THE NEW YORK STATE FIREMEN’S ASSOCIATION.
PROCEEDINGS OF THE CONVENTION AT ROCHESTER.
The State Association assembled in Annual Convention at Rochester on August 15. Elaborate preparations had been made by the Central Committee, composed of Firemen of that city, and no effort was spared to make the visit of the delegates enjoyable in the highest degree. They were invited to various places of interest, and several pleasant excursions were planned and carried out to happy fruition. The Convention was held in the new Exposition Building, which is four stories in height, three floors of which were filled with exhibits of various kinds, most of them being fire apparatus and supplies of every style. It was by far the most complete and comprehensive exhibit of Fire Department supplies ever made. The exhibition of goods and the social features of the gathering were eminently successful. We give herewith an abstract of the proceedings of the Convention.
FIRST DAY.-MORNING SSION.
The Convention was called to order at 10.30 by President Thomas A. Raymond. On calling the roll 160 delegates answered to.their .names out of 205 who had signed it. The exercises were opened with singing, by the Rochester Mannerchor, followed with prayer, offered by Rev. D’Orville Doty. After more music by the Mannerchor, President Raymond irifrodiiced Hon. Cornelius R. Parsons, Mayor of Rochester, who delivered an address .of welcome, as follows;
ADDRESS BY MAYOR PARSONS.
Gentlemen of the Firemen’s Association of the State of New York:
In response to the invitation of your worthy President, and in behalf of the municipal government and of the people of Rochester, I appear before you this morning to address to you words of welcome. This I can but regard as a pleasant duty—a marked privilege. I trust, however, that words of mine are unnecessary at this time to prove how thoroughly and earnestly your presence, and your action in selecting this city for your yearly meeting, are appreciated. If you nave not already discovered the fact, I am sure the evidence will not long be lacking to convince, that the people of this community have looked forward to the assembling of this Convention, and to the visit of the Firemen of this State and their friends from other sections, with feelings of the deepest interest and pleasure. The question has been often asked, Why these annual gatherings? Perhaps I may in a measure enlighten the inquiring mind. Once a year the duly delegated representatives of the Volunteer Firemen of this State meet as one body—as a band of brothers. Years of experience and of honorable service are called to mind; the history of valiant deeds is preserved; unworthy acts are condemned, and proper rules and regulations are established for their guidance. With the promulgation of members deemed alike wise, just and progressive, care is also taken to instill into the minds of the brotherhood now easily the duties of a Fireman can be discharged, in connection with the other obligations due from every citizen to the community in which he dwells. The dead of the past twelve months are not forgotten, and a proper tribute of respect is paid to those who have fallen in the midst of perilous duty. Most commendable are all these features; wise, indeed, the ideas annually presented ; happy the thought that suggested the formation of such an Association, and rapidly may it advance to the fulfillment of a still higher mission. In considering, to-day, the objects of this Convention, we shall also be reminded of the great change that has been wrought within a few years in fire apparatus of every description, and in the memory of many who are residents of this city will be revived pleasing and sad recollections alike, of fire duty performed in the years gone by. This Exposition Building presents an entirely^different display from what could have been produced a quarter of a century ago. The developments in the mechanical world during this period of time are simply marvelous, and the ingenuity of man is not as yet by any means exhausted, for each day seems to produce some new improvement or device. How appropriately may I, at this time, refer to the organization of the first Fire Company in this city. Sixty-five years have elapsed since that interesting and important event took place. Who and where are the men that composed it ? Ex-Mayor Charles J. Hill is the only survivor. Why could not remorseless time have spared all, that they might see the city of their affections adorned as it is to be this week, in honor of om guests ? These men were among the pioneers who laid the foundation of licuntifu! Rochester; were deeply imbued witn a spirit of patriotism and liberty, and ever willing to make needful personal sacrifices for the needful good of their fellowmen. All honor to their memory. You are aware that our Fire Department is, in the main, a Paid Department, but you arc also aware that we still have Volunteer organizations, and, 1 am happy to say, that they bid fair to remain with us many a year to come. But while time, which raises monuments and builds cities, which changes the course of rivers and fells the forest, will sooner or later sweep the Firemen of to-day into oblivion, their valiant deeds will not go unrewarded or unrecorded. As among the mighty men of old there were heroes worthy of the name, so among your brethren who have gone before you, and in your own ranks to-day, there are noble men to whom self-sacrifice is a free-will offering for the good of their fellow-men. Doubtless .Juvenal, and Pliny, and Augustus, could have told us of brave men who gave their lives to this self-sacrificing work. The Roman Fireman, like the Roman soldier, was a man of valor, and like you he was a conservator of the public safety. As time rolls on many years will doubtless elapse before another Firemen’s Convention will again assemble in Rochester, and while the opportunity is offered, let me appeal to each organization to make the engine house and the session hall the headquarters, not only of those noble sons who stay the devouring flames, but also of the reader, of the debator, of the relief organizer, and of the defender of principle. By so doing you will make the foundation of your Association firm, enduring, and self-sustaining; improving your minds, also, and widening the field|of your usefulness. And now, iny friends, allow me in conclusion to say. that nothing concerning your interest, or that of your Association, will ever be a matter of indifference to the people of this city. After the labors and pleasures of this Convention are ended, and you depart for your respective homes, our good wishes will attend you ; and in the days to come, our prayers wiil ascend for the preservation of your lives in the hour of peril.
President Raymond responded as follows :
RESPONSE BY PRESIDENT RAYMOND.
Mr. Mayor and Ladies and Gentlemen :
On behalf of the Firemen’s Association of the State of New York, I thank you, and through you the citizens of Rochester, most heartily for your generous welcome to the famed and beautiful Flower City. It is our custom to convene in annual session, and exchange for mutual good our experiences of the year past, and express our plans and aims for the future. Our reception to-day is refreshing to us in its hospitable wa/mth and encouraging in its magnitude. To battle against the ravages of the destroying element of nre, to protect the lives and property of our fellows, and to give encouragement and aid to each other in the exercise of these arduous duties, expresses the platform of our State Association.
The State of New York is now, and for years has been, the fortunate possessor of many Fire Organizations, composed of brave and noble men, whose meritorious and noble deeds were often chronicled ; yet not until the organization of this Association did our State contain a central harbor for her Firemen to assemble in State Convention, and by this means combine and systematize her constantly increasing fire protection until a degree of satisfactory excellence could be reached, and the service made to serve just the purpose intended, enlisting the aid and membership of representative men from every locality, and deprecating all objectionable and unworthy features.
By thus giving and receiving the experiences of former years, by praising the honorable and self-sacrificing deeds of tiremen, by heartily condemning the acts of those who prove unworthy of the name we prize, by urging and obtaining wise legislation, by protectlrtg and extending our rights and privileges, by the genial warmth of friendship and the honest hand of good-fellowsnip, we have to-day attained a degree of superiority, social standing and influence that must convince the citizens of the Empire State that a man can perform ail the duties of a Fireman and in no degree affect his position or honor as a gentleman.
These annual meetings are thus made to exert a powerful spirit of improvement and emulation, that is not confined within the borders of the State, but its far-reaching in is beneficial influences, that materially strengthen the security of great commercial interests, and brings confidence of protection to the threshold of every home. We come to know and respect each otner, and friendships spring forth to ripen with the years and teach us to rejoice in each other’s prosperity, and mipgle tears in the hours of sorrow and affliction. We miss many faces to-day that were wont to greet us on former occasions, and our hearts are sad when we realize that we shall never greet them again on earth, or listen to their words of friendship and counsel. In the great drama of the future we hope and aspire to play a commendable part, never flinching in the hour of danger, never refusing the piteous cry for help—but by deeds and by fire we will win universal respect, that shall bring to us all along our journey a welcome as generous and hearty as that which we receive and thank you for to-day.
After more music by the Mannerchor, President Raymond announced the Association ready for the transaction of business.
