SUPERINTENDENT CHACE AND THE WATER SUPPLY OF TAUNTON.
SUPERINTENDENT G. CHACE, of the water department of Taunton. Mass., reports that during 1889, extensions were made and pipes laid to close dead ends, amounting to 1.15 miles—making a total of 77.09 miles, exclusive of the Lakeville extension. The service pipes were extended 1.46 miles—making the present total 42.26 miles The following additions are also to be noticed: Ten hydrants—present total, 770; fourteen stop-gates— total, 540; two blow-offs—total, fifty-four, and 149 services—actual number of services to furnish revenue, 4,372. One hundred and ten meters were added during the year—making a total of 1,733. Of the services now in use 39 6 per cent, are metered; two standpipes have been added.
All of the city water was taken last year from Lakeville, except 56,064 gallons pumped from the filter basin during forty five minutes on April 26, when the twenty-inch main from Lakeville was flushed. The total pumpage at Taunton, from December 1, 1898 to December 1, 1899 was 525 759,797 gallons. Subtracting from this 56,064 gallons leaves 526,703,133 gallons. Adding to this about 160,000 gallons for the consumers on Middleboro avenue who take water from the ihirty-iuch main. and about 3,000 000 gallons for the waterconsumedin flushing this main, gives a total of 529,863 733 gallons. Since March. 1898, the condensing waterfor running the Gaskill engine has been taken from Elder’s pond through the thirty-inch’ pipe and measured by a meter. For the past year the amount of water thus used was 11,604,006 gallons. The whole amount of water, therefore, derived from Elder’s pond was 541,497,733 gallons. The population of Taunton by census of 1895 is 27,093. The waterworks were built in 1876 by the city; source of supply until April, 1894, ground water, with Taunton river for emergencies; since April, 1894, Elder’s pond, Lakeville—used as a storage basin, kept full by pumping from Assowompset pond, and water conveyed from Elder’s pond to Taunton pumping station by gravity; distributed by direct pumping. The average dynamic head against which the pumps work is 61.65; number of gallons pumped per pound of coal, 635.17; duty, 32,627.315; cost of pumping against average head, $9.84 per million gallons; per million gallons raised one foot-high, $1.57. The consumption is as follows;
Estimated population on lines of pipes, 27,000; population supplied by eensus, 26,890; total gallons per year. 526 759,797; passed through domestic meters, 82,510,469 ; passed through manufacturing meters, 127,498,712; average daily consumption. 1,443,177; gallons per day to each inhabitant, fifty-three; gallons per day to each consumer. 53.7; gallons per day to each tap in actual use, 330— number of taps, 4,372. The receipts from faucet rates were $22,266.09; from manufacturing meters, $14,165.94; from domestic meters, $19,843.82; other sources—including appropriation for street sprinkling, $800—brought the gross receipts up to $57,275 85. The balance to the credit side was $434.80. It is recommended that the pumping facilities be increased and that the electrical surface roads be held responsible for any damage resulting to the mains, etc., through electrolysis. The report also points out that,
if for any reason it had been necessary to lay off the Gaskill engine between the hours of six in the morning and six at night, upon these days the Holly engine could not have safely furnished, in addition to domestic consumption, a single efficient fire stream. The number of firetraps in the city has not diminished; the average daily consumption is increasing ; the danger of the possibility of a large conflagration from inadequate pumping capacity has not abated since the writing of the report of 1898.