THE NEW YORK AUTOMOBILE EXPOSITION

THE NEW YORK AUTOMOBILE EXPOSITION

Thirteenth Annual Show of the National Association of Automobile Manufacturers at Grand Central Palace and Madison Square Garden Exceeds All Previous Efforts—Large Exhibits of Pleasure Vehicles and Commercial Trucks—Accessories Numerous and Varied—Attendance Larger Than Ever Before—Motor Fire Apparatus Shown by Many Exhibitors

The thirteenth annual exhibit under the auspices of the National Association of Automobile Manufacturers is an event of the past, but it has left a record behind that will set a pace for oncoming occurrences of the kind. Instead of the animated rivalry that had characterized former shows, this season witnessed all manufacturers working in harmony to make the exhibit the best possible success. That it proved a marvel to the technical mind as well as to the aesthetic eye all classes who visited Grand Central Palace and Madison Square Garden are ready to attest. While acknowledging that the pleasure vehicles created the greatest interest to the masses, there was manifested no end of favorable comment on the advancement made in the production of commercial trucks. And in the integral the enterprise was a colossal success. Naturally the readers of FIRE AND WATER ENGINEERING arc more largely interested in the display of motor fire apparatus than in the other varieties, and not a few chiefs from fire departments within a radius of 100 miles took advantage of the opportunity to look over the exhibits of this class of machines and accessories. Among those who had exhibits were the American-La France, which showed only commercial trucks; the Webb, which showed only motor fire apparatus; the Knox showed tractors and the Kissel and the Mack each displayed both commercial and fire vehicles. The growth of cities and the constant expansion of business and consequent building of structures along broader lines has created a demand for better facilities for combatting flames, notwithstanding many of these buildings have been made to resist flames. The manufacturers of fire apparatus long ago saw the future would demand an entirely new and more efficient equipment to meet the exigencies of the case, and the same genius that evolved the steam fire engine began to bend its energies in that direction. The result was the advent of the motor-propelled and motor-pumping apparatus. And while this species of fire-extinguishing machinery is yet in its infancy it has passed the stage of experiment and demonstrated its practicability and efficiency to a marvelous degree. Every year sees improvements, and this will continue to be so as long as fire-fighting implements are in demand. To say that perfection has been reached is a claim that no manufacturer makes for his product. but he is abreast of the manufacturer of other necessities of the present day. No greater improvement has been made in any utility than has been made in the production of fire apparatus. and so long as the best mechanical minds are engaged in this work there is no reason to expect that it will ever be satisfied to occupy a second place in the output of this indispensable machinery.

WEBB MOTOR ENGINE.

Self Starting Devices

It would be a needless task to attempt to enumerate all the improvements that manufacturers have brought out in connection with their products, but a few should not pass unnoticed. One of the most important devices evolved of late is the self-starter. These are of several kinds, ranging from a coiled spring to acetylene gas, which is pumped into the cylinders and exploded by a spark, but the most popular device of this kind at present is the electric, in which a small electric motor placed beside the flywheel carries a pinion that can be meshed at will with teeth cut on the periphery of the wheel. Current from the 6-volt or higher storage batteries, drawn at the rate of 150 amperes or more for a few seconds, causes the motor to make the few revolutions sometimes necessary to start it. This current is restored to the batteries later by the motor acting as a dynamo, or by a separate charging dynamo used on same systems. An electric self-starter consists of an 8-pole ring-armature motor, the armature of which forms the flywheel of the gasoline engine. Thus the hundred pounds or more of extra dead weight is eliminated. One starter has the electric motor mounted in front of the radiator and driving the crankshaft through a worm gear. Another consists of an opposed cylinder air motor similarly situated. But as a rule the mechanism is concealed, and the only indication that a car is so equipped is a cap on the end of the crankshaft. This can be unscrewed and a starting crank applied if for any reason the self-starter fails.

The System of Lighting

Considerable attention has been given to the matter of lighting cars, and it has been found that the installation of an electric lighting system is a simple undertaking if a charging dynamo is furnished. Electric headlights are more powerful than acetylene lamps, besides giving a perfectly steady and white light. The tungstenfilament lamps are also economical of current, which is generally supplied by a 6-volt storage battery’. The Wcstinghouse system makes use of the frame of the car in place of a return wire, thus cutting in half the amount of wiring and simplifying greatly the detection of any trouble. Closed cars are fitted with dome lights in the ceiling, as well as with interior antique lanterns in some instances. Many have dashboard lights to illumine the various meters and gauges at will, and in one instance the push switches for all lights were arranged on a panel just below the steering wheel. In the majority of cars the usual side lamps are dispensed with and two bull’s-eye electric lights are placed in the dashboard.