On motion, the following named Committee on Credentials was appointed: J. M. Crapger, of Hudson; J. D. McIntyre, of Kingston; Thomas Honahan, of Frankfort; W. H. Coleman, of Watertown, and W. H. Murray, of Hornellsville.
The announcement was made by the President that a number of manufacturers of fire apparatus were represented, and that they were desirous of having their machines tested in a practical manner. After some discussion the matter was placed in the hands of the Central and Experimental Committees to arrange for trials of apparatus on the following day. Adjournment was then taken until 3 o’clock in the afternoon.
FIRST DAY.-AFTERNOON SESSION.
The Convention was called to order by President Raymond.
The Committee on Credentials reported that there were no contested seats, and the list of delegates presented on the rolls was correct. Report adopted.
The Committee on Experiments reported that the tests would be made on the following day as follows :
At 9 o’clock—Test of electrical apparatus at Exposition Hall.
10 o’clock—Exhibition and test of ladders and fire escapes at Exposition Hall.
11 o’clock—Exhibition and test of hose at Exposition Building.
2 o’clock—Exhibition of mechanical apparatus at Falls Field.
President Raymond presented his annual report as follows:
PRESIDENT’S ANNUAL REPORT.
ROCHESTER, August 16, 1882.
Officers and Members Firemen s State Association, State of New York:
In accordance with the rules laid down in our by-laws, I herewith present my report, a* President of this Association, for the fiscal year 1881-2. The work accomplished during the past year and the success attained is unparalleled in the history of the Association.
Commencing the year in the face of an insolvency of $47.60, the treasury has been rcpleted with sufficient funds to meet the outstanding debts, the current expenses, and leave to our credit, with no obligations outstanding, the handsome sum of $277.04. The magnitude of the Ninth Annual Convention and the accompanying beneficial attractions will surprise and please the many friends of the Association.
By the following recapitulation of our receipts and expenditures it will be seen that the revenue has greatly increased and the disbursements have greatly decreased over former years. The explanation for this unusual prosperity is mainly due to the untiring and voluntary services ot the Firemen’s Central Committee, to whom we are indebted for the elaborate and extensive preparations, and the introduction of newand instructive features attending this Convention. I desire to thank them for their services during my administration, and also to extend my sense of obligation to iny associate officers for their assistance and support.
FINANCIAL statement—1878. 1879, 1880, 1881, 1882.
Secretary Frank M. Baker followed with the reading of his annual report, which was also accepted. The text is as follows :
REPORT OF SECRETARY BAKER.
To the Officers and Members of the Firemen s Association, State of New York:
I would respectfully submit herewith my report as Secretary for the past year. The interest in fire matters throughout our State during the past year has been on the increase, and five new Departments with twelve Companies have been organized, while only eight Companies have disbanded. The Volunteer Fire Service of our State numbers 26,131 men, divided into 245 Departments, with 1028 Companies. These are classified as follows :
The largest Volunteer Fire Departments in our State are as follows :
The interest in drill and discipline of Companies is becoming more manifest, and there seems to be a friendly rivalry as to who will excel, and the general character of the fire service is far in the advance of former years. From my extensive correspondence I have learned that many Companies are being revived and increasing their membership, while the interest in tournaments, parades, re-unions, etc., seems to be on the increase, while the fraternal feeling that is established between Departments has a tendency to help keep up the fire service. Our citizens are more liberal towards the Firemen and provide for the means of extinguishment of fires, yet 1 think their liberality has in no instance been lavishly displayed. Our people speak with pride of their Firemen, and the feeling of disapprobation of former years has nearly all disappeared. Among the many matters of interest to Firemen, as well as every citizen, is the lack of water supply in many of our cities and villages. Departments are furnished with good apparatus, but deficient is the important item, water, and the Firemen are working under many disadvantages and discouragements. During the past year ten Departments have been supplied with water-works and others are contemplating the same step, while the matter of drive-wells is interesting many, and I earnestly hope that the delegates present who are familiar with the workings of this means of supply will give their experience, for it may be of much value to many. Amongst the many letters off inquiry I have had there has been a number asking me m regard to the care of hose, and if there has been any improvements in methods of caring for it. Many Departments are inauiring in regard to the working of extension ladders and their advantages. I am pleased to report the improvements in providing suitable quarters for Firemen and apparatus. New buildings of a substantial character have been built in quite a number of our Departments and they speak well of the localities, who appreciate these Firemen. The matter of proper fire*alarms is one of importance to the Firemen, and many inquire as to the “ best method of getting the ring out of our bell.” Perhaps no question has been asked me more than the following: How shall we get up an interest in our Department or Companies ? and while I have tried in all cases to give some suggestions, I have with pride referred them to some of our Departments who were always alive to the wants of Firemen, and who always found some method to keep up an interest in fire matters. The question of incorporation of Companies under the laws of 1873 has interested a number of Companies, and fourteen have filed their rapers with the Secretary of State at Albany during the past year. Eight of these assisted to draw up the necessary papers. The payment of the two per cent insurance tax had been generally understood by Departments, and there has been but nine applications for the proper form of bonds and blank reports. These I have furnished, and the existing trouble has been remedied. Many inquiries have been made in regard to the exemption of Firemen from poll tax, and it has been understood by a number of Departments that all Firemen are exempt, blit I fail to find any general law that allows it, and only local charters of cities and villages. I would call tne attention of our Law Committee to the feasability of having a general act passed to cover all Departments. Tax exemption, as allowed by the law of 1879, does not generally seem to be urged by Firemen, and in several instances, when the question has been brought to a vote, the Firemen have been defeated. Quite a number of Companies have referred the question of dispute to me, and I have in all cases tried to adjust it satisfactorily. During the past year death has entered our ranks and taken some of our best men, and members have died who belonged to Companies who were members of the Association. After the close of the Saratoga Convention 1 made out bills for delinquent members, and forwarded them to all who were in arrears for dues, and on the 1st day of January wrote all who had not responded, and urged them to pay up and be restored to membership. The result was very pleasing, for the following responded :
The bills for 1882 were made out April 1st, and forwarded each Company, that they might remit promptly, aud thereby assist the Secretary and Treasurer in closing up accounts. This plan has worked well.
One thousand copies of the annual proceedings were published, and most of them distributed to Companies in our State. This matter, until the past year, has been one of expense to our Association, and I am pleased to report that I paid into the treasury the sum of $35.41 after paying all expenses of publication.
The expenses of the Association for the past year have been :
Printing circulars for President and Secretary, letter heads for office, postal cards for office, envelopes, receipts, certificates of membership, petitions,
In conclusion I would urge upon our Association the importance of making our annual gatherings of profit to its members. Many companies do not see the advantages to be gained by joining, and believe they will receive some benefits if not members. I would thank the members for the courtesy shown me always, and hope that our Convention may be of profit to all..
At the conclusion of the reading of his report, Secretary Baker asked that a committee be appointed to examine the books and accounts of the Secretary and the Treasurer. He stated that the report of the President was misleading, inasmuch as it reported the Association insolvent at the beginning of the year, or $47.60 behind. Mr. Baker said that at the Convention of the previous year the Treasurer was not present, but had sent in his report, closing his account previous to the assembling of the Convention. When the delegates came and paid their dues, h.e (Baker) had received $136, which would have been turned over to the Treasurer and included in his report of that year. Had it been so turned over, instead of the report showing an insolvent condition, it would have shown money on hand.
This explanation seeming to be satisfactory, the Committee of Investigation asked for by the Secretary was not appointed, and the matter was dropped.
After the reading of several communications from manufacturers, inviting the Convention to witness trials of their apparatus and supplies, the Convention adjourned to 9 A. M, of the x6th.
SECOND DAY-MORNING SESSION.
