THE CITY BY THE FALLS OF ST. ANTHONY.

THE CITY BY THE FALLS OF ST. ANTHONY.

MINNEAPOLIS, Minn., is an old settlement, and had its origin amid the romances and traditions of the early Indian days of the nation. Originally the site of the city was on the military reservation of Fort Snelling and this extended from a point on the Mississippi, half a mile above Bassett’s Creek thence west to Cold Springs, on the Minnesota River. The Indians ceded this land to the government in 1805, through a treaty made with them by Lieutenant, afterwards General Pike, who was killed in the battle before Little York, near Toronto, during the last war with England.

Wh’le there are many things to attract the visitor in and around Minneapolis, the principal attraction will not be denied to the Falls of St. Anthony. It is a delightful spot, and for generations the Indians were partial to these falls.

These Indians were the Dakotas, or, as they have of late years been called, the Sioux. 1 hey are a distinct tribe and speak a different language from all the rest of the Indian tribes on this Continent. With them, everything on the earth, in the air, in the waters and in the heavens above, was wakan, or mysterious. Among the imaginary goes of the Dakota, was the “Unktehe,” the god of the waters. lie is represented as full of vitality and great power, as are all the mysteries of this generic family of Dakota gods. The -Unktehe presides over the waters and resembles great oxen and are able to extend their horns and tails even to the skies as symbols of their immense power. The male Unktehe lives in the waters and the spirit of the female lives on the land, and animates all that dwells on earth. In worshipping these creatures the Dakotas called one the grandmother and the other grandfather; these they say were made by the WaKantau-ka, or great mystery. These gods the Dakotas believed lived at the Falls of St. Anthony, hence the reason of their constant presence there. They were in the midst of their gods, and free from their enemies. There is no account of ever an attack on a Dakota at the Falls by the Chippewas or any other tribe of Indians hostile to them. No wonder then the Dakotas hated to abandon the F’alls fo St. Anthony. The first accounts of the Falls is by Hennepin, a French Friar, a missionary and explorer. He was bom in Flanders in 1640. He landed in Quebec in 1675, and with others visited the big lakes. He continued his wanderings until he discovered the Falls of the Mississippi. Stiuck with astonish1 ment at their great beauty, and his reverence for the order to which he belonged, he gave them the name of St. Anthony in remembrance of St. Anthony of Padua, who was the patron saint of Hennepin. More than 150 years elapsed from this discovery, till the first improvement on the east side of the river by any white man.

The interesting historian has said that if you were to take a map of North America and turn down the top edge even with bottom edge and press the fold down flat, and then were to unfold it and lay the right and left edges together and crease it again in the middle, you would find located where the creases intersect each other that brightest jewel of the Northwest, the city of Minneapolis. Located on the fortyfifth degree of north latitude, at the head of navigation on the Mississippi River, near the extreme western shores of the Great Lakes and beside the greatest water-power in use on the continent. Minneapolis is midway between Cape Breton, the easternmost headland on the coast of Nova Scotia and Cape Foulweather on the shores of Oregon. A line drawn from Fort Churchill, the most northern settlement on the west coast of Hudson’s Bay, to Sabine Pass, near the head of the Gulf of Mexico, would pass through Minneapolis, which will be found upon examination to be equally distant from these places. Minneapolis lies in the very heart of the North American continent. It is the mid-continent city.

The early history of Minneapolis is a story of absorbing interest, and is told by the first white settler, who is still living, honored and esteemed by his fellow townsmen and an active and enthusiastic participant in everything which makes for the upbuilding of the city which he founded forty years ago, by clearing away the timber on the west bank of the Falls of St. Anthony, and building there the first house erected in the city of Minneapolis. It is one of the marvels of the ages that from such small beginnings, in such a short space of time, should have grown up here a city of 165,000 people (census of 1890). No other city in the world has a record of such rapid and at the same time such substantial growth. The importance of her manufactures, the extent of her commerce, the advantages of her location and her provisions for the intellectual and moral advancement of her people furnish the theme for one of the most instructive chapters in the history of the development of this country.

In considering the resources of the Northwestern country, which are to be depended upon to build up Minneapolis, the entire section east of the Rocky Mountains must be included. Minnesota and the two Dakotas alone grow annually 100,000,000 bushels of wheat, affording annual revenue to the farmers of these States of §70,000,000. But other crops are raised as well. In 1890 over 55,000,000 bushels of oats were grown in Minnesota alone, being worth to the farmers $22,000,000. Minnesota raised in ’ 1890 over 22,000,000 bushels of corn, 10,000,000 bushels of barley, 7,000,000 bushels of potatoes, 2,000,000 bushels of flaxseed, and 600,000 tons of hay. The great bulk of these crops is marketed through Minneapolis, and can be counted upon to make this the great primary grain market of the world. Nearly the entir flaxseed crop of Minnesota is utilized in this city in manufacturing, but a small proportion being shipped out. Going farther West, and he great cattle ranges arc reached. In the Judith basin of Montana are 2,000,000 cattle, sheep anil horses, all of which must eventually reach heir market through Minneapolis. The great future of M inneapolis as a beef anti pork-packing centre has already beyn anticipated, and within the last year more than one million dollars have been spent in the establishment of costly packing plants close to this city, and directly at the junction of the Great Northern and Northern Pacific railroads with the Soo line, thus affording a cheap through route to New York, Boston and to Montreal for European shipment.

Minneapolis is proud of the position she has attained as the sixteenth city of the Union ; her position is well up in the scale, and Minneapolis will continue to be, as she now is, the commercial metropolis of the Northwestern States, which are rich in agricultural resources, in minerals, in timber, and in all the natural wealth that makes for commercial power.

In public improvements of all kinds, Minneapolis is making very rapid progress. In no department has this been more marked than in that of water works. Minneapolis owns its own water plant. The total property appertaining to the pumping and distribution of water amounts to $2,259,277.57. F. T. Moody is Registrar and Andrew Bergstrom Supervisor of the system. Previous to 1882 they had only twenty miles of water mains in the city; they now have 206 miles of mains. The present pumping capacity is 73,000,000 gallons daily while the totai amount used is about 16,000,000 gallons daily.

A thorough and complete sewerage has been laid out for the city by its careful and competent engineers, Andrew Rinker, who for twentythree years and through adverse administrations has done his work so well that men of all parties approve of it. The system involves over 80 miles of sewer and tunnel completed.

In 1850 there were few or no people in Minneapolis; in 1854 it is estimated that the population amounted to 1,000 persons. In i860 it had increased to 5,809 and five years later to 8, no In 1870 the total inhabitants numbered 13,066. The growth was rapid and substantial so that in 1890 the last census of the United States gave Minneapolis 164,738. It has increased several thousand since.

The convention of the American Water Works Association takes place in the West Hotel, one of the handsomest and best hotels west of New Ifcork City.

Bethany, Mo., is about to begin work on its water works.

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