THE GREAT VICTORIA FALLS IN AFRICA
America boasts its Niagara Falls, and for i long time they ranked among the highest in the world and bespoke the supreme attention of travelers. They are far eclipsed in height, length and majesty by the Victoria balls in the heart of South Africa. These form part of a sluggish, muddy stream that oozes out of a black, boggy depression. It flows southwards, slowly at first, but rapidly growing in size and strength till it reaches the Indian ocean, 1.650 mile. away. This river is the fourth in size of those that flow through Africa, and about 700 miles from its source (says the Scientific American), and just beyond the cataracts of Mololo, the Zambesi, joined by the waters of the Kwando river, spreads out into what might be termed a lake altont six miles long and over a mile in width. This lake is one of very placid water, but, strange to say, its lower end is marked not by a shore-line nor by the slightest narrowing of its surface, but by an abrupt fall, beside which Niagara is a mere Pgtm. It is an entire lake that takes the plunge, and not merely a river. A comparison of Niagara and Victoria falls shows at a glance how vastly greater is the African falls. At Niagara the riser takes a plunge of 1*S ft., but the Zam besi falls sheer 400 ft. The crest of Victoria Falls is over a mile long—5,808 ft., to be exact— whereas the American fall at Niagara measures only 1,060 ft. and the Horseshoe fall is only 1,230 ft. across, or 3,010 ft., as measured along the curve. To illustrate the magnitude of the African waterfall there might be deoieted against it the skyline of New York from Battery park to Worth street. Not a building would project above the crest of the falls, excepting only the 612 ft. tower of the Singer building, on lower Broadway, which is now in process of erection. To be sure, in comparing Niagara with Victoria, it must he said in favor of the former that the Horseshoe fall presents an unbroken crest, while the edge of the Victoria is divided by numerous islands into stretches which nowhere exceed 600 ft. At the centre is Livingstone island, and to the left, as you look upstream, is the main fall, while at the right of the island is the Rainbow fall. Buka island separates the main fall from the cascade or Devil’s creek .”
At the Pueblo, Colo., State Fair an exhibition was given daily by Chief P. MeCartin and the fire department of pompier ladder work. A special tower was built for the occasion.