There was some misunderstanding as to the programme for this day, the Experiment Committee having named 9 o’clock as the hour for beginning some of the tests, and the Convention having adjourned to the same. When the delegates assembled in the hall President Raymond was not present, being engaged with the Experiment Committee, and not anticipating a meeting of the Convention. After waiting until 10.30 for the President, Vice-President George M. Baker, of Ithaca, was called to the Chair, and the Convention proceeded to business.
Secretary Baker made a short address, in which he said that as he had been identified with the Association from the first, and was now about to withdraw from it entirely, he thought it might be instructive to briefly give a history of the Association. He did so, rehearsing the difficulties encountered during its earlier years, until finally it had received that recognition from Firemen and citizens that it deserved.
On motion of Waldron, of Amsterdam, the election of officers was declared the special order for 10 o’clock A. M. of the 17th.
On motion, the Convention adjourned to 2 o’clock P. M.
SECOND DAY-AFTERNOON SESSION.
President Raymond called the Convention to order, and stated that the meeting of the morning was out of order, as the Convention on the previous day had adopted the report of the Experiment Committee, devoting this entire day to experiments After some discussion the Convention adjourned to the place designated for testing various apparatus.
THIRD DAY-MORNING SESSION.
President Raymond called the Convention to order and called for reports of Com. mittees on Topics previously assigned them.
The first subject call up for discussion was Topic No. 3, ” Extension ladders and should they be adopted by every Department?” The report of the committee favored extension ladders for all heights over thirty-five feet, and especially in connection with Hook and Ladder Companies. The report was adopted.
The next subject taken up by the Convention was Topic No. 11—“ How to maintain an interest in Fire Companies.” The Committee thought a capable set of officers should be selected, who should maintain discipline or preserve order, and have th*? confidence of the men. There should be prompt settlement of fines and dues, and an nual parade days. The voice of the majority to rule. The Committee also recommended the encouraging of social intercourse and a high standard of morality. The report was adopted.
In their report on Topic No. 2, relating to chemical engines, the Committee was Of the opinion that they should be used when there was a liability of oil fires to be extinguished. Adopted.
Regarding Topic No. 13, the report of the Committee favored the election of officers by ballot.
In the discussion regarding driven wells the Committee recommended their use irt small places, as they prove very efficient. They also spoke highly of the wells constructed by Ambrose N. Lane, plans of which are on exhibition at the Exposition building.
Regarding the ” most effective means of giving alarms in cities and towns having volunteer departments,” the Committee recommended the fire alarm telegraph and the tower bell as the most effective means.
The next Topic called up was No. 23, regarding the taxation of Firemen. The report of the Committee favored a State law exempting active Firemen from paying a poll-tax. Secretary Baker called the Convention’s attention to the Minnesota law which relieves active and exempt Firemen from taxation. The report was referred to the Committee on Legislation.
A communication from the Chairman of the Law Committee was then read, requesting that all bills relating to fire matters intended for the legislature should be forwarded to the Law Committee first.
In the discussion of Topics relating to the care of hose, the report stated that nothing new on the subject has been ascertained. The Committee however, favored the use of a tower fifty feet high for washing and ventilating purposes. The report was adopted.
The Convention next took up Topic No. 9. regarding the practical and legal advantages of incorporating Volunteer Fire Companies. The Committee recommended that all Volunteer Companies be incorporated for their own safety and the good of the public. They consider that incorporation would be a benefit in the way of collection of insurance monies. The report was adopted.
The Secretary then read the following resolution, which was unanimously adopted by the Convention : Resolved, That the Law Committee IK? instructed to procure jegislatipn exempting Firemen from jury duty.
Upon the motion of Delegate Norris, Chief O. N. Crane of Canandaigua was appointed as representative to the National Convention of Chief Engineers at Cincinnati. Ferris M. Pronk, of Middletown, was appointed alternate.
The next business to come before the Convention was the election of officer* for the ensuing year. Upon motion of Delegate Mill, the President appointed Thomas M. Lee Ross and Isaac Ellis tellers.
A motion that the place for holding the next Convention be named immedi ately after the election of officers was made and carried.
It was resolved that each delegate rise ii) his seat and name his candidate for President, but a substitute for this finally prevailed, that an informal ballot be taken.
O. N. Crane, of Canadaigua, in a few well chosen remarks, presented the name of Frank M. Baker, of Oswego.
Thomas Honohan then rose, and in a few pointed remark* nominated Thomas A. Raymond. Chief Armstrong, of Jamaica, followed the last speaker, seconding Mr. Raymond’s nomination. Ex-President Marvin, of Jamestown, paid an eloquent tribute to the ability and untiring zeal of Secretary Baker, and said that while Mr. Baker declined office, the Association owed it to itself to confer that honor on one who so well deserved it.
After some further remarks, the informal ballot was taken, resulting in 93 votes for Thomas A Raymond and 86 for Frank M. Baker. Mr. Newman, of Avon, moved that the result be declared a formal vote, but an amendment to proceed to a formal ballot finally prevailed.
Mr. Crane, of Canandaigua, rose and stated that he wanted no unfairness, and requested a formal ballot. There were also some statements made about a trap having been sprung. At this President Raymond arose and denounced the slur thus cast about unfairness in a stirring speech, which was applauded to the echo.
‘The Convention then proceeded to take a formal ballot, which resulted as follows: Thomas A. Raymond received 103 votes and Frank M. Baker received 75 votes. The election of Mr. Raymond was then made unanimous, amid tumultuous applause* When the applause had somewhat subsided, President Raymond arose, and coming forward, said that he thanked the Convention most heartily for this token of their respect. He said that of all the things he prized in social circles, nothing brought him such good cheer and good will as the fire-boys of the Empire state. He also spoke in high terms of the Secretary, Mr. Baker, and said that he was loved by the Firemen throughout the state.
President Raymond then introduced B. Bryson McCool, the President of the Pennsylvania Firemen’s Association.
Mr. McCool, in a few well chosen words,saidjthat he had no idea ofbeing ushered before such an audience. That his anticipations had been more than realized by the display made in this city. That the word Fireman is no longer synonymous with rowdyism, and he hoped that the day was not far distant when every State shall have an Association.
Hon. Henry A. Durr, of the Pennsylvania Association, was the next gentleman introduced, but gracefully excused himself from making a speech.
The election of Secretary was the next business in order and resulted in the choice of Wallace H. Smith, of Kingston.
James S. Murphy, of Buffalo, was unanimously re-elected Treasurer.
Both Mr. Smith and Mr. Murphy, thanked the Convention for the honor thus shown them.
The following Vice-Presidents were chosen for the coming year: S. J. Armstrong* Jamaica; George H. Grafft, Waverly; James McIntyre, Kingston; Isaac E. Ellis. Lockport; Thomas Honohan, Frankford ; J. H. Cullihan, Elmira; John D. Becket, Hoosiac Falls; Win. H. Murray, Hornellsville; E. P. Clark, Ilion ; B. C. Wilson, Addison.
The following is the Executive Committee for the following year : James Faulkner, Jr., Dansville; C. Dennis, Cuba; William T. Young, Flushing; C. G. W. Stoddard, Oneida; Ferris M. Pronk, Middletown.
A Committee, consisting of Messrs. Honohan, McGorry, Senglaub, Berhans and Sackett, was appointed on resolutions.
Mr. Crapser, of Hudson, moved that The Fireman’s Herald, in conjunction with THE FIREMEN S JOURNAL be made the official papers oi the Association.
The motion was seconded by Mr. Thomson, editor of THE FIREMAN’S JOURNAL, who said that any one who had the courage and the enterprise to make a respectable Fireman’s paper was deserving of the endorsement of the Association and the support of the Firemen of the land.
The motion was adopted.
The Convention then passed a vote of thanks to Mr. Meachcm, representing the Benedict Billiard Table Company, for the elegant billiard table donated to the Exposition.
A Committee, consisting of Messrs. C. G. W. Stoddard, Honohan and Newell, was then appointed to have charge of the disposition of the billiard table. The Convention then adjourned until two o’clock.