As to Propelling Power

In regard to the engines few manufacturers had little improvement to show. Two or three firms exhibited cars equipped with the Knight sleeve-valve motor, and a sectional engine was shown in operation. Only one car still uses an air-cooled motor. The vertically flanged cylinders are jacketed and air is drawn down through the flanges by means of fan blades in the flywheel. Another car was fitted with a rotaryvalve motor. The 6-cylinder engine, though not quite as prominent as it was last year perhaps, is nevertheless manufactured by most of the leading automobile builders and can be had at a little higher price than the four.

American-La France Trucks

The American-La France Fire Engine Co. exhibited a fine specimen of its gasoline-hydraulic trucks. Following is a description of this new truck, which is in nearly all respects different from others on the market and a marked improvement over the gearing system: The use of a pump in which oil is the circulating medium, and the utilization of it by varying its capacity instead of changing the speed of the motor by which it is driven, thus taking the place of the conventional gearset or transmission mechanism, is the feature of the La France gasoline-hydraulic truck. This machine is built by the AmericanLa France Fire Engine Co., Elmira, N. Y., and the device is employed under a license for the patents granted to Charles M. Manly. The system is known as the Manly hydraulic transmission, which is an adaptation of the pump instead of gearing, the pump in turn driving oil through a construction termed motors, which are really actuated by the circulation of the oil, and these motors turning shafts on which are sprockets, from which chains transmit the power as with any normal form of side chain drive to wheels revolving on a dead rear axle. There is nothing in any way unconventional with the truck save in the transmision or driving system, which, while known to many engineers, is not generally familiar to those well versed in motor vehicle mechanics. The deck of the truck is 14 by 6 feet, giving 84 square feet of loading space. The platform is four feet above the ground when unloaded. The overall length of the truck is 18 feet 11 inches and the width 7 feet 2.5 inches, with wheelbase of 143 inches and clearance of 12 inches. The overhang of the body is 5 feet 3 inches. The tread is 66 inches forward and 68 inches at the rear. The turning radius is 45 feet. The weight of the chassis is four tons, the maximum speed forward is 12 miles an hour, and the maximum reverse speed is three miles. The chassis frame is of pressed alloy steel channel section 9.5 by 3 inches by 18.75 inches, not trussed, but is built with numerous cross members and heavy gusset plates. The springs are semi-elliptic, 42×3.5 inches forward and 48×3.5 inches rear. The rear axle is dead, 3 inches, square section: the front axle is 4×2.5 alloy steel I section. The wheel bearings are Timken roller. The wheels are of wood, artillery type, and the tires are the Kelly-Springfield sectional, 36×5 forward and 38×9 rear. The radius rods are 2.5 inches in diameter alloy steel. The emergency brake is expanding on the rear wheel drums and is operated by a lever at the right side of the driver. The gasoline tank capacity is 22 gallons and the oil capacity a quart.

THE MARTIN TRACTOR.COMBINATION CHEMICAL AND HOSE WAGON, MANUFACTURED BY THE LOCOMOBILE CO. OF AMERICA.

The Firestone Tire and Rubber Company

The exhibit of the Firestone Fire & Rubber Company was most attractive, comprising many samples of its well-known brands of tires. Being of the demountable rim class, they make easy road changes possible. The Firestone dual tread pneumatic tires arc rapidly being adopted on account of their strength, which makes them particularly adaptable for hard service. New York fire apparatus will shortly carry the record size rubber tires. Several weeks ago an order was placed with the Firestone Tire & Rubber Company for a number of solid rubber tires 62×4, of which part delivery has been made. H. S. Firestone, president of the company, speaking of this order and the service demanded of the tires, said: “The motor-driven fire apparatus is generally adopting the rubber tire as an equipment, and the horse-driven apparatus is fast developing that way. And there are good reasons for it. When the proportion of rubber in the tires is right, and the quality of the rubber is highest, the rubber tire far surpasses the old metal in every regard. With rubber tires there is a clinging quality which prevents the side slips and other mishaps so frequent and serious with old style metal equipment. Then, too, there is a cushion to the properly built rubber tire which protects the mechanism of the apparatus from the bumps of the road. The speed demanded, as well as this protection, has increased the orders for pneumatic tires for apparatus at a surprising rate.”

