The Hazard of Winter Heating
Stoves, boilers and furnaces are again at work. They are _eeded, but fires caused by them are needless and spell carelessness. This neglect and carelessness is responsible for most of the winter fires and the cremation of many human beings, overcome by smoke or unable to escape.
Heating plant safety can be secured by any one by carrying out the well-known and simple safety measures.
Do not neglect the metal stove-board or zinc on the floor, extending not less than 12 inches in front of the ashpit. If your stove is less than two feet from a wood or lath and plaster wall or partition, place a metal shield half way between the stove and wall or cover the wall or partition with metal over heavy asbestos. Do not leave kindling wood in the oven over night nor hang clothes too near stoves or smokepipes.
See that smokepipes are well joined and riveted together, free from rust holes and open seams, wired firmly and well fitted into the chimney. Smokepipes passing through floors, partitions, walls and roofs are always dangerous and should be surrounded by four inches of masonry. Where passing through a partition a double ventilated, “metal thimble surrounded by asbestos may be used. Smokepipes in attics, closets or other concealed spaces are dangerous, because not under constant observation. In such places also fluff and spiderwebs may gather on the pipes and become ignited when fires are started.
Chimneys should be built from the foundation up and never rest on floors, brackets or other wood supports. They should be lined throughout with approved flue lining, unless the walls are at least 8 inches thick. A good quality brick must be used. It is well to use cement mortar up through the first floor and through and above the roof. No woodwork should be imbedded into the walls or even come in contact with such walls. The flues must be of ample size. A clean-out door at the base of the chimney must be provided. Never close up flue openings with paper, rags or wood. Chimneys must be cleaned frequently to prevent burning out.
Furnaces and boilers must be placed on a brick or concrete floor. All woodwork above and around, within two feet, must be covered with metal over asbestos board. Smokepipes must be watched as they rust rapidly in basements. Keep the pipes free from dust, fluff and spider webs. All woodwork within one inch of hot-air pipes should be covered with good asbestos and all register boxes lined with asbestos.
It is both economy and safety to keep boilers and smokepipes clean.
Defective stoves, boilers and furnaces should be promptly repaired or replaced.
Beware of overheating stoves, boilers and furnaces or leaving them unattended with drafts open.
Ashes must not be placed in wooden or pasteboard containers, on wooden floors or surfaces or against any wood work, or mixed with rubbish. Use metal receptacles and a fireproof ash bin.
Care and vigilance in these matters mean safety for your family and property.—Industrial Commission of Wisconsin.