THIRD DAY-AFTERNOON SESSION.
Promptly at two o’clock in the afternoon the Convention re-assembled. President Raymond in the chair.
On motion, Kingston was selected for the next annual Convention.
A motion was then made that R. A. Huntington, Frank M. Baker and Thomas A. Raymond be declared life members. The motion was passed with unanimity and applause.
Several of the exhibitors were thpn heard in behalf of their exhibits.
The report of the Law Committee was read and adoped and the report of the Committee on Exhibits received. Reports on several of the remaining Topics for discussion were also read.
John P. Kislingbury and Samuel B. Williams, of this city; Cornelius Burgans, of Kingston; N. H Gilbert, of Fulton, and George N. Gardinier, of Amsterdam, were added to the list of life members.
It was voted that a Committee of five be appointed on Amendments to the Constitution and By-laws and report at the next annual Convention.
The Treasurer then read his annual report, which was followed by extended remarks concerning the items contained therein.
A representative of the Committee on the Billiard Table was next presented to the Convention and explained how the table is to be awarded.
The Committee on Resolutions handed in their report, which extended the thanks of the State Association to the citizens of Rochester for courtesies shown and the entertainment afforded in that city ; which conferred the obligations of the Association to the city officials, and which spoke in terms of praise in regard to the work accomplished by the retiring secretary. The report of the Committee on Resolutions was adopted.
Mr. Crane, a former President of the Association, followed with an address to the delegates, in which he thanked them in feeling terms for the privileges extended him while here.
On motion, it was ordered that a memorial page be added to the printed proceedings of this year’s Convention.
On invitation, Mr. Thompson, of the Department of St. Thomas, Canada, briefly addressed the meeting.
After the transaction of some other business of a routine nature, an adjournment was taken until next year, at Kingston.
THE COMPETITIVE DRILL.
The competitive drill which took place Friday morning was the most interesting, instructive and attractive feature of the Convention. All who witnessed it spoke of it in the most enthusiastic terms, as marking an epoch in the improvement of the Fire Service, and as indicating the character of the men now engaged in it. The editor of THE JOURNAL, who was ill during the whole time he was in Rochester, regrets exceedingly that he was unable to witness this excellent performance; nothing but positive sickness could have kept him away. The following account of the drill we take from the Rochester Union of the 18th inst.:
The attendance at the Park this forenoon to witness the prize parade and drill was very large, and the bands kept the air loaded with excellent music. The air was just comfortably cool, and the enthusiasm was intense. There were many ladies in the stands who, in many cases, held elegant bouquets of flowers to confer upon their favorite Company. Altogether the scene was a very imposing one, and was one long to be remembered.
The prize drill was commenced at 9.30, according to programme. The first Company to appear was the Safety Hose Company of Johnstown, twenty-four men strong.
SAFETY HOSE, OF JOHNSTOWN.
They were dressed in white caps and white pants, with blue blouses. The Company made an excellent appearance, under command of Foreman Charles Ball. They kept excellent time, and when marching four abreast the columns looked like one man. Their distances were preserved with great nicety. The second motion was a wheel by sections, which excited great applause. TL hen came the fours left and right in circle wheel, which is an action that requires perfectness of motion in detail. When they halted, their distance was perfect as they stood in three sections of eight men each. Their drill was interrupted by the crowd rushing upon the track. It was almost impossible to clear the track. Their right about movement was executed in good time and with great unity of movement. The right four in circle wheel followed by left fours in circle wheel was excellent. The fours right and left about called forth great cheers, and the lines were kept excellent. The repetition of the movement brought them into sections with great perfectness. The right oblique was a little unsteady in the first section of four. The column right and column left was first-class. The right fours right about followed by left fours right about brought the men into perfect lines, and the applause was spirited. The formation into company front was well executed, but the line was not first-class. The line was bent by being crowded against the fence. The left oblique with company front was not good. A fancy move, unknown to military men, was done in splendid style, which brought down the audience. The formation into a cross was a beautiful move, and the right about was equally well done. The reduction of the cross into sets of fours was done well, and that was followed by open order and the formation of the square with great precision. The completion of their exhibition was received with applause, and the Company and their friends have reason to be especially proud of their appearance.
ELLSWORTH HOSE OF PENN YAN.
The second company, the Ellsworth Hose of Penn Yan, appearad, with F. W. Brown, in dark blue uniforms, with cut-away coats and fine badges suspended from their breasts. The color bearer was an African of regular step. The first motion was a formation of company front from threes, which was followed by a unique salute to the judges. Then followed wheels by the three sections of six men each. The threes right in circle wheel followed by left threes in circle wheel was done in good style. The sections left wheel was good, and the apex movement was a novel and excellent movement. Their movement was of the Knights Templar order. The wheels by threes to form sections in apex style attracted much attention, and the sections front into line followed by march in company front was almost perfect. The movement of threes right into line was followed by the formation of the square, and both movements were excellently performed. The left oblique was good, and the formation into the cross was magnificent. The dissolution of the cross was not of the best. The double cross formation was finely executed, and its dissolution into sections of threes was done with great exactness. The star wheel called forth great applause, and the star from sixes and thence from threes in reverse order was an uncommonly executed movement. The color bearer occupied a responsible position, and he performed his part excellently, not making a mis-movement throughout the whole drill. The company front that followed march was perfect, rarely excelled in the regular army. The apex form was then repeated in splendid style. The company showed excellently in all their movements, and were repaid for their hard work by the heartiest cheers of the vast throng. Penn Yan ought to buy each man a medal and feed them on the best they have when they get home.
LOGAN HOOK AND LADDER OF AUBURN.
The Logan Hook and Ladder Company of Auburn started with company front and made a good company wheel. They wore blue coats and pants and Firemen’s hats. The movement of twos right and left was not well executed. The formation and dissolution of the cross which followed by closing from the centre was good. The reverse fours was a new and good-looking movement. Another novel move was marching in fours with arms on each other s, shoulders. The star was first-class and the extension of the star followed by the circle brought down the multitude. The large circle and close order march was perfect. The reduce circle into single line was followed by form fours right oblique, all of which was performed admirably. The right by file was done well. The order form a star circle was followed by form fours kept oblique and they were excellently executed. The Company then formed sections by sixes. The odd sections three in circle right and left wheel followed by the same in the rear sections was done in grand style, The formation of a Greek cross was done in an excellent manner and was followed by the square in close order, after which the square was reduced in fine order. The left front into line form fours was magnificently executed, and the Company left wheel guide centre created the greatest enthusiasm. The march in sections of six from rear to front in open order was a grand movement. When they closed on No. 1 their distance was perfect. The formation of fours from sections of six in open order “ took the cake,’’ said an old military man. The cross by double file was another movement that elicited great applause. Right front into line face to the rear movement was “ immense. Fours right about from Company front was in good time and distance. The on right into line by fours brought the men in exact position. The Company finished amid screams of delight from many throats. The Company was commanded in a thorough manner by william E. Storer, who gave his orders in a clear, prompt and regular manner.
HYDRANT HOSE OF LOCKPORT.
The Hydrant Hose Company were ushered in by a band. They had twenty-four men and three officers. They were attired in lon£ blue coats, with polished helmets. Their salute was like that of one man. The right oblique was the first movement. The line in Company front was straight, and the rightabout was good. On the return, in company line, the line was bent quite badly. The wheel by platoons was not good; the movement by platoons, left wheel, was a little irregular. The wheel by platoons left into line was first-class. The wheel by three, sections of eight, was fair, and the wheel into line brought the men in at exact distance. The wheel by platoons was the next movement, and it was done in good form and time. The company right-about created much applause. The company wheel was poor at the start but grew better before the order of break company line into sets of fours was given. The Company then shifted into threes and formed a good square. This was followed by a fair star movement, followed by threes right and left about full circle wheel. The left oblique was followed by threes right open order, from which the close into sections was good. By fours nght and left wheel into sections was done in fine style. By sections, left wheel followed by odd sections threes right and left wheel aroused enthusiasm. Then the Company line was formed, followed by fours right. The left wheel into line brought them into a, good line, and the right oblique was A No. x. The Greek cross was fair. Then platoons were formed, and the right wheel by platoons was no better than average. The breaking from platoons into fours broke up the first eight into one squad of three and an other of five. After the Company’s picture was taken they retired amid great applause.
