THE GEOGRAPHY OF WATER WORKS PLANTS.
IN the United States and Canada there are 3,341 city and town water works plants, of which 1,535 are owned by private companies and the remainder by the municipalities—only thirty-five being of private ownership in Canada. During the last six years more than 100 companies have been transferred from private to municipal ownership—twenty cases of the reverse process heing at the same time on record and since the beginning of the present century all the water works plants have virtually been built—over 1,000 in the United States since 1890 and almost all the others during the last sixty-seven years. As builders of water works plants, the small towns and cities have been the most numerous, particularly in the East and West, and the tendency towards municipal proprietorship has been peculiarly manifested in Massachusetts, where nearly half of all of the private companies have been transformed into public plants. Municipal water works are in the majority in the North Central and Northwestern States,and are in the minority in the Middle, South Atlantic, Southwestern, and Pacific States. There are now only nine out of fifty-two of the largest cities in the United States which depend upon private companies for their water supply, and of the remainder twentytwo have always owned their plants. Among those which most recently joined the number are Syracuse, N. Y., Kansas City, Mo., and Duluth, Minn., which is now constructing its own plant.