘had been obtained from a given amount crude, almost the same quantity of motor spirit is obtained. This has been made possible by an invention of W. M. Burton and patents for the process have been granted only since the first of the year. It is stated that the yellow color and the offensive ordor could be done away with by a process of deodorizing and decolorating similar to that employed with gasoline, but such refinement would make the product just as expensive as the older fuel. The use of motor spirit requires a slight adjustment of the carburetor as it requires more air for combustion than does gasoline. Although the new fuel has the very desirable advantage ot lower cost and increasing economy in miles per gallon, it has in its present state several disadvantages which may militate against its widespread adoption, particularly for the use in pleasure cars. In fact the Standard oil company is not offering motor spirit as a pleasure car fuel, but only as a fuel for motor trucks and for stationary engines. One of the chief disadvantages. particularly where cars are to be driven on the boulevard, is that the exhaust is in tne form of a white smoke, quite similar to that due to an excess of oil. It is stated, however, that by reducing the quantity of oil, smoking is to a great amount overcome; in fact, it is found that quite a little less cylinder oil may be used safely with motor spirit than it would be safe to use with gasoline. There is a slight carbonizing of the cylinders similar to that found when an excess of oil is used, but this deposit is soft and a weekly application of kerosene has been found to keep the cylinders clean. The fuel, although giving initial explosions on starting and letting the motor run for several minutes will seem to choke up occasionally until the manifold gets warm. This is due to the condensation in the manifold which seems to be much more pronounced than when gasoline is used. With the short intakes, however, the difficulty could be avoided. The odor of motor spirit, though unnoticeable in open air in small quantities, becomes somewhat pronounced when a tank of the fuel is kept in a closed room. For motor truck work where there is little objection to smoking and where the odor is not a fault, motor spirit will have its greatest field. The great consumption of gasoline by commercial vehicles has been threatening the available supply for some time and has been advanced as a chief reason for the increase in price of gasoline. The new fuel. However, should do verv much to relieve this situation. Motor spirit has been under test by the Standard Oil Company in its own pleasure cars and trucks for several weeks and has proved its superiority of efficiency.