KNICKERBOCKER STEAMER COMPANY OF WATERFORD.
The Knickerbocker Steamer Company of Waterford appeared in red shirts, Firemen’s hats and black pants. They gave an excellent marching salute, followed by right by twos. The left flank march was a well executed movement, the first of the day. The fours into line and company front was grand, and the right forward fours right was another good one. From the head of column sections were well formed, and the sections left into line was excellent, and created great enthusiasm. From the head of columns platoons were formed with great precision, and the by platoons left into line was great. The right by twos prepared tne company for forming fours left oblique, which was well done, and that was followed by forming seetions left oblique in good style. Then platoons left oblique was excellently done, which was followed by platoons right forward fours right. The left front into line, left oblique, was cheered by General Sharpe, who watched them from the press stand. The company wheel was thunderously applauded and the company line march was an equal success. Fours left about was the next order, followed by fours right about, which was done in excellent time. To the rear march was splendid. Twos right and left about was splendid, and the same order brought them exactly into position. The twos right and left circle wheel made a fine exhibition. By fours right and left circle wheel caused much applause, for the distance was exact. The cross was then formed in splendid style. Sections were formed by left oblique, followed by sections right and left about, which was done with great precision. By sections fight and left complete wheel was thoroughly good, and the backward wheel made every throat and hand of the audience lively. The star movement was fine, and the extension of the same was encored. The order on right by fours into line was executed in a grand manner. The side step to the right created enthusiasm, and was followed by parade rest. To the rear open ranks followed by to the rear three paces was excellent. Fours right, double time, created enthusiasm unbounded. The Company retired on double time in excellent order and they were greatly applauded. The company was commanded by Chief Lloyd, of Waterford.
STEAMER AND HOSE COMPANY OF PALMRYA.
The Steamer and Hose Company of Palmyra drilled with thirty-two men in white shirts, white Firemen’s hats and gray pants. They came on in fours, and formed company line, after which they gave the salute. Fours left about was followed by fours right about. Right oblique was the next move followed by from the centre extend. .Four ^sections of eight men were well formed and odd sections right and left wheel drew forth applause. Then left oblique by sections was excellent, followed by sections right and left wheel. They were brought together by right and left oblique intosections, which was executed finely. The movement of division of sections into fours was good. Their obliques were the best of the day. The wheeling by sections was excellent and was followed by close order in fours. The taking of distance was good, and was shown when fours in circle wheel and sections in circle wheel, and then the same by platoons, took them into excellent line. The company line march was excellent, and was followed by left forward fours left that brought applause. Their movements were all exact and in first-class time. By the left flank caused much hearty applause. This was followed by fours right and left about, which was repeated. Form sections left oblique put a mark against them, but they formed an excellent square and made a splendid right about. The square was reduced in a graceful method, and then the star was formed in good shape. Another right oblique, followed by right and left wheel and right and left flank, were grand. The final movement of company right into line was done in an artistic manner.
HYDRANT HOSE OF GENEVA.
The last Company to compete was the Hydrant Hose Company of Geneva. They appeared in light gray suits and caps. They were ushered upon the ground, with a band, and were twenty-four strong, with officers. The men were verv nearly of a size and presented a handsome appearance. Their salute was good. The first movement was fours right. The obliques were no more than fair, and their section lines were a little crooked. The right by fours was well executed, but ‘the section wheels were not as good as shown by the previous Companies. The star was well formed, but the dissolution of an oblique movement was poor. The company front was in keeping with their previous movements.
At one o’clock Sheriff Schoeflfel announced the result of the drill from the balcony of the exposition building. The scores were reckoned on a basis of 100 for perfection and are as follows :
Two elegant silk flags, designated first and second prizes, were awarded to the winners in the competition. The drilling was under the following rules and regulations, and the award was made by the Committee named below :
1. Companies will be called for drill by one tap of the bell, in the order named above, commencing at 9 o’clock A. M., sharp.
2. Each Company must be on handjo the minute of such call, and if more than fire minutes elapse thereafter, such Company will be considered to ha/e withdrawn, and the next Company in order will be called.
3. Twenty minutes will be allowed each Company to drill, and the second tap of the bell will announce the expiration of the time, when the Company will be immediately marched from the ground.
. Companies may drill w ith or without music, as they may elect.
’inally, appreciating the fact that no standard tactics have been adopted by the Fire Companies of the State, we have decided to allow the greatest latitude to all Companies participating in this drill, reserving the right, however, to criticise in detail the various movements presented, the same to be an element in making the award ot prizes. General perfection in appearance, bearing and movements will be considered as a basis of award, and the earnest desire of the judges will be to make such award with perfect fairness and equity to all. All may rest assured of •our best consideration, and no element of favoritism will enter our councils.
COLONEL FRANCIS A SCHOEFFEL,
MAJOR ANDREW J. HATCH, Secy,
COLONEL SAMUEL S. EDDY.
MAJOR GEORGE F LODER,
CAPTAIN HENRY B. HENDERSON,
It was utterly impossible to obtain a correct list of all the goods exhibited, for which fact the exhibitors are themselves to blame. Had each one handed to the Superintendent of the floor whereon his goods were placet! a list of all articles included in his display, such list would have been accessible to members of the press, and all would have received proper consideration. It was impossible, however, in the crowded condition of the building day and night, and the frequent absence of the exhibitors themselves from their stands, for any one to ascertain the facts regarding the exhibits. We give below as perfect a list as we could compile, and if we have omitted any exhibitors it has been done for the reason given above, and not intentionally. Our desire is to give due credit to every one of the numerous exhibitors, who, at much cost to themselves, contributed so much to the interest of the occasion and made of the exhibition the grandest display of fire apparatus and supplies ever seen at one time. The exhibits continued to arrive from the first to the last day, thereby adding to the difficulty of getting a correct list of exhibitors or their goods:
The Silsby Manufacturing Company, of Seneca Falls, exhibited a No. 1 and a No. 4 Silsby Engine. They were elegantly finished in every respect, of their standard make, and attracted marked attention. The No. 4 engine was built for Oswego, and will be sent there at once for approval. At the test made on Wednesday it worked admirably, and was afterward included in the parade.
Rumsey & Co., of Seneca Falls, N. Y., exhibited some fine specimens of apparatus of their manufacture. Their work attracted marked attention from the Firemen, but is so well known that it does not require special mention here.
Among the exhibits of Rumsey & Co. were two hand engines, built to fill orders from Franklinville and Churchville, N. Y.; hook and ladder trucks, also built to fill orders; hose carriages, jumpers, etc. The truck built for the Senaca Falls Department attracted much attention.
On the same floor were a hand engine from Franklinville, N. Y., hand engine from Churchville, a Harrison Hose Cart from Brock port, a hose jumper from Franklinville, N. Y.
The elegant wagon just completed by the Milburn Manufacturing Company of Toledo, for the Protectives of Rochester, intended to carry twelve men and their equipments, is a substantial one, and attracted much attention.
S. M. Stewart & Co., of Rochester, exhibited hook and ladder trucks and extension ladders, fire-escapes, lanterns, etc.; also Hose carriages. Their apparatus was much admired by Firemen, who appreciate good work.
Among the apparatus exhibited by Stewart & Co. were two hook and ladder trucks, made for Avon and Suspension Bridge; an Excelsior truck; two Department wagons, built for Detroit; and the beautiful hose cart built for the Actives of Rochester.
