The Latest — A Fire Patrol School

The Latest — A Fire Patrol School

Chicago Fire Patrol Organizes School of Instruction for Officers and Men—A New and Unique Institution in This Field

THE following article describes a unique departure in the field of fire patrol which will undoubtedly have a farreaching effect in increasing the efficiency of this branch of fire service. No doubt the Chicago school, the first of its kind, will later be followed by similar institutions in other cities which have adopted systems of salvage at fires:

The attendance at the first term of the School of Instruction for the Officers of the Chicago Fire Insurance Patrol has been very gratifying, as we have had, in addition to the officers and members of the Patrol, many of the officers of the Chicago Fire Department, together wiht several insurance men and others interested in fire prevention, control, extinguishment and salvage.

The Up-to-Date School Rooms

In the new and modern patrol house at the corner of Hill and Orleans Streets, besides the usual space allotted for the apparatus, the repair shop and the home for the patrolmen, there is the first drill school room of its kind in the country, or in fact, in the world. The school rooms contain a complete wet and dry sprinkler system, fully supervised and having all of the alarm transmission instruments. There is also an automatic fire alarm system and city fire alarm system, available for demonstration to the students. Various kinds of private fire protection equipment, such as hand extinguishers, etc., will also be a part of the apparatus used in this school.

All Members Must Attend School

Each company of the corps is required to attend school in a body twice each year. The companies are marked and graded in their efficiency as displayed at the school. In order to increase the interest of the members in the work, we have arranged for a time drill, of which the following is a description:

How Time Drill is Arranged

The school room is arranged with a view of presenting conditions as found at an actual fire. This is accomplished through the use of especially built boxes, knock-down tables and shelves, together with a set of living room furniture. To cover the entire layout requires, with the necessary catch-alls, about twenty covers. The company starts from the apparatus room, forces entrance through a special door built for the purpose. The sprinkler is in operation in the test room, and a part of their duty is to shut off this sprinkler with tongs. A fire alarm box for sending, together with a receiving instrument is conveniently located, and a patrolman is required to send in the code signal for help. The company must, in addition, have their carbic light burning and construct a chute which is part of their regular equipment. The best time to date for this particular work has been seven minutes and forty-five seconds for one officer and six men. Time is deducted for errors after the work is completed.

A course of instruction for watchmen is contemplated in the near future.

Subjects Treated in the Officers’ School

Preceding each session of the Officers’ School of Instruction there is held an officers’ conference, after which patrolmen who are seeking promotion are admitted. Each class is to be held at 9:30 a. m. sharp, and tardiness of the students is not tolerated. All officers off and on duty are expected to be present, unless excused by the chief.

The subjects which have been or will be treated at the various sessions of the officers’ school, which began on January 4 last, are as follows:

Object of the School.

Building Inspection in a Manner to be of Benefit to the Chicago Board Inspection Department.

Sprinkler Equipment.

Automatic Eire Alarms & Supervisory Service.

Private Fire Protection Equipment (exclusive, of sprinkler equipments.)

Modern Fire Fighting and Description of Fire Fighting Equipment. Fundamentals of Fire Insurance and Rating.

Arson and How We Can Assist the National Board in the Detection and Prosecution Thereof.

City of Chicago Fire Prevention Ordinances.

Chemistry of Fire : Dangerous Chemicals and Acids, Spontaneous Ignition, Combustion.

First Aid and Artificial Respiration Demonstration of Smoke Masks and Inhalators.

Adjustment of Losses and How We Can Cooperate to Reduce Claims.

Value of Discipline and Training.

Reconditioning Salvage.

Chemistry of Fire—Explosions and Their Causes.

City of Chicago. Fire Prevention Ordinances.

Review of Patrol Inspection.

Drills and Instructions for the Company School

The following is a list of the drills and instruction given at the Drill School of the Fire Insurance Patrol, giving an idea of thoroughness of the course through which the men have to go:

  1. Proper methods of making catch-alls. How to be governed in whether or not such a procedure is necessary.
  2. Covering goods on counters, tables, etc., method of rolling edges to prevent water running under covers when more than one cover is necessary to complete the work. Importance of of clean covers. How to cover delicate fabrics and materials easily soiled. Prevention of water damage to bottom of dresses in racks or other materials close to the floor when sweeping water.
  3. Drill in covering shelves. Pulling stock from walls to prevent damage caused by water following the wall. Care to prevent injuries to men performing shelf work. Method of catching water following vertical pipe openings.
  4. Drill in covering large stocks in piles. Proper laps to make arrangement of pitch. Arrange stock to be covered using the least number of covers possible to perform proper coverage. Explain the difference in the width and length of covers and how to use to the best advantage. How to open the cover to spread in the width or length.
  5. How to cover belt driven machinery. Importance of cover ing elevator machinery located in the basements, when sweeping water down elevator shafts. Methods of draining water from basement. Use of gasoline pumps for elevator and boiler pits not equipped with drains.
  6. Care of plumbing and boilers in freezing weather when impossible to heat building partially destroyed by fire. Care of fruits and vegetables and other stock susceptible to freezing.
  7. Instruction and drill in covering household furniture. Handling of rugs, pictures, drapes, curtains, clothing in closets and other hangings. Proper method of bunching furniture before covering.
  8. Care of covers at fires:
    1. Throwing covers from windows down elevator shafts, etc
    2. Spreading catch-alls over glass or other debris and walking in covers unnecessarily.
    3. Losing grommets when nailing stock covers.
    4. Bailing catch-alls with wood scoops to prevent tears.
    5. Spreading covers under dropping fire or in places where they may be burned.
    6. Building chutes— Improvised and standard equipment. When and how to use.
    7. Opening doors— Methods used on different types of doors. Importance of opening doors efficiently with small damage. Instruction in opening elevator doors.
    8. How to run house elevators.
    9. Covering roofs—Flat roofs, gable roofs and skylights. Instruction in raising roofing material, manner of fastening covers and properly pitching to drain.
    10. Care and use of carbic lights.
    11. Sprinkler instructions Drill in using tongs, replacing heads shutting off and draining. Special instructions in wet and dry systems, supervision, source of water supplies and care and maintenance.
    12. Cutting holes in doors—Proper method. When necessary and where to cut. How to handle an axe and care of an axe.
    13. First aid :
    14. Bandaging

      Splints

      Tourniquet

      Burns

      Stretcher

      Artificial respiration Fireman’s carry and Rescue work

    15. Care of covers in quarters. Drill in patching and mending rubber and canvass. Instructions in washing, drying and general care to prevent deterioration.
    16. Use of different types of portable fire extinguishers. Instructions in their maintenance.
    17. Use of inside standpipe lines.
    18. Fire box drill on Patrol Code.
    19. Automatic Fire Alarm Systems. How they operate.
    20. Parade Drill.
    21. House Watch Duties.
    22. Fire Water Instructions.
    23. House Discipline and Courtesy
    24. Roll Call and Inspection.
    25. Fire Department Knots.
    26. Handling of streams.
    27. Raising of ladders.

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