Webb Motor Company

The Webb Motor Company, manufacturers of motor fire apparatus, Allentown, Pa., had a Webb motor pumping engine and combination car on exhibition. Both pieces of apparatus were fine specimens of the work this company turns out. The illustrations show both of these machines. The pumping engine has a 5 1/2-inch motor, and during a recent long test developed under 127 pounds pressure 45.1 horsepower and discharge of 609 gallons. The combination chemical and hose truck is a sample of similar machines this company has been manufacturing for some years and which are installed in a large number of fire departments in the United States and Canada. Lately the company changed its factory from St. Louis. Mo., to Allentown, Pa., in order to increase its facilities for turning out the large number of contracts it has to fill, so that it is now in a position to take care of its fire apparatus business. W. Alfred Webb, president of the company, has his office at Broadway and 58th street. New York, for the convenience of those who may have business with the company.

The Locomobile Company

This company showed two trucks with demountable bodies. This demountable system is adaptable to every form of haulage and bodies of any description may be built to demount. The equipment of the Locomobile 5-ton truck is: Motor. 5×6, horsepower A. L. A. M. 40; frame, pressed alloy steel, heat treated; engine bearings, 5; dry disc clutch; speeds, 4; interchangeable tires; differential lock; length of platform, 168; wheel base, 140; steel wheels; clearance, 15 inches front, 18 inches rear: chain cases. The price of such a chassis is $1,800. The Autocar Company builds trucks for all lines of business. The machines it exhibited showed those excellent features in construction for which the company claims a leading position. Its order for 15 Autocars for the postal delivery service is pointed to as proof of the recognized merit of its cars. They average 65 miles a day making as many as 150 stops.

The Knox Automobile Company

This company, the pioneer in motor fire apparatus, exhibited two Martin tractors of 5 and 10 tons capacity each and a Knott 3-ton truck. The Knox-Martin tractor is a motor unit that may be attached to any heavy vehicle that is designed to be drawn by horses, the combination making a five-wheeled motor-drawn vehicle. It is easily attached, the front springs of the trailing vehicle being only bolted to the tractor axle. Before offering the tractor to the public it was subjected to a severe test in order to prove o t in practise what it promised in theory. The model machine was first attached to an 8,500-pound ladder truck and driven 2,500 miles over the roads of New England at an average speed of 20 miles an hour, baking as high as 30 miles an hour on good roads without developing a single weakness. The ladder truck was iron-tired all round and 50 years old. This test proved that the irontired vehicle would stand the strain of high speed. The tractor drew this ladder truck up the worst hills in New England without apparent difficulty. After testing its efficiency for fire apparatus work with the ladder truck, the same tractor was geared down to 12 m. p. h. and attached to a five-ton capacity horse-drawn wagon. Tt then traveled about 3,500 miles in general trucking work, hauling ice and other commodities in loads of from five to nine tons. This same tractor is still in use as a demonstrator. It has been put to more abuse in its year’s demonstrating work than would ever fall to the lot of a machine in regular service. It is called upon daily to perform more feats of hill climbing. load carrying and other hard stunts than any machine in regular service would ever be called on to perform.

The Peerless Motor Car Company

The two trucks shown by the Peerless Motor Car Company, of Cleveland, O., were fine specimens of its work. The specifications for a 5-ton truck of the Peerless pattern are: Normal load, 10,000 pounds; wheels, front, 38 inches; wheels, rear 42 inchestires, front, single, 38×6 inches; tires rear. dual. 42×6 inches; wheel base, standard chassis 12 feet 7 inches; wheel base, long chassis, 14 feet 6 inches: overall length, standard chassis. 18 feet 11 1/4 inches; overall length, long chassis, 21 feet 6 inches; chassis frame width, 38 inches; length of frame back of driver’s seat, standard chassis. 11 feet 5 1/4 inches; length of frame hack of driver’s seat, long chassis, 14 feet; body length (normal), standard chassis, 12 feet : body length (normal), long chassis. 14 feet: turning radius, standard chassis, 25 feet; turning radius, long chassis. 27 1/2 feet; height of frame from ground (loaded). 34 inches; approximate tread of wheels, front, 68 inches; approximate tread of wheels, rear. 73 1/2 inches; width between rear wheels, 60 3/4 inches; extreme width over front hub caps, 83 1/4 inches; approximate width over rear tires, 86 1/4 inches; price, standard or long chassis, in lead coat, f. o. b. Cleveland, $4,500.

