The Chapman Valve Manufacturing Company.
Elsewhere in this issue we illustrate the extensive plant of the Chapman Valve Manufacturing Company, located in the village of Indian Orchard, Mass., about six miles east of Springfield. The plant covers probably a half dozen acres of ground, and is the largest of its kind in the United States. The works received a large share of the attention of the fire chiefs while in convention at Springfield last week, and on Friday 137 of them paid a visit of inspection by special train. They were hospitably entertained by Treasurer Goodwin and Manager Giles, shown through the factory and treated to an exhibition of the independent valve outlet hydrant throwing four streams separately and together. General satisfaction was expressed with its working, and no doubt many orders will result from the exhibition.
The company also had an attractive exhibit at the convention, consisting of the independent valve outlet hydrant, standard post hydrant, indicator valve for sprinkler service, small hose valves and a general line of steam valves. The exhibition was in charge of Edw. L. Ross, the genial field representative of the company.
The independent valve outlet hydrant was used in all the tests made at Springfield during the convention. From a unique publication entitled Inland Massachusetts we take the following description of the company and its works:
The story of the Chapman Valve Manufacturing Company is one of struggles and triumphs. To quote its own language : “Scarfing fourteen years ago, under (he adverse circumstances of ‘hard times,’and a thoroughly equipj>ed list of competitors in the valve and hydrant business, we believed that the ‘ Chapman,’ if honestly built, was in the end sure to win the favor of the public in it* general principles of construction and adaptability for all general uses to which a straightway valve or fire hydrant may be applied. The verdict of the public after these fourteen years, without solicitation of trade on our part to any extent, has obliged us, in order to meet the demands of the trade, to enlarge from time to time, until now we have the largest and best equipped works in the country for the’manufacture of these goods.” Combined simplicity of operation, superior material and workmanship, durability and interch uigeabiNty of parts -the best work at fair cost —and straightforward, upright business methods, have brought to this company, as it invariably doe* to those who work on the same plan, public confidence, a steadily increasing patronage and prosperity.
The company’s line of products is quite comprehensive and embraces valves for all purposes—composition steam and water valves, screw or flange ends, with stationary, rising or sliding spindle and lever; Bibb valves, composition hose valves, automatic drip valves for railroad water pipes, fire stand-pijies, etc.; service valves for water-works, gas. oil and ammonia valves for light and heavy pressure, iron-body screwtop. steam and water valves, % to 4 inches ; iron-body Doited top steam and water valves, 2⅛ to 48 inches, with inside or outside screw ami yoke or compound screw ; heavy pressure valves for pumps, hydraulic mining machinery, oil pumping lines, etc.; gas, oil anil ammonia valves of iron, 2⅛ to 48 inches ; iron-body gas gates with bolted top, bell or spigot ends ; long-end gas gates, iron-body water gales, composition mountings, bolted tops, bell or spigot ends, 2 to 48 inches ; large water gates with gearing, with or without by-pass relief ; natural gas valves for light ami heavy pressure ; the Chapmtn gate fire hydrant, with or without independent valves for each outlet or hose nozzle ; the same with independent valves for steamer outlets, heavy companion flanges, ammonia valves for medium pressure, all iron, with special Babbitt seats and packing rings, etc. An illustrated descriptive circular and price list is forwarded on application.
As already intimated, the Chapman Valve Manufacturing Company was incorporated in 1875. The capital stock at this time is $500,000, and the works at Indian Orchard are the most extensive of the kind in the United States; the buildings, including machinery and blacksmith shops, three stories, 50 x 200 feet; boiler room, one story, 50 x 85 feet ; iron foundry, one story, 60 x |8⅜ feet, with annex. 25 x 112 feet ; brass foundry, one story, 85 x too feet ; pattern shop and storehouse, one story, 40 x qo feet, increased one story in height in 1891 ; finished goods warehouse, one story, 35 x 98 feet ; two one-story raw material warehouses, 25 x 150 and 20 x 60 feet; two-story office, 35 x 35 feet ; stable, 25 x 66 feet, and hose house, 13 x 25 feet—all brick. In addition to this it is just completing an extension to machine shop, 128 x 50 ; another extension was made to the machine shop in 1890, making it 150 x 50. and three stories in height, and a new boiler and engine room, 60 x 34. The machinery equipment, first-class and much of it unique, is driven by two steam engines, one of 75 hotse-power and one of 40 horse-power, and 200 skilled and unskilled workmen are employed. The valves made here are in general use all over the United States, anil are largely exported to Canada. Great Britain, Central America, Australia. Japan. China and other foreign countries. Samuel R. Payson of Boston is president of the company, and Charles J. Goodwin, also of Boston, is treasurer. The office of the latter is at 72 Kilby street. General Manager Jason Giles, a practical mechanic of many yeirs’ experience in valve construction, has immediate charge of the works.”
Every valve turned out by the company is subjected to a hydrant test according to the demands to be made upon it in service, some work being made up to 5000 pounds pressure. The company has lately brought out a special high pressure steam valve to be used in connection with modern steam engines of the triple expansion type, and is doing a great deal of electric railway work. All the valves to be used in the West End street railroad’s electric road in Boston are the Chapman. The Wilmington, Del., electric road is also equipped with this nuke of valve as well as one of the electric roads in New York and at other points, and contracts from several other places are under way. The Washburn & Moen Manufacturing Company’s new works at Waukegan, III., will use the Chap nan valve. In fact the company is behind in ils orders on this class of work. It is also having a run on its independent valve outlet hydrant. Fitchburg, Worcester, Lowell and New England towns generally are using the Chapman hydrant. The indicator valve of the Chapman Manufacturing Company is still another piece of work being much sought after now. It was recently designed by Manager Giles and is said to be prescribed by the New England mutual insurance companies for automatic sprinkler plants in risks insured by them. The Providence Steam and Gas Pipe Company of Providence, R. I , manufacturers of the well known Grinncll sprinklers, and the Neracher Sprinkler Company of Warren, O., which makes the sprinkler that bears its name, use this valve in their work. Altogether the plant, which is constantly being enlarged, is taxed to its full capacity, and the company is meeting with great success due to the satisfactory character of the work it turns out.
A complete isolated ‘electric light plant, both arc and incandescent, was installed this year. Manager Giles at the present time is putting down a system of dr-ven wells to afford better fire protection. The buildings arc all of the slow burning construction type, and with Henry W. Keyes, superintendent of the shipping department and a fire fighter who has seen twenty-three years service as marshal of the fire brigade, it would seem impossible for the fiery fiend to make much headway in this plant. Mr. Keyes is assistant chief of the Springfield department and pre>ides over Indian Orchard which is the Eighth ward of that city.