J. R. Hunter & Co., of Rochester, exhibited safes of various sizes and styles.
The American Fire Hose Company, of Chelsea, Mass., represented by Messrs. Callahan, Rapalje and ex-Chief Ira Wood, of Syracuse, made a very attractive exhibit of their various brands of hose, play-pipes, nozzles, Siamese connections, hose lifters, couplings, tools for attaching and detaching couplings, etc.; in fact, a very complete line of Fire Department supplies.
The Fabric Fire Hose Company, of Warwick, N. Y., represented by 1, 0. Markey, exhibited their various brands of balanced woven fabric hose, which they guarantee to be rot and mildew-proof.
The Gutta Percha and Rubber Company, of New York, represented by E. S. Street, exhibited rubber hose and seamless fabric hose of various grades; also the Prunty shut-off nozzle.
The Boston Woven Hose Company, represented by Mr. Preston, of New York, exhibited fabric hose of their construction of various kinds and descriptions.
The New York Belting & Packing Company, of New York, represented by J. R. Chamberlain, of Rochester, made a very extensive exhibition of rubber and fabric hose of different grades; Mr. Chamberlain also represented the New England Linen Hose Company, exhibiting linen hose in various forms. He also represented the Allen Supply Company of Providence, and had a liberal assortment of coup lings, play-pipes, nozzles, etc.
The exhibit by the Steam Gauge Lantern Company, of Rochester, was very full and complete, including almost everything in the line of lanterns and lighting apparatus ; also silver-plated Firemen’s lanterns.
The Union Water Meter Company, rotary meters from three inches down to a half inch ; also one of the first duplex pistons, just out; also a three bell fire alarm steam gong.
The Ludlow Manufacturing Company, Troy, N. Y., improved Ludlow fire hydrants; ten-inch Ludlow valve.
The National Meter Company, of New York, rotary crown meters, from four to one-half inch.
R. D. Wood & Co., of Philadelphia, a single and double valve fire hydrant; also fire hydrant with sprinkling cart hydrant attachment.
S. B. Williams, Rochester, exhibited various kinds of lubricating oils, harness and burning oils and axle grease.
The Vacuum Oil Company, of Rochester, made an elegant display of lubricating and cylinder oils, arranged in bottles; also coach oils, blacking, burning fluids, axle grease.
Ambrose N. Lane, of Rochester, showed a gang of Lane’s improved tubular wells for village supply system, adopted both to single wells or for cities.
The Eureka Steam Heating Company, Rochester, gas and water curb boxes. top valve boxes, steam valves, steam cocks and gauges, radiators and register boxes.
American Fire Shield Company, of New York, represented by F. W. Sanborn, tire shields or asbestos cloth curtain for theatres and for building protection.
The Willard Protection Copnpany, West Dc Pere, Wis., model of an automatic elevator shaft.
Charles Oyston, Little Falls, N. Y., exhibited the Excelsior flame-killing syringe; also spray nozzles for fighting oil fires and others of a dangerous character.
S. F. Reynold, Auburn, N. Y., automatic hose reel for use in warehouses and large buildings where there is water pressure.
William Howell, Boston, exhibited the Holland patent service pipe.
Howlett Bros., Rochester, agents for the Boston Belting Company, heavy fire and mining rubber hose, fire buckets, and the Goodyear fire hose, blankets, chemical engine hose, Department coats.
The Utica Fire Alarm Telegraph Company, Utica, representing the Gamewell Fire Alarm Company, of New York, have a full exhibit of everything in the line of fire alarm telegraphy, including various kinds of signal boxes, strikers and tappers. Also Pond’s electric bell and gas lighter, and electro-mechanical tower bell striker, both in operation. Also a full miscellaneous electrical exhibit, tastefully arranged on an exhibition frame, and including every variety of bells, enunciators, return balls, detectors and push buttons. The apparatus was fully exhibited and explained by J. W. Stover, President of the Gamewell Company.
Frost v Co., of Rochester, floral display, evergreen arch, tropical plants, etc. They had some finely arranged cut flowers, also two flowers of night blooming cercus,
Rapalje Bros., Rochester, artificial flowers and grasses, also natural flowers, tastefully arranged.
White Bros., Rochester, tropical plants. A very large and fine collection.
S. Millington, Rochester, made a fine display of signs and banners.
The O-Atka woolen mills of Oliver Allen & Sons, Mttmford, exhibit a choice line of fine flannels of all colors, and especially adapted for Firemen’s uniforms and trimmings. Samples of these goods made up were worn by the Alerts of Rochester and the Geneva Company and the two Bradford Companies.
Braxmar, the badgemun, was on hand with an elegant display of gold and silver budges, beautifully engraved and ornamented with the symbols of the fire service. Badges of his make were worn by thousands of the Firemen who participated in the parade. .
Shaw’s automatic relief valve and Shaw’s variable nozzle were exhibited by the inventor himself. The variable nozzle is something new, throwing a stream the size of which can be regulated by the simple turning of a screw on the outside. An illustration of it appears for the first time in our advertising columns this week.
Cairns & Bro., of New York, exhibited an elegant assortment of Firemen’s equipments, including hats, caps, uniforms, belts, badges, trumpets, and almost everything that goes to convert a plain citizen into a fully uniformed Fireman, armed and equipped as the by-laws direct.
Yost & Mosher, of Homellsville, had a display of badges which attracted everybody. The exhibit was tastefully arranged, and excited the envy of every rightminded Fireman.
Curtis & Kinnc, Rochester, make a fine display of awnings, tents, sail cloth, ropes, tackles, etc.
Williamson & Higbie, Rochester, have a variety of souvenir badges and ivory watch charms, and a general collection of stationery.
R. S. Kenyon & Co. make a very full display of Firemen’s uniforms, equipments, hats, lanterns, horns, scarf and vest pins, etc.
The floral displays in the Exposition Building were very fine, and were exhibited by those famous Rochester florists, Hiram Sibley & Co., James Vick, Rapalje Bros., White Bros, and others.
Milton IL Smith, of Rochester, made a fine display of illuminated cards of address, bearing the symbols, in various colors, of the Fire Service and different secret orders. These cards are very popular among Firemen, and Mr. Smith, who has but one arm, is especially deserving of their patronage.
TESTS OF APPARATUS.
BENNER’S STAND-PIPE AND FIRE ESCAPE.
The combined stand-pipe and balcony and ladder fire escape, erected by M. Benner, ex-Chief of Chicago, on a large brewery, was tested in the presence of a large portion of the delegates. Connection was made by hose at the bottom, the water turned on, and in a moment the stream appeared through the opening of the stand-pipe on the roof of the building. Here another section of hose was attached, by means of which the stream was directed wherever desired. The ladder was tested by several Firemen, who ran up and down with great agility. This combination of fire protection with the means of escape from danger commended itself to all spectators, as it has wherever it has been erected.
THE REYNOLDS AUTOMATIC HOSE REEL.
A test of Reynolds automatic hose reel was made in front of the Exposition Building in the presence of a large crowd. The machine consists of an ingenious piece of connecting mechanism so arranged that one man can turn on the water from the hydrant, then run out with the hose, and when he is out ten feet a valve is automatically opened and the hose is filled before it is unreeled. It was attached to a hydrant, and the water was thrown as far as the pressure on the mains would permit The test was quite satisfactory, and the reel is unquestionably a good thing for quick laying of hose. A peculiarity of this reel is a positive joint in the hub of the wheel; also a device for opening the valve without springs, and under no circumstances can the valve fail to open, and the reel will work under any pressure.
THE HARKNESS FIRE EXTINGUISHER.
Charles F. Kleinian gave an exhibition of the Harkness Extinguisher at Falls Field, in the presence of a large number or persons. An open piece of framework had been erected of hemlock, two feet by four, twelve feet high and twenty feet long. Six gallons of kerosene and twenty-five gallons of tar were poured on. The fire was extinguished in ninety seconds, with 270 pounds pressure. The fire was extinguished from the bottom, and afterwards an attempt was made to set it on fire again, but only the kerosene would burn.
