THE BATTLE CREEK WATER WORKS
The Battle Creek, Mich., water works were originally constructed in 1887 by the Board of Public Works and have always been owned by city. The works are now operated by the Department of Public Works. A recent report by W. W. Brigden, superintendent and civil engineer, said: Source of supply, Goguac Lake, 360 acres area; water shed, 1 ½ square miles; maximum depth, 80 feet; surface of water over 80 feet above business part of the city. Part of the year the lake is fed from Minges Brook; drainage area, 14 square miles. Two Blake compound duplex condensing steam pumps, each 2,500,000 gallons daily capacity, and one Union Steam Pump Co. crank and fly wheel Corliss steam pump, 3,000,00 capacity. Pressure 65 to 85 pounds down town, 45 pounds at pumps. Average lift of pumps, 130 feet including suction and friction. Standpipe, 75 feet by 18 feet, top 200 feet above business part of city; located on highest ground near the city; capacity, 143,000 gallons. Departments pays all operating expenditures, interest and construction work out of net earnings, and could have completed a second water plant, taking water from 6-inch and 8-inch wells, 110 to 130 feet deep, five miles from present pumping station in 1913, to be run in the summer of 1914, pumping from level of business part of city. Two centrifugal pumps, motor driven, two stage, capacity 1¼ and 2½ million gallons per day. We operated our water works for over twenty-one years without purchasing a new pump, boiler or other similar part of the plant. We have made no extraordinary construction expenditure except $23,000 for diverting the Minges Brook into Goguac Lake for a larger supply, as contemplated before the works were built, and about $12,000 for a large number of experiment wells. In 1909-10 there were added a new 12-inch force main, inlet and suction pipes, extension to pumping station, a three million gallon pump and a 12-inch main to the southwest portion of the city. The same report states that meter rates are 4 to 13 cents per i,00u gallons. Minimum annual rate, $3 except for large pipes, which are as follows: 8-inch, $400; 6-inch, $200; 4-inch, $100; 3-inch, $75; 2-inch $50; 1’4-inch, $35; 154-inch, $15; 1-inch, $6. Sprinkler system pipes for fire protection, $25 per year and double regular meter rates for water used or wasted through sprinkler meter, or outside same. Meters are sold at cost or rented at annual charge of 10 per cent, on cost, except ⅝-inch meters rent for 10 cents and ¾-inch for 12 cents per month. All new takers must put on meters, and all who change pipes or fixtures or add thereto. We began placing meters in time, did it gradually, and made it an object by giving low meter rates, and says “Our people apptyove of a meter system almost unanimously.” The report also shows that the total cost of construction up to December 31, 1914, was $694,902 and gave the following data for 1914: Expended for mains, $21,112; expended for service pipe to curb (including 167 taps for paving), $5,794; lengths of mains in miles, 75; street valves, 607; public hydrants, 748; number of meters in use, 6,597; per cent, of taps metered, 97; per cent, oi water metered and paid tor, 75; number of services (not including taps qn account of paving), 6,825; operating expenses, $31,169.75; expense charged pumping account, $16,496; water pumped, in millions of gallons, 1,067; average water pumped per day, gallons, 2,922,619; estimated population of city, 30,000; water used per day, per capita, gallons, 97; water used per day, per tap, gallons, 428; income from water rates. $75,801.92; income from rent of meters, $7,412.23.