TO AVOID FREEZING OF APPARATUS.
A circular, just issued by the Factory Insurance association of Hartford, Conn., contains the following suggestions to members for the care of fire apparatus and water pipes at this season of the year when freezing is liable to cause trouble to these systems: Examine tanks and all pipes, fittings and valves, whether for steam-heating, general water-service, or fire protection. See that none arp frozen or have been frozen, and that they are all in operative condition, and, where there is any liability of freezing, arrange the necessary protection. See that all valves are open that should be open, and try water-outlets to ascertain if all pipes are free and ready for service. See that extra sprinklers arc on hand, in case of need, to replace frozen or melted heads. Be sure that y nr engineer is fully posted as to the purpose and intention of every valve and pipe. Try your pumps ai:d see that they are in proper working order, l est all of the hydrants and indicator-posts, and see that they drain properly. Instruct the night watchman thoroughly in the use of all fire apparatus and the operation of all valves. Examine the end of suction-pipe to see that leaves or other refuse matter have not clogged up the holes in the strainer. Wc have had cases reported by our inspectors where the capacity of the pump has been greatly reduced by this means. We take this occasion to call your attention to the liability of freezing of water in casks and pails in cold buildings, and suggest that you take measures of prevention, at the same time avoiding danger of water damage Chemical extinguishers should be emptied and recharged to insure their being in perfect working order.