THE FIRE SHIELD.
F. W. Sanborn, of the American Fire Shield Company, also gave an exhibition of their fire-proof canvas. A large fire was made of pine lumber saturated with kerosene oil, and about two feet behind this was placed a large canvas some twenty feet square. The fire burned for about fifteen minutes and was quite hot, but the canvas shield was not burned in the least. The test seemed to prove conclusively that the Company have really a genuine fire-proof protection canvas.
THE SILSBY ENGINE.
The elegant new nickle-plated Silsby Engine, made by the Silsby Manufacturing Company, of Seneca Falls, for the Oswego Fire Department, was exhibited at the race near the paper mill. The engine is a No. 4 in size and is mounted on half elliptic springs all around and embodies all the latest improvements. Charles T. Silsby, of Seneca Falls, was present, and R. Denne had charge of the exhibition. Charles E. Wessell and Fireman John Urquhart manipulated the apparatus. Superintendent Edwin Medden and Lewis Johnson, of the Company, who is Foreman of No. 1 Engine Company at Seneca Falls, also took part in the exhibition. The engine did all that was expected of it, by throwing a large stream as high as any building in the vicinity. Two streams were thrown to an estimated height of 150 feet. The test was considered very satisfactory, and demonstrated the fact that the Silsby Fire Engines are not only built for show and exhibition, but for hard work, and that they can be relied upon to do their work satisfactorily. The test was not under the most auspicious circumstances, as during much of the time the rain was falling copiously.
A TEST OF HOSE.
There was also a test of different kinds of hose given in Centre street. The Eclipse hose, made by the American Fire Hose Company of Chelsea, Mass.,was the first tried. The first section used weighed 46^ pounds. The hose measured, with ten pounds pressure, 50.07 feet, with 100 pounds 50.65 feet, and with 200 pounds 51.22 feet. It burst at a pressure of 410 pounds. The second section tested was the Boston Woven Hose Company’s jacket hose, weighing 4854 pounds, and which was tested to 450 pounds without bursting, although the elongation was considerable more than with the other hose. At this point the testing pump broke down, so that the other brands of hose offered for testing could not be subjected to pressure.
THE SHAW VARIABLE NOZZLE.
During the test of hose Mr. Shaw seized the opportunity to exhibit his variable nozzle, which he did with most gratifying results. By his simple device the size of the stream can be readily regulated, and at the same time a steady, even flow of solid water secured.
STEWART LADDER TEST.
Considerable interest was manifested in the test of the Stewart extension ladder. The Committee on Fire Apparatus had announced that the test would take place on the Odd Fellows’ Hall, corner of Clinton and East Main streets, promptly at three o’clock. At the hour named a large crowd gathered to witness the feat. The Committee failed to put in an appearance, and an impromptu Committee was selected with George Arnold, of this city, as chairman. W. Boon, Foreman of Truck No. 2, and nine of the men from Engine-house No. 2 had charge of the ladders. The ladder is 67 feet long when extended, and weighs 492 pounds. It was first raised, extended and placed in position upon the building, reaching some distance above the roof, and was tested by six of the men rapidly ascending it. It bore the test admirably It was then taken down and placed upon the street, and the boys had it raised and fully extended in the incredibly short space ot thirty seconds, and in fifty-one seconds a man was at the extreme top. The Committee were unanimous in their verdict as to the substantial character of the ladder and the perfection with which it worked. They also expressed satisfaction with the proficiency with which the ladder was handled by the boys of No. 2
Mr. Charles Oyston, of Little Falls, N. Y., gave an exhibition of his various spray nozzles, and also of his flame-killing syringe. He desired to give a practical illustration of the capacity of these nozzles in extinguishing fire, but did not succeed in getting material together to form a blaze at the proper time and place, owing to a misunderstanding regarding the matter. He demonstrared, however, that bv his nozzles a spray of any degree of fineness can be secured. Readers of THE JOUR, NAL will remember that Mr. Oyston has contributed several article to our columns to substantiate his theory, that a spray is more effective than a solid stream in putting out fires.
There were other exhibitions of fire escapes and minor appliances of which we received no report. Not being able to be in half a dozen places at the same time* it was impossible to observe all that transpired during the four days of unusual excitement, when everyone wanted to be everywhere all at once. Any omissions in either our list of exhibitors or notices of trials we will be happy to supply in future issues, il the parties interested will send us the facts.
The parade of the Rochester Department and visiting Companies on Friday was the grand event of the week, looked forward to with interest by citizens and anticipated with anxiety by thousands from neighboring cities and the country. The city wore a festival appearance, flags and banners appearing everywhere ; the show windows of merchants were gayly decorated with emblems of the Fire Service and mottoes of welcome, while the private residences along th’e line of march were brilliant with bunting, evergreens, flowers and beautiful women. It is estimated that from 50,000 to 60,000 persons lined the streets on that day, to get a view of the passing Firemen and their decorated apparatus. This was the grand culmination of the Convention, and this was the attraction which drew the greatest crowd to Rochester that was ever inside the city limits. The hour for the procession to move was fixed at 3 o’clock in the afternoon. Bv 10 o’clock in the forenoon the throng began to assemble on Main street. By 12 o’clock windows in every building along the line of march began filling with people. By 1 o’clock the crowd on Main street became so dense that travel was blockaded, and street cars could not run without trampling human bodies under foot, and it was with great difficulty that the Fire Companies who were forming in line could march through. At 2 o’clock Main street presented a scene never witnessed before in Rochester, even by the “ oldest inhabitant.” Windows, and doors, and awnings, and roofs were thronged with people. The towers of Powers’ block and the Sibley building were black with human forms. At this distance, and also from the roofs of the highest stores, it was, of course, impossible to distinguish men or Companies, but science came to their relief, and opera and field glasses glistened in the bright sunlight. As the hour of three approached, Main street was one great swaying mass of humanity, crowding and pushing and tramping children under feet. It seemed an utter impossibility for any procession to move through this crowd, and old people viewing the spectacle from windows, shook their heads with fear at the result of an attempt.
At about three o’clock Chief Law S. Gibson, the Chief Marshal of the day, rode to the head of Elizabeth street, where the First Division was resting, and inquired if everybody was ready. lie was told that the First Division was prepared to march at a moment’s notice. Then wheeling his horse about, he called ” Attention!” There was quiet for a moment, and then the Chief gave the command ” March !” As this word rang out the Fifty-fourth Regiment Band struck up the ” Salutation March,” and the grand procession, comprising the flower of the Volunteer Fire Service of the Empire State, moved The work of making a way through the dense throng by the mounted policemen was no easy task, and was at some points slow work. It was accomplished, however, without accident of a serious nature. The parade was, for beauty of uniforms, for efficiency in drill, for style of apparatus, and for general appearance of the men, unquestionably the finest ever witnessed at any Convention in this State, or perhaps the country at large, when the Philadelphia Centennial parade is excepted. The applause of the crowd along the line was continuous and enthusiastic. Old and young men waved their hats and ladies thenhandkerchiefs. Flowers were passed out to the Firemen, and at points along the line lemonade was furnished without breaking the line of march.
Below will be found the order of procession, the name of each Company and its Foreman, and the number of men. and the name of each band and the number of pieces. Prom this list it will be seen that there were about 3000 men in line, sixtythree Companies and thirty-seven bands. The order of the procession was as follows:
ORDER OF PARADE.
Chiel Law S. Gibson, Chief Marshal, mounted; Firemen’s Central Comnvttec, 4 mounted police; Platoon of police, 50 men, under command of Captain Cleary and four Lieutenants.
