The Buffalo Waterworks System
Deputy Waterworks Commissioner Henry L. Lyon, of Buffalo, N. Y., has published a very full and exhaustive report of the waterworks system of that city. The receipts were increased during the year by $25,231.21—making $797,220.92. Other receipts amounted to $.40.720.6,3. and bonds were sold for the new tunnel and inlet pier to the amount of $250,000. The salary list came to $191,789.33; maintenance repairs, $274.329.41; extensions and improvements. $303,440.08; interest, $153,681.74; principal on bonds, $238,349.99. 1 lie department’s waste and leak force lias continued its good work. Inspections and tesis by it on the west side of the city show 4.544 buildings inspected, in which were found 4,067 leaking fixtures. The repair of these leaks shows a saving of over 2,000.000 gal. of water per dav. The plan followed in Buffalo to furnish money for pipe extension seems to Deputy Commissioner Lyon to b? “radically wrcn.” 1 he onlv moneys available for this use are whatever surplus is left after paying all expenses. During the year there were laid over five miles of new pipe—total mileage 516L2 miles. But the department has been authorised by the common council to lay ten miles more than this, and in many cases houses are standing vacant because there is no water in the street; but no funds are available. Pipe-extension is an enlargement of the plant, not a part of its maintenance: it increases the value, and should be done by bond issue, when funds could always be available. The department set 166 new hydrants—making 4.891 in all; 232 new valves, 8,231 in all; taps increased 1,102 during the year—making 71,689 in use. The pumps did fairly good service; but their age is against them and they require more expense for repairs than is profitable, and when such repairs are being made they are cut of service. A contract was let in November, 1906, to the Holly Manufacturing company for two 30,000,000-gal. triple-expansion steam-pumps, to take the place of pumps Nos. 5 and 3, and the contract was let in January, 1907. to the Snow Steam Pump Works, for a 25.000,000-gal. electric centrifugal pump. A further contract will undoubtedly be let at once to the Camden Iron Works for an additional 25,030,000-gal. electric centrifugal pump. These will be installed as soon as possible. and when that is the case, the old pumps, Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, wall he replaced by new, better, and more modern pumps; but Nos. 6 and 7 should also be replaced by new and modern pumps, both for efficiency and economy. Work, to he finished in three or four years, has been begun on the new inlet pier and tunnel at Porter avenue. It is also contemplated to lay large feeder-mains, to erect a water tower at Kensington, and a manifold-valve system—improvements absolutely necessary for the outlying districts and to regulate properly the pressure and give proper control of the distribution. The increase in pumpage during the year was 200,030.000 gal.; in population, 10,000—per capita consumption daily. 322 gal.—not so large a reduction as was hoped for. There is an enormous waste of water during the cold weather—about 45,000.000 gal. per day for two months at a erst of about $350 per day —chiefly because of poor plumbing. The new inlet and tunnel are started; also, the new pumping station and laying large mains. The average daily consumption in i868 was 4,000,000 gal.; population, 100,0:0—making the daily per-capita consumption 40 gal. In 1906 the average daily consumption was 132.117.981 gal.; population, 410,000—making the daily per-capita consumption 322 gal. The greatest amount pumped in twenty-four hours during the last year was on February 12, when the pumps registered 188.092,c6o gal.—making a per-capita consumption of 459 gal. The least amount pumpc in twentyfour hours during the last year was n July 8, when the pumps registered 119.825.750 gal.—making a per-capita consumption of 292 gal. I he total amount of water pumped during the last year, as shown by plunger displacement, was 52,704.752,520 gal.—divided aF ut equally between tne high-service, with a pressure at the pumps of 75 lb. to the sq. in., and the reservoir service, with a pressure at ti e pumps of 50 lb. to the sq. in., the average pressure in the city being .30 lb. to the sq. in. The meters in service numbered on July I. 1907, 2,413.
The pumps to be installed at Anderson, Ind., will have a capacity of 5,000,000 gal.