THE OHIO FIRE CHIEFS IN CONVENTION.
AMONG the subjects brought up and discussed at the recent convention of the fire chiefs of the State of Ohio were those of first aid to the injured and the care of hose.
The committee on the topic consisted of Chief Dickinson, of Cleveland, Chief Wall, of Toledo, and Chief Follrath, of Springfield. No report was presented; but Chief Dickinson said that every department of any size should have some knowledge of “first aid” as applying to suffocation, broken limbs, burns, etc., and to have bandages, restoratives, and the like always on hand at a fire. Many lives would thereby be saved and much benefit conferred on the injured. In addition to this Chief Dickinson would have the men taught to handle picks and shovela in case ol accidents through falls into sewers, wells, or the caving in of earth banks. At Cleveland they had saved several lives this season.
Chief l.arkin, of Dayton, introduced the subject of hose. He was in favor of cotton hose, of which he bad some that had lasted nearly sixteen years It depended much on the care given it how long hose would last. It became mildewed if allowed to lie for hours in cleansing water, laid down to drain, md then hung up to dry. Cotton hose should be wet only at fires. After use it matters not how muddy it is; let it be thoroughly taken in. dried thoroughly, not in the sun, but in the tower, and brushed off with a broom; never wet it on the outside. At one fire, not in Dayton, twenty-two sections of hose burst—more than had been burst in Dayton in llnee years. It had been mildewed. He had towers from thirty to sixty feet high; but it made no difference, so long as the hose was hung loose. After it had been hung on the outside pin it was hung on the inside, and he did not think doubling it over a pin mattered a particle.
Chief Follrath agreed with Chief Larkin. His first experience in bursting had been after the hose had been washed after a fire, and hung up in a »ld tower, where they froze, and in six months or so burst. The hose was now taken off the wagons and brushed. They thus seemed to gain new life when replaced on the wagons,where they run for six years.
Chief Wall on the subject of the height of the tower said that in winter towers needed a fire to dry the hose, which must not be too near the fire, or the rubber melts—caps blowing off and hose bursting round the couplings came from having been too close to the fire. If the tower is too short, the hose cannot be hung up.
Chief Dickinson would connect all towers with the engine room; take the heat from the hose; and ventilate the room well, whatever the height of the tower. He has couplings to attach to the engine hose room, so as to get the steam from it in winter. The heat is raised and it escapes from the roof top. He has only the one fire—only that in one house the steam pipes have been taken from the heater and run through.
Chief Knofffock, of Mansfield, raises his hose in a thirtyfive-foot towerthe—heat in winter coming from the stove, and the door acting as a ventilator.
AH Chief Wall’s houses in Toledo (he said) have basements, and the tower has to be twelve or fourteen feet higher. The natural gas burner is to one side, which gets the heat in the centre. The hose must not get too close to the heat. As to rubber hose, the sun has a worse effect on it than water. It should be taken out of the reel or wagon once or twice a month, or water should be run through it, especially if it is not used much. If water is left in the hose fora length of time, it generates a gas which ruins the rubber.
Chief Milliken, of Washington, C. H.. has had some hose fifteen years, which has never been in the tower. When his men come from a fire, they disconnect each section, drain out the water the best they can, take a broom, clean it off, and replace it on the wagon ready for service. He scarcely ever has a section burst. Some new hose,to the purchase of which he had objected,had frequenly burst after a year. It cut right off from the coupling as if a knife had been used—it had been used very seldom and had been warranted for four years.
Chief Winchell, of Zanesville, always purchases first-class hose and has 165 pounds pressure. They do not use cotton hose at all. There is no difficulty in caring for rubber hose. When it is muddy.it is scrubbed out and put back. At Zanesville they never have burst hose.
At Akron Chief Manderbach, after experimenting, still uses rubber hose. It needs no care.
Chief Wall, of Toledo, called attention to what he thought came very near an absolutely fireproof theatre in his city; only the traps in the floors,the scenery, flies, etc., not being of noninflammable material. To minimize the danger from this source, Chief Wall suggested to run a three-inch pipe up from the stage to the roof, branching out thence with a twoinch pipe; farther on a one-inch pipe completes a sprinkling system, not needing direct connection. It has a connection, however, on the stage, where a large valve extends from the pipes, openable by any one of the stage hands for the purpose of flooding the stage. Chief Wall thought this system could be used for eleven or twelve story buildings connected in that way inside with the tank and having an opening outside to connect with the steam fire engines.