First Division.—C. A. Brady, Assistant Marshal, commanding; Visiting Chiefs, exChiefs and Assistants, under command of Assistants Malcolm and Banish ; Fiftyfourth Regiment Band, 25 pieces ; Alert Hose Company, Rochester, John R. Kelly, Foreman, Thomas C. Hodgson, Marshal, 85 men ; Seventy-fourth Regiment Band, Buffalo, 25 pieces; Citizen Hose No. 2, Bradford, Pa., W. M. Williams, Foreman, 50 men ; Holligan drum corps, Troy; Knickerbocker Steamer Company, Waterford, James Ix>rd, Foreman, 26 men ; Twelfth Regiment Band, Blossburg, Tioga County, Pa., 21 pieces; Alert Hose. Wellsboro’, Pa., George M. Spaulding. Foreman, 37 men ; Adair’s Band, Cohocton, 18 pieces; Avon Hook and Ladder Company, Avon, W. S. Newman, Foreman, 40 men; Rescue Hose Company, Cuba, M. A. Hill, Foreman. 23 men ; City Guard Band, Binghamton, 21 pieces; Fountain Hose No. 4, Binghamton, H. T. Alden, Foreman, 60 men ; ‘I renton Band, Cobourg, Ont , 21 pieces; Ever Readv Hose No. 2, Cobourg, C. W. Pratt, Forcman, 35 men ; Walworth Band, 16 pieces ; Deluge Engine and Hose Company, Newark, M. S. Peer, Foreman, 30 men.
Sesond Diznsion.—Theron E. Parsons, Assistant Marshal, commanding ; Ryan Battalion Band, 25 pieces; Protectives, of Rochester, Richard W. Bemis, Foreman, 46 men; Exempt Firemen’s Association, Rochester, J. D. Schleber. Foreman, 50 men ; LaFrance Band, Elmira, 22 pieces; Ellsworth Hose Company, Penn Yan. W. Bryan, Foreman, 32 men; St. Catherine’s Band, Ontario, 28 pieces ; Citizens’ Hose, St. Catherine’s, George Carlisle, Foreman, 32 men; Orleans Band, 16 pieces; Palmyra Steamer and Hose-No. 1, J. C. Coates, Foreman, 40 men ; G. A. R. Band, Tonawanda, 20 pieces; De Graff Hose Company, Tonawanda, Samuel Summers, Foreman, 33 men; Saxton Band, Clyde, 15 pieces; Protectives No. I, Clyde, Byron Smith, Foreman, 34 men; Silsby Hose No. 2, Seneca Falls, Thomas Carr, Foreman, 26 men.
Third Division.—Morris Lamppert, Assistant Marshal, commanding; Leopold Cornet Band, Rochester, 20 pieces; Active Hose Company, Rochester, R. Charles Reynell. Foreman, 50 men ; Miller’s Band, Buffalo, 19 pieces ; Exempt Firemen’s Association, Buffalo, James L. Rogers, President, 75 men ; Spring Creek Band, 16 pieces ; Johnson Hose Company, Bradford, John Lane, Foreman, 30 men ; Campbell Hose, Cohoes, M. McMurray, Captain, 20 men; Odd Fellows’ Band, Belleville. Ont., 19 pieces ; Belleville Hose, Belleville, David Brandford, Foreman, 30 men ; Safety Hose No. 4. Johnstown, C. H. Ball, Foreman, 24 men ; Scottsville Musical Association, 20 pieces ; Scottsville Fire Department, W. H. Slocum, Foreman, 60 men ; Rumsey Protectives, Seneca Falls, W. T. Smith. Foreman, 30 men.
Fourth Division.—A. H. Otto. Assistant Marshal, commanding; Sutton’s Band, Geneva, 15 pieces; Hydrant Hose Company, Geneva, F A. Malette, foreman, 32 men ; Protective Company No. 2, Cobourg, Ont., H. Senglaub, foreman, 26men ; Cobourg Band, Ont., 14 pieces; Fountain Hose, Cobourg, Ont., J. T. Mitchell, Foreman, 50 men ; Palmyra Cornet Band, 14 pieces ; Protective Hook and Ladder Company,JPalmvra, W. S. Gilbert, Foreman, 20men; Sexton Extinguisher Company, Palmyra, W. H. White, Foreman. 20 men ; Marion Cornet Band, 16pieces ; L. J. DeLand Steamer and Hose Company, Fairport, J.’I. Flannigan, foreman, 56 men ; L. J. DeLand Cornet Band, fairport. 17 pieces; Fairport Hook and Ladder Company, Fairport, Robert L. Estes, Foreman, 25 men; Lyons’ Band, 13 pieces ; Arcadia Engine and Hose Company, l H. Hutchins, Foreman, 40 men, Harrison Hose, Brockport, P. Cunningham, Foreman, 25 men ; Brockport Band, 21 pieces; Protectives. Brockport, George A. Boyd, Foreman, 35 men; Huntley Steamer Company, Brockport, J. H. Kingsbury, Foreman, 30 men ; C. D. Dewey Hook and Ladder Company, Brockport, F. Schlosser, Foreman, 24 men.
Fifth Division.—S. J. Rodgers, Assistant Marshal, commanding ; Seneca f alls Band, 22 pieces; Protective Hose, Auburn, John IL Allen, Foreman, 39 men ; Exempt Firemen, Auburn, R. B. Stalker, President, 25 men; Moravia Light Infantry Band, 17 pieces; C. N. Ross Hose Company No. 5, Auburn, Joseph Bohn. Foreman, 25 men; Letclnvorth Hose Company, Auburn, Nicholas Hahn, Foreman, 25 men; Auburn Band, 24 pieces; Logan Hook and Ladder Company, Auburn, W. E. Selover, Foreman, 26 men ; Red Rover Engine Company No. 2, Seneca Falls, F. B. McCarter, Foreman, 55 men : Batavia Cornet Band, 17pieces; Rescue Hook and Ladder Company, Batavia, C. D. Morgan, Foreman, 40 men; Rescue Hook and Ladder Company, Seneca Falls, James G. Armstrong, Foreman, 24 men.
Sixth Division.—S. C. McKay, Assistant Marshal, commanding; Kerr’s Band. Buffalo, 21 pieces; Hydrant Hose Company, Lockport, Charles F. Mellish, commanding, 27 men ; Steamer Company No. 1, Canandaigua, John 11 Etts, Foreman, 34 men ; Jefferson Cornet Band, Attica, 19 men ; Wadsworth Hose Company, Geneseo, S. S. Rowland, Foreman, 21 men; Excelsior Hook and Ladder Company, Suspension Bridge, M. J. Young, F’oreman, 30’men ; Sutton’s Military Band, Naples, 16 pieces ; Ontario Steamer Company No 3, Canandaigua. George W. McKechnic, Foreman, 30 men; Protectives No. 1, Newark, J. M. Pitkin, Foreman, 24 men ; D. IL Partridge’s Silver Cornet Band, Holly, 18 pieces ; Warner Chemical Engine Company No. 4. Albion, Clark D. Knapp, Captain, 24 Men ; Albion Steamer Company No 2, Louis Garneau, Foreman, 24 men ; Lincoln Band, Rochester, 25 pieces ; Cornell Hose Company, Rondout, George P. Stevens, l’oreman, 31 men; Goeller’s Band, Kingston, 18 pieces; Wiltwyck Hose Company No. 1, Kingston, Theron Johnson, Foreman, 37 men.
Seventh Division.—C. R. Finnegan. Assistant Marshal, commanding; Kingsford’s Band, Oswego, 35 pieces; Steamer Company No. 2, Oswego, R. G. Blackburn, Foreman, 14 men ; Silsby Steam Fire Engine and Hose Cart of Oswego; Hose Company No. 1, Rochester f’ire Department; Hose Company No. 2, Rochester F’ire Department; Hook and Ladder Company No. 1, Rochester Fire Department; Extinguisher Company No 1, Rochester Fire Depart men t ; Hose Company No. 3, Rochester f’ire Department ; Hose Company No, 4. Roehr Fire department; Hook and Ladder Company No. a, Rochester Fire Department.