The White Company

The White Company, of Cleveland. O., showed the following motor trucks: Two covered delivery wagons, one ambulance, one dump wagon, one watering wagon, one street railway tower truck, one express van and one fire combination and hose wagon equipped with body and chemical aoparatus manufactured by the James Boyd & Bro. Company of Philadelphia.

The Seagrave Engine

Tn another place in this issue will be found an illustration of the Seagrave engine which recently showed such good results during tests at Denver and elsewhere. The Seagrave Companv has for many years been engaged in the manufacture of aerial trucks, combination wagons, and now, in addition to these machines, it is interested in its new pumping engine. This pump is what is called a multi-stage centrifugal and has capacities ranging from 700 to 1,000 gallons a minute, the latter at 120 pounds pump pressure. The companv will be pleased to furnish catalogues and full information upon request.

The B. F. Goodrich Company

The exhibition of Goodrich tires was large and contained a variety of makes and sizes that fully illustrated its special lines manufactured to meet almost all requirements for motor apparatus and commercial trucks. Goodrich Wireless tires are extensivehused on fire apparatus, and the claims made for their safety are that they are applied steel to steel and are absolutely safe. A keyway in the steel tire base engages a key on the tire hand, preventing creeping, while lug bolts through the tire rim oppose lateral movement. No wires are used and the steel and hard rubber in the base insure against separation. It may be experienced that solid tires cause too much vibration to the machanism of fire apparatus. This is true of many tires; however, the shape of Goodrich Wireless tires allows the shocks to be absorbed within the tire itself and not be transmitted to the sensitive mechanism of the engine or transmission. The duplex curve of Goodrich Wireless prevents the tread from bulging over the sides of the wheel where it becomes cut and filled with nebblcs and dirt, causing rapid disintegration. The tread itself is made of the highest grade of rubber and compounded to fust the degree which makes it resilient and at the same time the toughest and most wear-resisting.

Republic Rubber Company

The tires manufactured by the Republic Rubber Company of Youngstown. O., have lone since acquired a national reputation. Its display of truck tires at the show was large and composed of various samples of tires for heavy usage and under all conditions. Referring to special features of these tires the company says: Republic motor truck tires are not cheap tires, so far as the first cost is concerned. They depend upon their ability to give a greater mileage, and the quickness with which they can be replaced to reduce the tire cost per mile. The tire is so constructed that it is absolutely impossible to pull the tire off the rim or force the tire to be loosened from the rim during service. Wires are imbedded in the base of the tire at intervals of approximately three inches. These are used as stiffening members only and do not come in contact with flanges at side of tire. The tread of tire is so designed that it will show the least possible effect of wear and give the greatest resiliency possible. The best grades of fine l’ara rubber, arc used in compounding our stock. We do not use shoddy or reclaimed rubber in manufacturing Republic Motor Truck Tires. When tires of sufficient size are used and proper records are kept, indicating service obtained, each Republic Motor Truck Tire is guaranteed for 8,000 miles of service.

New Departure Manufacturing Company

This company has one of the largest manufacturing plants in New England, situated at Bristol, Conn. Its specialties are fire department bells and ball and roller bearings. Of the former there is scarcely a chief in the fire service on this continent that is not conversant with the excellency of the bells and gongs which the New Departure Company have placed on the market. Its latest design for motor apparatus is distinctly original, effective and unique in that its method of using and tone are in a special class of their own. Chiefs who are not already provided with these incomparable bells ought to place themselves in the progressive class by ordering them at once. The exhibit of roller bearings shown by the company was most attractive and showed the highest excellence in workmanship.

AMERICAN-LA FRANCE TRUCK.

Overman Cushion Tire Company

A fine display of the products of this company was made. It comprised several samples of the Overman Cushion Tire designed for trucks and pleasure vehicles. The company says that “although Overman cushion tires are built for every car, the service offered on commercial vehicles is remarkable. The advantage of motor trucks over horse-drawn vehicles is the speed of delivery. Solid tires on heavy trucks are so non-elastic that speed on the return trip when the truck is empty is impossible because of the severe jars and jolts. A motor truck equipped with the Overman cushion tire will carry any load at any speed, absolutely protecting the truck front jolts and jars. This means a very material decrease in the upkeep cost of your truck, as the continual jolting and jarring that the mechanism of a motor truck receives is the cause for practically all the breakdowns.”

The Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company

This company’s policy is “a tire for every service.” several types of tires from which motor truck owners may choose. Its solid demountable 10,000-mile truck tire is claimed to be the best for convenience and durability. It is the most practicable tire the company constructs for heavy duty trucks. It meets particularly the requirements of those who want tires that can be easily put on and taken off. The demountable device saves those who operate trucks much time, trouble and expense on account of its simplicity in removing and replacing tires with only the use of a jack, chisel and wrench. In the basal construction of this tire the sub-base is of metal. To this metal is secured a hard rubber base. To the hard rubber base a soft rubber tread is vulcanized. The tire is one continuous unit of vulcanized hard rubber to steel, and soft rubber to hard rubber. Thus, by means of steel and hard rubber, produces a tire which will not wear out at the base, as the soft rubber tread makes the tire resilient. The hard rubber bed is hollow in shape, so that the shearing effect on union of hard and soft rubber, caused by rubber distortion under loads, is minimized. The display of Goodyear tires made at the show covered every feature of the seven staple brands which the company produces.

Kelly-Springfield Motor Truck Company

The exhibit of this company consisted of two l-ton and one 3-ton trucks. The principles of construction of the Kelly motor is thus described. It is mounted on a three-point flexible susnension, the forward support consisting of a steel drop forging, the ends of which are bolted directly to the frame side members so that the crank case is relieved of the stresses usually imposed upon it. The third-point support at the rear is a large swivel joint which allows the frame to adjust itself to the inequalities of the road without imposing any strain on the motor hearings. The alignment of the latter accordingly is never disturbed, and there is no loss of power or wear on the bearings due to the twisting of the frame. The motor and clutch form one unit, while the countershaft, carrying the differential and transmission, form a second unit. The driving shaft as enclosed iti a torque tube and all relative movement is taken care of by a double universal joint between the clutch and the driving shaft. The forward end of the torque tube is attached to the central cross member of the frame by a double swivel joint, while the front ends of the radius rods are mounted on the countershaft on large ball and socket joints, and the rear ends of these rods at the rear axle arc caried on double swivels. The three-point suspension of the motor, combined with this effective use of universal joints, provides for relative movement right from the crank shaft back to the wheels, so that the entire construction is flexible, and tends to give rather than to resist heavy shocks.

Kissel Car Company

The three heavy commercial truck chassis shown by this company were fine specimens of the excellent work it puts into the trucks built by it for commercial use. In addition to these the Kissel Company is manufacturer of motor cars for fire service which combine the same substantial structural work, combined with speed and endurance to stand long service.

United States Tire Company

This well-known company had a large display of tires of various kinds on exhibition. Among these were solid and pneumatic tires for all purposes, besides a specially built pneumatic tire for fire apparatus. The size of this tire was 38 by 8 inches and designed for 3-ton fire trucks. The United States Standard motor truck tire is constructed with metal base made by vulcanizing the tread rubber to a strip of hard rubber. This in turn is vulcanized on to an endless dovetailed, grooved metal band or base. The soft rubber, the hard rubber, and the metal base are all inseparably united into one piece. The joints are as strong as the material itself. It is almost impossible to pull apart, no matter how great the strain may be. The twin tire demountable rim consists of the outside flange wedge ring, the center wedge ring, the inside flange wedge ring, giving a complete demountable twin tire rim of only three movable parts, and one of these, the inside ring, need never be moved once it is in place.

Motor Car Exhibition in Canada

The annual motor car exhibition, which will take place in Toronto, Canada, in February, merits consideration by American manufacturers of cars and accessories. The manager of the exhibition is E. M. Wilcox, 123 Bay Street, Toronto, Canada, who will be glad to furnish fall particulars to those interested.

Swinehart Tire and Rubber Company

Various samples of solid tires and one new solid rubber cushion tire were shown by this company. The latter is used by the Front Orive Motor Company on all fire apparatus it builds. The smooth tread wearing surface of the Swinehart Non-Skid tire exhibited insures protection against skidding for thousands of miles. There are no rubber projections to wear off, or shorten the life of the tire proper. These and other qualities of the Swinehart tire were explained by the representatives of the company to the hundreds of those who visited the show and particularly this fine exhibit.

