THE WATERWORKS OP BAHIA.
The city of Bahia, which is situated on the coast of Brazil, South America, has a population of about 200,000 inhabitants who are housed in 17,000 dwellings. The water supply for these people has been furnished by a local company ever since 1852. It is brought from the nearby mountains, and thus far the expenditure for the works, including the pipe system, fireplugs, etc., has amounted to $1,500,000. The supply is not adequate to the needs of the city, and for a long time negotiations have been going on between the company and the city for the purpose of increasing the supply. The monopoly has been renewed for a period of forty-five years, and some valuable franchises and privileges have been awarded the company. On the expiration of this contract, the city will have the option to buy the company’s plant at the valuation of expert engineers. Every dwelling in Bahia must use water, and the municipal officials of the city regulate the price. For the average dwelling for 422 quarts a day, ten cents is charged; twentyone quarts of water is furnished to the public fountains and hydrants, at a low price. The improvements contemplated by the company will cost in the neighborhood of $600,000, but, owing to the financial crisis prevailing in Brazil, the company has been unable to obtain the money required to complete the water system, and. therefore, desires to sell its plant and privileges. The price asked is $1,100,000. It is estimated that the earning power of the waterworks, when completed in accordance with the new contract, will he $300,000 a year, and the company purchasing its rights will doubtless be awarded a contract for establishing a drainage system in the city and for furnishing the houses with sanitary plumbing.