THE ALLEGAN PLANT.
The waterworks system of Allegan, Mich., is direct pumping from wells. The engines are of the Blake pattern, and have a capacity of 3,000,000 gallons per day. There are ten miles of mains from sixteen to four-inch diameter, and eighty-one hydrants are in service. Out of 734 services none are metered, and the per capita consumption is about 220 gallons per day. The total cost construction is $92,500; bonded debt $24,000. A pressure of fifty pounds for domestic, and up to 100 pounds for fire purposes is furnished. The improvements made in 1901 and last year consist of the erection of a new pump house; the installing of a Samson waterwheel, gears, and shafting; an automatic engine; and two tubular boilers. A 2,000,000-gallon, vertical, double acting, triple pumping engine has been installed, and the old 1,000,000-gallon engine was moved to another building. The cost of these improvements was $24,000. The advantages of the changes made are, that both the waterwheels In service may be connected to the 2,000,000-gallon engine, or both pumps may be connected to the engine, with the waterwheels disconnected, in a few minutes. Maurice F. -Dyer is superintendent of the works.
At Bay City, Mich., in the thickly populated districts of the city, wells have been abandoned and in many instances people have had their cisterns removed, preferring the bay water to that which they used to get from wells, and using it to wash with rather than put their clothes into the water which comes from roofs covered with coal and soot front the chimneys.