Polack Tyre and Rubber Company

The solid tires shown by this company created much nterest on account of their maxe, being a distinct type from many other designs shown. The company claims that Polack tires give a maximum continuous service. As is well known the practice in Europe has been to build trucktires higher in cross section than those made In the United States. Polack European Standard Tyres are made in accordance with this principle and give the best results, in mileage, in economy of gasoline consumption in batterv efficiency on electric trucks and in reduction of expense for general upkeep. In addition to the European Standard. Polack Tyres are now made in American S. A. E. sizes of a uniform sectional height of 2 1/4 inches, and of the same superior quality as our Eureopean Standard Tyres.

S. F. Bowser & Company

As usual this company made a very attractive display of its patent oil storage system. Where there are automobiles this oil storage system is indispensable. A handsome pamphlet issued by the company says: “Our equipments are built to conform to that measure of safety prescribed by the National Board of Fire Underwriters. They, therefore, not only provide proper, convenient and accurate storage, but reduce the fire hazard to the minimum. S. F. Bowser, president of the company, was the originator in 1885 of the self-measuring oil storage equipment. From that ime to this it has kept in the lead of oil production in designing and making oil storage and distributing systems. For example, it has revolutionized handling gasoline, by inventing the self-measuring underground storage equipments. This one of many such advance steps will show why the company is to-day recognized as experts in oil storage and its distribution.”

Miscellaneous List of Exhibitors

Among the other exhibitors of trucks and accessories at the great automobile show were the following:

International Motor Company, seven miscellaneous trucks and one combination chemical and hose auto to be installel in the New York Fire Department.

Pierce-Arrow Motor Car Company. Ruffalo, N. Y., three heavy trucks for hauling purposes.

The Pope-Hart ford Company, Hartford, Conn., one 5-ton and one 3-ton trucks with chassis for any kind of body and one combination chemical and hose wagon.

Velie Motor Vehicle Company. Moline, Ill., three chassis for general delivery trucks and hauling bodies.

The American Locomotive Company of 1886 Broadway, New York, had on exhibition several heavy Alco trucks anti chassis.

Buick Motor Company, Flint, Mich., showed four light chassis and a complete delivery wagon.

Garford Company, Elyria, O.. had seven motor trucks of different weights and designs on view.

General Motors Truck Company, Pontiac, Mich., three 3 to 5-ton chassis and one hauling van complete.

Ajax fire Company showed pneumatic tires for pleasure vehicles and delivery wagons. No heavy truck tires.

Federal Motor Truck Company had some light trucks and delivery autos, also one combination auto chemical and hose wagon. Body built by the Monahan Vehicle Company, Providence. R. I. Chemical tanks and extinguishers furnished by the Badger Chemical Fire Extinguisher Company,

Harris Oil Company, a large display of oils tor automobiles.

Tee simplex Fire Extinguisher Company ot this city displayed a battery of its small hand extinguishers for automobiles, with very satisfactory results.

Vacuum Oil Co.—Oils of a large variety tor automobiles.

Havoline Oil Co.—Samples of lubricating oils and greases.

The Motz Tire & Rubber Co—Tires for all sizes and weights of trucks.

The Royal Equipment Co.—External and internal hub brakes and “Raybestos brake lining.

Gibney Tire & Rubber Co.—Solid rubber truck tires.

Favary Tire Co, Inc.—Resilient tires of a mechanical design for trucks and pleasure automobiles.

Sewell Cushion Tire Co.—Cushion wheels for trucks.

Federal Chain & Manufacturing Co.—Traction grips for truck tires.

Newmastic Co.—Solid rubber tires for trucks.

Never-Skid Manufacturing Co.—Non-skids for dual solid rubber tires. The company has equipped several auto fire trucks with these skids and at the present time are being tested out in the New York fire department by Captain Deniareff, who has placed an order for twenty sets.

Non-Fluid Oil Co.—Lubricating oil for automobiles.

Weld Chain Tire Grip Co., 28 Moore street. New York City—Chains for traction and nonskidding. The White Company uses these nonskid chains on their fire trucks.

Never-Out Lamp Co.—Electric and gas automobile and search-lights.

Truffault-Hartford Co.—Shock absorbers, electric starting and lighting apparatus for auto trucks and jacks for automobiles.

Pennsylvania Tire Co.—Tires for trucks and pleasure cars.

Atterbury Motor Car Co.—Two light delivery trucks

Johnson Steel Wheels Corporation.—Steel wheels for trucks.

Gray & Davis.—Lights for automobiles.

COHASSETT WAGON, BUILT BY THE PEERLESS MOTOR CO.

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