THE STANDARDISATION OF WAETRWORKS FITTINGS.
R. S. Lloyd, the British hydraulic engineer, proposes the standardisation of waterworks fittings. He would deal first with the following: (1) connection between mains and services; (2) stopcocks; (3) draw-taps for cold and hot water, including basin and sink taps; (4) cisterns and valves for closets and urinals; (5) fittings for automatic supply—such _____s automatic flashing cisterns and ball-valves; (6) fire hydrants and road-watering posts or standpipes; and (7) hydrants. The standard might prescribe the size, weight, thread, and finish of cocks, valves and hydrants with regard to automatic flushing cisterns, the rules would have to be of a rather more general character, such designs as have been found by experience to lead to waste being specifically excluded. The advantages of standardisation he sums up as follows: To the waterworks engineer it would give relief from a difficult and thankless addition to duties which are often quite heavy enough, and would avoid much needless waste of water; to the public it would give the opportunity f buying reliable fittings in an open market, and the certainty of always obtaining the standard article at the lowest rate without delay; to the manufacturer it would give greatly increased facilities for production and distribution at a reduced cost, resulting from having to work only one set of patterns, and from being able to keep much larger stocks of standard goods.